Inflation, annual by country: the latest data

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
Inflation in the table below is defined as the percent change in the CPI from the same month last year. The first column of numbers shows the latest value available from the national authorities and the next two columns show the levels of annual inflation three months and one year prior to the latest release. The data are updated daily.

Over long stretches of time - typically years - inflation is a byproduct of the expansion of money supply. In the short run the inflation rate fluctuates with economic growth as recessions slow down the increase in prices and rapid output growth accelerates it. Shits in exchange rates, commodity prices, and natural phenomena like droughts also have an impact. Over time, however, these factors have only a transitory effect and the only variable that matters is money supply growth.

The control of inflation is delegated to central banks that typically try to balance between relatively low inflation and low unemployment. For more, you can read our articles about optimal inflation and the causes of inflation in the short run and the long run.

Definition: Percent change in the CPI from the same month last year.

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Countries
Latest data
from:
Latest
value
Value 3
months ago
Value 12
months ago
Jun / 2021
1.56
4.42
6.36
Aug / 2021
2.39
1.84
1.26
Jun / 2021
4.13
4.77
2.97
Jul / 2021
7.09
6.83
22.17
Mar / 2021
2.09
2.78
1.28
Aug / 2021
51.66
48.88
39.84
Aug / 2021
8.23
5.32
2.57
Jul / 2021
1.76
-0.36
-3.17
Q2 / 2021
3.85
1.11
-0.35
Aug / 2021
3.15
2.89
1.41
Jul / 2021
6.00
4.37
2.76
Jan / 2021
0.77
0.30
2.01
Jun / 2021
0.65
-2.06
-3.41
Jul / 2021
5.36
5.56
5.53
Jun / 2021
2.88
1.15
2.40
Aug / 2021
9.78
9.40
5.59
Aug / 2021
2.73
1.46
0.82
Apr / 2021
2.49
1.04
-0.02
Aug / 2021
1.43
1.72
4.70
May / 2021
1.42
0.19
0.38
Jun / 2021
7.43
9.11
4.54
Aug / 2021
0.18
0.54
1.39
Aug / 2021
2.34
1.71
-1.02
Aug / 2021
8.69
6.21
1.15
Aug / 2021
9.68
8.06
2.44
Mar / 2022
-0.36
1.11
2.14
Aug / 2021
3.72
2.47
1.22
Aug / 2021
2.79
2.31
4.10
Nov / 2020
0.97
1.84
8.26
Jul / 2021
9.69
6.44
7.40
Jun / 2021
2.74
2.08
2.37
Mar / 2021
1.97
2.15
2.45
Aug / 2021
4.09
3.60
0.15
Aug / 2021
2.41
1.32
0.12
Jul / 2021
-0.72
-1.82
5.29
Aug / 2021
4.78
3.65
2.50
Aug / 2021
0.56
1.49
2.39
Aug / 2021
4.44
3.30
1.87
May / 2017
-10.89
-4.27
1.33
Aug / 2021
1.72
1.34
-0.07
Aug / 2021
3.14
2.15
-0.10
Aug / 2021
5.04
2.39
-1.22
Aug / 2021
4.09
2.87
3.30
Aug / 2021
1.83
1.75
0.48
Dec / 2020
0.31
0.23
3.26
Mar / 2021
1.84
-0.70
-1.00
Aug / 2021
7.90
10.48
4.80
Aug / 2021
0.90
-1.13
-0.76
Aug / 2021
6.42
4.83
3.57
Aug / 2021
4.30
2.59
-0.30
Aug / 2021
5.04
3.56
-0.93
Jan / 2020
18.67
18.58
11.05
Aug / 2021
2.96
1.98
-0.17
Jun / 2021
3.15
0.17
0.59
Jul / 2021
-0.44
-2.45
-1.57
Aug / 2021
2.17
2.23
0.20
Aug / 2021
1.87
1.42
0.22
Mar / 2021
7.37
5.67
7.59
Aug / 2021
12.77
7.69
4.80
Aug / 2021
4.16
2.82
-0.01
Aug / 2021
9.80
7.60
10.42
Aug / 2021
1.88
0.14
-1.91
Mar / 2021
0.27
-0.80
-0.18
Aug / 2021
3.62
5.17
2.88
Aug / 2021
