* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Property rights index (0-100), 2023:

The average for 2023 based on 27 countries was 88 points. The highest value was in Finland: 100 points and the lowest value was in Hungary: 70 points. The indicator is available from 1995 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: points; Source: The Heritage Foundation
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Property rights, 2023 Global rank Available data
Finland 100 1 1996 - 2023
Denmark 98 2 1996 - 2023
Austria 97 3 1995 - 2023
Luxembourg 97 4 1996 - 2023
Sweden 97 5 1995 - 2023
Netherlands 96 6 1996 - 2023
Germany 95 7 1995 - 2023
France 93 8 1995 - 2023
Ireland 93 9 1995 - 2023
Belgium 92 10 1996 - 2023
Estonia 92 11 1995 - 2023
Portugal 90 12 1995 - 2023
Czechia 89 13 1995 - 2023
Slovenia 89 14 1996 - 2023
Lithuania 88 15 1996 - 2023
Latvia 87 16 1996 - 2023
Malta 87 17 1995 - 2023
Spain 87 18 1995 - 2023
Slovakia 84 19 1995 - 2023
Cyprus 83 20 1996 - 2023
Italy 81 21 1995 - 2023
Romania 81 22 1995 - 2023
Croatia 80 23 1996 - 2023
Greece 77 24 1995 - 2023
Bulgaria 75 25 1995 - 2023
Poland 73 26 1995 - 2023
Hungary 70 27 1995 - 2023



Definition: The property rights index measures the degree to which a country’s laws protect private property rights and the degree to which its government enforces those laws. It also assesses the likelihood that private property will be expropriated and analyzes the independence of the judiciary, the existence of corruption within the judiciary, and the ability of individuals and businesses to enforce contracts. Higher index values denote more certain legal protection of property.
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