* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Property rights index (0-100), 2023:

The average for 2023 based on 41 countries was 80 points. The highest value was in Finland: 100 points and the lowest value was in Belarus: 31 points. The indicator is available from 1995 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: points; Source: The Heritage Foundation
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Property rights, 2023 Global rank Available data
Finland 100 1 1996 - 2023
Norway 99 2 1996 - 2023
Denmark 98 3 1996 - 2023
Austria 97 4 1995 - 2023
Iceland 97 5 1997 - 2023
Luxembourg 97 6 1996 - 2023
Sweden 97 7 1995 - 2023
Netherlands 96 8 1996 - 2023
Germany 95 9 1995 - 2023
UK 95 10 1995 - 2023
Switzerland 94 11 1996 - 2023
France 93 12 1995 - 2023
Ireland 93 13 1995 - 2023
Liechtenstein 93 14 2023 - 2023
Belgium 92 15 1996 - 2023
Estonia 92 16 1995 - 2023
Portugal 90 17 1995 - 2023
Czechia 89 18 1995 - 2023
Slovenia 89 19 1996 - 2023
Lithuania 88 20 1996 - 2023
Latvia 87 21 1996 - 2023
Malta 87 22 1995 - 2023
Spain 87 23 1995 - 2023
Slovakia 84 24 1995 - 2023
Cyprus 83 25 1996 - 2023
Italy 81 26 1995 - 2023
Romania 81 27 1995 - 2023
Croatia 80 28 1996 - 2023
Greece 77 29 1995 - 2023
Bulgaria 75 30 1995 - 2023
Poland 73 31 1995 - 2023
Hungary 70 32 1995 - 2023
Montenegro 60 33 2002 - 2023
North Macedonia 59 34 2002 - 2023
Serbia 59 35 2002 - 2023
Albania 56 36 1995 - 2023
Bosnia & Herz. 48 37 1998 - 2023
Turkey 41 38 1995 - 2023
Moldova 38 39 1995 - 2023
Belarus 31 40 1995 - 2023
Russia 31 41 1995 - 2023



Definition: The property rights index measures the degree to which a country’s laws protect private property rights and the degree to which its government enforces those laws. It also assesses the likelihood that private property will be expropriated and analyzes the independence of the judiciary, the existence of corruption within the judiciary, and the ability of individuals and businesses to enforce contracts. Higher index values denote more certain legal protection of property.
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