* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Human flight and brain drain index, 0 (low) - 10 (high), 2023:

The average for 2023 based on 177 countries was 5.17 index points. The highest value was in Samoa: 10 index points and the lowest value was in Australia: 0.4 index points. The indicator is available from 2007 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: Fund for Peace
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Human flight and brain drain, 2023 Global rank Available data
Samoa 10 1 2007 - 2023
Jamaica 9.5 2 2007 - 2023
Palestine 8.9 3 2021 - 2023
Ukraine 8.9 4 2007 - 2023
El Salvador 8.7 5 2007 - 2023
Eritrea 8.6 6 2007 - 2023
Somalia 8.6 7 2007 - 2023
Afghanistan 8.5 8 2007 - 2023
Albania 8.5 9 2007 - 2023
Micronesia 8.4 10 2007 - 2023
Haiti 8.3 11 2007 - 2023
Guyana 8.2 12 2007 - 2023
Moldova 8.1 13 2007 - 2023
Cape Verde 8 14 2007 - 2023
Syria 8 15 2007 - 2023
Chad 7.7 16 2007 - 2023
Grenada 7.7 17 2007 - 2023
Mali 7.7 18 2007 - 2023
Fiji 7.6 19 2007 - 2023
Sri Lanka 7.6 20 2007 - 2023
Lesotho 7.5 21 2007 - 2023
Sudan 7.5 22 2007 - 2023
Nicaragua 7.3 23 2007 - 2023
S.T.&Principe 7.3 24 2007 - 2023
Armenia 7.2 25 2007 - 2023
Comoros 7.2 26 2007 - 2023
Bosnia & Herz. 7.1 27 2007 - 2023
Morocco 7.1 28 2007 - 2023
Mozambique 7.1 29 2007 - 2023
Zimbabwe 7.1 30 2007 - 2023
Burkina Faso 7 31 2007 - 2023
Sierra Leone 7 32 2007 - 2023
Cameroon 6.9 33 2007 - 2023
Gambia 6.9 34 2007 - 2023
Senegal 6.9 35 2007 - 2023
Bangladesh 6.8 36 2007 - 2023
Ghana 6.8 37 2007 - 2023
Tr.&Tobago 6.8 38 2007 - 2023
Domin. Rep. 6.7 39 2007 - 2023
G.-Bissau 6.7 40 2007 - 2023
Honduras 6.7 41 2007 - 2023
Kyrgyzstan 6.7 42 2007 - 2023
Liberia 6.7 43 2007 - 2023
Nigeria 6.7 44 2007 - 2023
Niger 6.6 45 2007 - 2023
Georgia 6.5 46 2007 - 2023
Guatemala 6.5 47 2007 - 2023
Lebanon 6.5 48 2007 - 2023
Togo 6.5 49 2007 - 2023
Venezuela 6.5 50 2007 - 2023
DR Congo 6.4 51 2007 - 2023
Kenya 6.4 52 2007 - 2023
Laos 6.4 53 2007 - 2023
Malawi 6.4 54 2007 - 2023
North Macedonia 6.4 55 2007 - 2023
Tanzania 6.4 56 2007 - 2023
Yemen 6.4 57 2007 - 2023
Burma 6.3 58 2007 - 2023
Guinea 6.3 59 2007 - 2023
Zambia 6.3 60 2007 - 2023
Ant.& Barb. 6.2 61 2007 - 2023
C.A. Republic 6.2 62 2007 - 2023
Ethiopia 6.2 63 2007 - 2023
R. of Congo 6.2 64 2007 - 2023
Benin 6.1 65 2007 - 2023
Croatia 6.1 66 2007 - 2023
Iraq 6.1 67 2007 - 2023
Nepal 6.1 68 2007 - 2023
Rwanda 6.1 69 2007 - 2023
Uganda 6.1 70 2007 - 2023
Cambodia 6 71 2007 - 2023
Serbia 6 72 2007 - 2023
Swaziland 6 73 2007 - 2023
Madagascar 5.9 74 2007 - 2023
Namibia 5.9 75 2007 - 2023
Papua N.G. 5.9 76 2007 - 2023
Solomon Isl. 5.9 77 2007 - 2023
Ivory Coast 5.8 78 2007 - 2023
Latvia 5.8 79 2007 - 2023
Pakistan 5.8 80 2007 - 2023
Peru 5.8 81 2007 - 2023
Indonesia 5.7 82 2007 - 2023
Jordan 5.7 83 2007 - 2023
Mauritania 5.7 84 2007 - 2023
Suriname 5.7 85 2007 - 2023
Angola 5.6 86 2007 - 2023
Bolivia 5.6 87 2007 - 2023
Cuba 5.6 88 2007 - 2023
Lithuania 5.6 89 2007 - 2023
Romania 5.6 90 2007 - 2023
Tunisia 5.6 91 2007 - 2023
Bhutan 5.5 92 2007 - 2023
Montenegro 5.4 93 2007 - 2023
Tajikistan 5.4 94 2007 - 2023
Seychelles 5.3 95 2007 - 2023
Bulgaria 5.2 96 2007 - 2023
Burundi 5.2 97 2007 - 2023
Maldives 5.2 98 2007 - 2023
Algeria 5.1 99 2007 - 2023
Barbados 5.1 100 2007 - 2023
Belize 5 101 2007 - 2023
Egypt 5 102 2007 - 2023
Libya 5 103 2007 - 2023
India 4.9 104 2007 - 2023
Iran 4.9 105 2007 - 2023