13.48
12.37
11.04
Mar / 2021
0.66
1.52
1.34
May / 2021
3.36
2.79
0.82
Apr / 2021
16.07
18.82
22.34
Aug / 2021
4.48
4.84
3.22
Jul / 2021
3.79
0.72
-2.26
Aug / 2021
4.88
5.15
3.88
Jul / 2021
4.27
4.57
3.01
Aug / 2021
5.30
5.60
6.69
May / 2021
1.75
1.38
1.25
Jul / 2021
48.22
50.59
26.82
Jul / 2021
7.40
5.54
-0.10
Aug / 2021
2.85
1.67
-0.97
Aug / 2021
1.90
1.20
-0.79
Aug / 2021
2.14
1.26
-0.48
Aug / 2021
2.54
1.22
2.81
Aug / 2021
6.04
5.01
1.67
Aug / 2021
0.39
-0.10
0.20
Aug / 2021
2.01
1.65
-1.11
Aug / 2021
8.73
7.22
6.99
Aug / 2021
6.57
5.87
2.59
Apr / 2021
3.12
2.95
1.85
Aug / 2021
14.05
10.92
5.03
Apr / 2021
3.23
2.05
5.89
Aug / 2021
3.78
2.58
-0.28
Jun / 2021
100.64
157.86
89.74
Jul / 2021
5.45
6.74
5.60
Apr / 2021
9.40
12.92
22.51
Dec / 2020
2.82
2.02
0.88
Aug / 2021
0.93
0.59
-0.88
Aug / 2021
5.27
3.58
1.26
Aug / 2021
2.46
2.53
0.59
Aug / 2021
0.40
-0.51
0.15
Aug / 2021
3.59
3.02
1.43
Jul / 2021
6.25
5.44
4.02
Aug / 2021
8.40
8.90
7.54
Aug / 2021
2.00
4.41
-1.40
Jul / 2021
1.08
3.50
-0.51
Aug / 2021
1.45
5.25
1.97
Aug / 2021
0.38
0.16
0.66
Aug / 2021
3.97
2.48
1.98
Aug / 2021
5.98
2.33
1.54
Aug / 2021
5.58
5.89
4.05
Aug / 2021
4.64
3.09
3.45
Jul / 2021
7.36
5.48
3.34
Aug / 2021
3.14
2.38
-0.49
Mar / 2021
-1.57
-2.99
0.49
Aug / 2021
0.79
1.90
1.07
Jul / 2021
5.48
5.19
2.82
Aug / 2021
3.45
3.77
2.41
Jun / 2021
4.19
3.03
4.54
Aug / 2021
2.39
2.13
0.71
Jul / 2021
0.73
0.43
-1.05
Q2 / 2021
3.34
1.52
1.45
Jun / 2020
3.62
4.42
5.63
Mar / 2021
3.91
3.06
0.30
Aug / 2021
17.01
17.93
13.22
Aug / 2021
3.38
2.68
1.72
Jun / 2021
1.23
-0.38
-0.75
Aug / 2021
8.35
10.86
3.66
Aug / 2021
6.21
5.49
2.62
Jul / 2021
2.37
1.71
-2.25
Q2 / 2021
3.31
4.65
6.27
Aug / 2021
5.64
3.69
1.63
Aug / 2021
4.96
2.78
2.14
Aug / 2021
4.87
4.50
2.41
Aug / 2021
5.37
4.79
2.90
Aug / 2021
1.54
1.24
-0.01
Jul / 2021
2.87
1.39
-1.39
Aug / 2021
2.95
2.50
-4.24
Aug / 2018
1.12
1.12
0.67
Aug / 2021
5.25
3.75
2.68
Jul / 2021
7.16
6.04
3.59
Aug / 2021
-1.87
0.37
10.89
Aug / 2021
5.40
1.82
-2.85
Apr / 2021
7.37
8.15
9.65
Aug / 2021
0.00
5.68
6.16
Aug / 2021
2.66
1.32
2.92
Aug / 2021
4.31
3.59
1.92
Aug / 2021
10.50
11.37
1.20
Jul / 2021
10.50
9.60
13.30
Aug / 2021
2.40
2.43
-0.40
Aug / 2021
3.79
2.20
1.44
Aug / 2021
2.11
2.13
-0.14
Mar / 2021
-0.27
-2.53
7.23
Aug / 2021
4.25
3.83
4.06
Aug / 2021
4.89
5.16
3.09
Aug / 2021
2.64
2.63
0.66
Aug / 2021
3.30
2.71
-0.51
Dec / 2020
269.33
212.29
57.02
Jul / 2021
58.85
44.38
38.17
Mar / 2021
2.15
2.39
3.00
Aug / 2021
2.05
1.83
0.80
Aug / 2021
0.89
0.59
-0.91
Aug / 2021
2.35
2.45
-0.32
Jul / 2021
9.09
8.26
9.43
Aug / 2021
2.54
2.13
3.33
Aug / 2021
-2.60
-0.21
-0.50
Jul / 2021
6.76
3.00
1.43
Q1 / 2021
28.00
25.03
25.13
May / 2021
1.38
0.83
0.65
Aug / 2021
6.16
5.03
5.36
Aug / 2021
19.25
16.59
11.77
Aug / 2021
5.25
4.99
1.31
Aug / 2021
1.31
2.08
4.56
Aug / 2021
10.22
9.46
2.53
May / 2021
-0.54
-2.01
-2.79
Aug / 2021
3.03
2.21
0.46
Aug / 2021
7.59
6.64
9.79
Q1 / 2021
5.50
6.58
3.06
May / 2021
2719.47
2936.72
2296.59
Aug / 2021
2.82
2.50
2.75
Aug / 2021
24.44
23.24
15.48
Jul / 2021
56.37
194.07
837.64
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