Investment as percent of GDP by country: the latest data

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings as percent of GDP



Countries Latest value Reference Three months ago One year ago
Albania 22.25 Q1 / 2024 29.94 21.76
Algeria 36.89 Q4 / 2023 31.41 31.70
Argentina 16.23 Q1 / 2024 18.32 18.63
Armenia 14.10 Q1 / 2024 28.51 14.53
Australia 22.53 Q1 / 2024 24.22 21.85
Austria 22.73 Q1 / 2024 26.09 23.52
Azerbaijan 12.85 Q1 / 2024 18.78 10.94
Bahamas 20.97 Q4 / 2023 22.52 22.32
Belarus 19.10 Q1 / 2024 26.59 18.39
Belgium 22.90 Q1 / 2024 25.59 23.23
Bermuda 12.22 Q3 / 2023 12.54 13.20
Bolivia 18.81 Q4 / 2023 18.14 19.39
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.34 Q1 / 2024 24.46 21.73
Botswana 27.76 Q1 / 2024 27.91 24.26
Brazil 16.91 Q1 / 2024 16.14 17.05
Brunei 23.22 Q1 / 2024 22.93 21.58
Bulgaria 14.17 Q1 / 2024 20.59 13.51
Cameroon 19.62 Q2 / 2023 18.37 18.43
Canada 21.64 Q1 / 2024 21.87 22.17
Cape Verde 18.96 Q1 / 2024 18.21 19.10
Chile 22.40 Q1 / 2024 23.90 23.70
Colombia 17.03 Q1 / 2024 7.44 21.64
Costa Rica 15.14 Q1 / 2024 15.31 16.21
Croatia 23.88 Q1 / 2024 18.88 23.19
Cyprus 18.79 Q1 / 2024 17.25 30.28
Czechia 23.71 Q1 / 2024 30.01 25.06
Denmark 21.12 Q1 / 2024 22.50 21.58
Dominican Republic 30.18 Q1 / 2024 33.17 31.61
Ecuador 17.15 Q1 / 2024 21.29 17.91
Egypt 10.89 Q4 / 2023 8.70 13.57
Estonia 25.66 Q1 / 2024 31.21 22.75
Euro area 21.15 Q1 / 2024 22.58 21.77
Finland 19.37 Q1 / 2024 22.91 21.12
France 22.04 Q1 / 2024 23.61 23.03
Georgia 19.92 Q1 / 2024 21.37 20.44
Germany 20.18 Q1 / 2024 21.64 20.98
Ghana 11.79 Q3 / 2023 12.23 17.36
Greece 14.20 Q1 / 2024 15.38 14.07
Guatemala 16.02 Q4 / 2023 17.07 16.35
Hong Kong 14.82 Q1 / 2024 16.88 15.77
Hungary 21.42 Q1 / 2024 26.38 23.57
Iceland 23.87 Q1 / 2024 24.60 22.68
India 31.50 Q1 / 2024 29.08 32.26
Indonesia 29.31 Q1 / 2024 30.57 29.11
Iran 26.81 Q3 / 2020 28.20 23.03
Ireland 19.75 Q1 / 2024 34.08 19.04
Israel 21.59 Q1 / 2024 20.93 25.00
Italy 22.06 Q1 / 2024 20.80 22.31
Japan 28.50 Q1 / 2024 25.45 28.56
Kazakhstan 26.62 Q4 / 2023 29.71 22.35
Kyrgyzstan 21.16 Q3 / 2023 20.22 21.42
Latvia 18.67 Q1 / 2024 26.66 20.47
Lithuania 20.58 Q1 / 2024 25.15 21.21
Luxembourg 17.19 Q1 / 2024 18.08 19.44
Macao 12.58 Q1 / 2024 12.96 14.69
Malaysia 20.53 Q1 / 2024 18.65 19.48
Malta 17.88 Q1 / 2024 19.01 19.10
Mauritius 29.31 Q1 / 2024 23.80 24.80
Mexico 22.19 Q1 / 2023 21.22 21.39
Moldova 19.65 Q1 / 2024 19.50 20.76
Mongolia 17.92 Q1 / 2024 26.15 22.08
Montenegro 23.55 Q1 / 2024 20.09 23.75
Netherlands 20.27 Q1 / 2024 19.20 21.36
New Zealand 24.38 Q1 / 2024 24.91 25.72
Nicaragua 20.04 Q1 / 2024 22.06 20.16
Nigeria 38.56 Q4 / 2023 29.83 33.78
Norway 21.23 Q1 / 2024 24.20 20.64
Palestine 24.99 Q4 / 2023 24.84 26.04
Panama 26.72 Q4 / 2023 28.37 26.23
Paraguay 19.14 Q1 / 2024 19.48 19.60
Peru 21.43 Q1 / 2024 25.10 21.03
Philippines 21.97 Q1 / 2024 21.47 22.89
Poland 12.50 Q1 / 2024 24.45 12.91
Portugal 18.77 Q1 / 2024 19.43 19.93
Qatar 24.66 Q4 / 2022 30.58 29.65
Romania 20.11 Q1 / 2024 27.06 19.15
Russia 16.65 Q1 / 2024 28.75 15.89
Rwanda 37.00 Q1 / 2024 25.00 26.74
Saudi Arabia 31.27 Q1 / 2024 27.83 29.10
Senegal 31.09 Q4 / 2023 41.14 30.95
Serbia 22.61 Q1 / 2024 24.39 22.25
Seychelles 15.53 Q1 / 2024 21.00 22.63
Singapore 21.45 Q1 / 2024 22.02 22.47
Slovakia 17.99 Q1 / 2024 26.77 19.33
Slovenia 22.78 Q1 / 2024 21.59 23.57
South Africa 15.32 Q1 / 2024 14.71 15.14
South Korea 29.20 Q1 / 2024 32.59 30.24
Spain 19.19 Q1 / 2024 19.39 19.17
Sri Lanka 16.68 Q4 / 2023 17.77 19.38
Sweden 23.30 Q1 / 2024 26.54 23.93
Switzerland 24.49 Q1 / 2024 26.34 25.78
Taiwan 24.47 Q1 / 2024 22.98 28.05
Thailand 22.48 Q1 / 2024 22.48 23.96
Turkey 31.91 Q1 / 2024 32.72 31.48
USA 17.63 Q1 / 2024 17.47 17.54
Uganda 24.66 Q1 / 2024 24.14 22.85
Ukraine 16.62 Q4 / 2023 16.52 14.81
United Kingdom 18.50 Q2 / 2023 18.45 18.48
Uruguay 15.53 Q1 / 2024 18.84 16.53
Uzbekistan 46.50 Q1 / 2024 42.81 29.56



The table shows the level of gross fixed capital formation, i.e. investment, as percent of GDP around the world. There are three values - for the last quarter, for the previous quarter, and for a year ago. These numbers are updated as soon as new data are released by the national authorities.

Looking across countries, investment is about 20-25 percent of GDP, typically with greater values for less developed countries than for advanced economies. This is normal as those countries are in the process of industrialization that requires more investment.

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