* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Human flight and brain drain index, 0 (low) - 10 (high), 2023:

The average for 2023 based on 41 countries was 3.82 index points. The highest value was in Ukraine: 8.9 index points and the lowest value was in Sweden: 0.6 index points. The indicator is available from 2007 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: Fund for Peace
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Human flight and brain drain, 2023 Global rank Available data
Ukraine 8.9 1 2007 - 2023
Albania 8.5 2 2007 - 2023
Moldova 8.1 3 2007 - 2023
Bosnia & Herz. 7.1 4 2007 - 2023
North Macedonia 6.4 5 2007 - 2023
Croatia 6.1 6 2007 - 2023
Serbia 6 7 2007 - 2023
Latvia 5.8 8 2007 - 2023
Lithuania 5.6 9 2007 - 2023
Romania 5.6 10 2007 - 2023
Montenegro 5.4 11 2007 - 2023
Bulgaria 5.2 12 2007 - 2023
Estonia 4.7 13 2007 - 2023
Belarus 4.6 14 2007 - 2023
Poland 4.6 15 2007 - 2023
Greece 4 16 2007 - 2023
Slovakia 4 17 2007 - 2023
Hungary 3.9 18 2007 - 2023
Russia 3.9 19 2007 - 2023
Malta 3.7 20 2007 - 2023
Turkey 3.7 21 2007 - 2023
Slovenia 3.6 22 2007 - 2023
Cyprus 3.5 23 2007 - 2023
Czechia 3.5 24 2007 - 2023
Portugal 3.1 25 2007 - 2023
Belgium 2.7 26 2007 - 2023
Ireland 2.5 27 2007 - 2023
Italy 2.5 28 2007 - 2023
UK 2.4 29 2007 - 2023
Netherlands 2.3 30 2007 - 2023
France 2 31 2007 - 2023
Germany 1.9 32 2007 - 2023
Austria 1.7 33 2007 - 2023
Luxembourg 1.7 34 2007 - 2023
Iceland 1.6 35 2007 - 2023
Finland 1.5 36 2007 - 2023
Denmark 1 37 2007 - 2023
Spain 1 38 2007 - 2023
Switzerland 1 39 2007 - 2023
Norway 0.7 40 2007 - 2023
Sweden 0.6 41 2007 - 2023



Definition: The Human flight and brain drain indicator considers the economic impact of human displacement (for economic or political reasons) and the consequences this may have on a country’s development. The higher the index, the greater the human displacement.

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