Philippines 4.9 106 2007 - 2023
Uzbekistan 4.8 107 2007 - 2023
Estonia 4.7 108 2007 - 2023
Mexico 4.7 109 2007 - 2023
Paraguay 4.7 110 2007 - 2023
Vietnam 4.7 111 2007 - 2023
Azerbaijan 4.6 112 2007 - 2023
Belarus 4.6 113 2007 - 2023
Colombia 4.6 114 2007 - 2023
Gabon 4.6 115 2007 - 2023
Kazakhstan 4.6 116 2007 - 2023
Poland 4.6 117 2007 - 2023
Botswana 4.5 118 2007 - 2023
South Africa 4.5 119 2007 - 2023
Bahamas 4.4 120 2007 - 2023
Ecuador 4.2 121 2007 - 2023
Mauritius 4.2 122 2007 - 2023
Mongolia 4.2 123 2007 - 2023
Malaysia 4.1 124 2007 - 2023
Turkmenistan 4.1 125 2007 - 2023
Djibouti 4 126 2007 - 2023
Greece 4 127 2007 - 2023
Slovakia 4 128 2007 - 2023
Hungary 3.9 129 2007 - 2023
Russia 3.9 130 2007 - 2023
Eq. Guinea 3.7 131 2007 - 2023
Malta 3.7 132 2007 - 2023
Thailand 3.7 133 2007 - 2023
Turkey 3.7 134 2007 - 2023
Panama 3.6 135 2007 - 2023
Slovenia 3.6 136 2007 - 2023
Brazil 3.5 137 2007 - 2023
Cyprus 3.5 138 2007 - 2023
Czechia 3.5 139 2007 - 2023
Brunei 3.4 140 2007 - 2023
South Korea 3.4 141 2007 - 2023
Uruguay 3.4 142 2007 - 2023
Chile 3.3 143 2007 - 2023
China 3.2 144 2007 - 2023
North Korea 3.2 145 2007 - 2023
Portugal 3.1 146 2007 - 2023
Bahrain 3 147 2007 - 2023
Argentina 2.9 148 2007 - 2023
Costa Rica 2.9 149 2007 - 2023
Belgium 2.7 150 2007 - 2023
Japan 2.7 151 2007 - 2023
Saudi Arabia 2.7 152 2007 - 2023
Ireland 2.5 153 2007 - 2023
Italy 2.5 154 2007 - 2023
Kuwait 2.5 155 2007 - 2023
Israel 2.4 156 2007 - 2023
UK 2.4 157 2007 - 2023
Netherlands 2.3 158 2007 - 2023
UA Emirates 2.1 159 2007 - 2023
France 2 160 2007 - 2023
Germany 1.9 161 2007 - 2023
Austria 1.7 162 2007 - 2023
Luxembourg 1.7 163 2007 - 2023
USA 1.7 164 2007 - 2023
Iceland 1.6 165 2007 - 2023
New Zealand 1.6 166 2007 - 2023
Finland 1.5 167 2007 - 2023
Oman 1.4 168 2007 - 2023
Singapore 1.3 169 2007 - 2023
Qatar 1.1 170 2007 - 2023
Denmark 1 171 2007 - 2023
Spain 1 172 2007 - 2023
Switzerland 1 173 2007 - 2023
Canada 0.7 174 2007 - 2023
Norway 0.7 175 2007 - 2023
Sweden 0.6 176 2007 - 2023
Australia 0.4 177 2007 - 2023



Definition: The Human flight and brain drain indicator considers the economic impact of human displacement (for economic or political reasons) and the consequences this may have on a country’s development. The higher the index, the greater the human displacement.
10.00
9.50
8.90
8.90
8.70
8.60
8.60
8.50
8.50
8.40
8.30
8.20
8.10
8.00
8.00
7.70
7.70
7.70
7.60
7.60
7.50
7.50
7.30
7.30
7.20
7.20
7.10
7.10
7.10
7.10
7.00
7.00
6.90
6.90
6.90
6.80
6.80
6.80
6.70
6.70
6.70
6.70
6.70
6.70
6.60
6.50
6.50
6.50
6.50
6.50
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.30
6.30
6.30
6.20
6.20
6.20
6.20
6.10
6.10
6.10
6.10
6.10
6.10
6.00
6.00
6.00
5.90
5.90
5.90
5.90
5.80
5.80
5.80
5.80
5.70
5.70
5.70
5.70
5.60
5.60
5.60
5.60
5.60
5.60
5.50
5.40
5.40
5.30
5.20
5.20
5.20
5.10
5.10
5.00
5.00
5.00
4.90
4.90
4.90
4.80
4.70
4.70
4.70
4.70
4.60
4.60
4.60
4.60
4.60
4.60
4.50
4.50
4.40
4.20
4.20
4.20
4.10
4.10
4.00
4.00
4.00
3.90
3.90
3.70
3.70
3.70
3.70
3.60
3.60
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.40
3.40
3.40
3.30
3.20
3.20
3.10
3.00
2.90
2.90
2.70
2.70
2.70
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.40
2.40
2.30
2.10
2.00
1.90
1.70
1.70
1.70
1.60
1.60
1.50
1.40
1.30
1.10
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.70
0.70
0.60
0.40
0
2.5
5
7.5
10
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