* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Greenhouse gas emissions, 2020:

The average for 2020 based on 185 countries was 241624 kt of CO2 equivalent. The highest value was in China: 12942868 kt of CO2 equivalent and the lowest value was in Tuvalu: 22 kt of CO2 equivalent. The indicator is available from 1990 to 2020. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: kt of CO2 equivalent; Source: World bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Greenhouse gas emissions, 2020 Global rank Available data
China 12942868 1 1990 - 2020
USA 5505181 2 1990 - 2020
India 3200821 3 1990 - 2020
Russia 2331479 4 1990 - 2020
Japan 1094556 5 1990 - 2020
Brazil 1064709 6 1990 - 2020
Indonesia 976488 7 1990 - 2020
Iran 844649 8 1990 - 2020
Saudi Arabia 712585 9 1990 - 2020
Germany 692751 10 1990 - 2020
Canada 677709 11 1990 - 2020
South Korea 659330 12 1990 - 2020
Mexico 592321 13 1990 - 2020
Australia 571903 14 1990 - 2020
Turkey 504956 15 1990 - 2020
South Africa 501521 16 1990 - 2020
Vietnam 470578 17 1990 - 2020
Pakistan 436609 18 1990 - 2020
Thailand 433773 19 1990 - 2020
UK 398324 20 1990 - 2020
France 376006 21 1990 - 2020
Argentina 361433 22 1990 - 2020
Italy 352129 23 1990 - 2020
Poland 338384 24 1990 - 2020
Nigeria 322337 25 1990 - 2020
Malaysia 302089 26 1990 - 2020
Egypt 299779 27 1990 - 2020
Kazakhstan 294806 28 1990 - 2020
Spain 270311 29 1990 - 2020
Algeria 266703 30 1990 - 2020
Iraq 261290 31 1990 - 2020
UA Emirates 249928 32 1990 - 2020
Ukraine 227342 33 1990 - 2020
Philippines 224972 34 1990 - 2020
Bangladesh 206570 35 1990 - 2020
Venezuela 194260 36 1990 - 2020
Turkmenistan 194092 37 1990 - 2020
Uzbekistan 187520 38 1990 - 2020
Colombia 186999 39 1990 - 2020
Ethiopia 167300 40 1990 - 2020
Netherlands 155912 41 1990 - 2020
Kuwait 135897 42 1990 - 2020
Burma 128949 43 1990 - 2020
Qatar 119605 44 1990 - 2020
Czechia 108308 45 1990 - 2020
Sudan 107114 46 1990 - 2020
Chile 106722 47 1990 - 2020
Belgium 100063 48 1990 - 2020
Romania 95744 49 1990 - 2020
Oman 95082 50 1990 - 2020
Cameroon 93349 51 1990 - 2020
Peru 89865 52 1990 - 2020
Chad 89558 53 1990 - 2020
Tanzania 89255 54 1990 - 2020
Morocco 88028 55 1990 - 2020
Belarus 87868 56 1990 - 2020
Israel 83664 57 1990 - 2020
Kenya 80188 58 1990 - 2020
New Zealand 80158 59 1990 - 2020
North Korea 76080 60 1990 - 2020
Libya 75370 61 1990 - 2020
Austria 71018 62 1990 - 2020
Angola 70781 63 1990 - 2020
Greece 69283 64 1990 - 2020
Ecuador 68056 65 1990 - 2020
Singapore 64267 66 1990 - 2020
Serbia 62884 67 1990 - 2020
Hungary 59597 68 1990 - 2020
Ireland 59498 69 1990 - 2020
DR Congo 56120 70 1990 - 2020
Portugal 55641 71 1990 - 2020
Azerbaijan 55352 72 1990 - 2020
Bolivia 55203 73 1990 - 2020
Bahrain 54151 74 1990 - 2020
Mongolia 53921 75 1990 - 2020
Paraguay 50784 76 1990 - 2020
Finland 47740 77 1990 - 2020
Syria 47112 78 1990 - 2020
Bulgaria 46493 79 1990 - 2020
Norway 46117 80 1990 - 2020
Nepal 45869 81 1990 - 2020
Sweden 45459 82 1990 - 2020
Niger 44796 83 1990 - 2020
Switzerland 43988 84 1990 - 2020
Mali 43492 85 1990 - 2020
Cambodia 42363 86 1990 - 2020
Denmark 41136 87 1990 - 2020
Tunisia 40883 88 1990 - 2020
Uganda 39280 89 1990 - 2020
Ghana 39070 90 1990 - 2020
Domin. Rep. 37053 91 1990 - 2020
Zambia 36108 92 1990 - 2020
Uruguay 35994 93 1990 - 2020
Slovakia 35984 94 1990 - 2020
Sri Lanka 35117 95 1990 - 2020
Mozambique 33749 96 1990 - 2020
Guatemala 33166 97 1990 - 2020
Jordan 33146 98 1990 - 2020
Burkina Faso 32263 99 1990 - 2020
Afghanistan 31119 100 1990 - 2020
Madagascar 30566 101 1990 - 2020
Laos 30491 102 1990 - 2020
Senegal 30293 103 1990 - 2020
Guinea 29746 104 1990 - 2020
Lebanon 28947 105 1990 - 2020
Tr.&Tobago 26481 106 1990 - 2020
Ivory Coast 26412 107 1990 - 2020
Somalia 26272 108 1990 - 2020
Bosnia & Herz. 26053 109 1990 - 2020
Zimbabwe 25988 110 1990 - 2020
Yemen 24391 111 1990 - 2020
Croatia 21379 112 1990 - 2020
Honduras 21147 113 1990 - 2020
C.A. Republic 21016 114 1990 - 2020
Lithuania 19785 115 1990 - 2020
R. of Congo 19422 116 1990 - 2020
Nicaragua 18449 117 1990 - 2020
Papua N.G. 18398 118 1990 - 2020
Tajikistan 17692 119 1990 - 2020
Georgia 17669 120 1990 - 2020
Panama 17231 121 1990 - 2020
Benin 16191 122 1990 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan 16094 123 1990 - 2020
Slovenia 15287 124 1990 - 2020
Gabon 14849 125 1990 - 2020
Costa Rica 14405 126 1990 - 2020
Mauritania 14056 127 1990 - 2020
Namibia 13560 128 1991 - 2020
Moldova 12986 129 1990 - 2020
Botswana 12375 130 1990 - 2020
Malawi 11982 131 1990 - 2020
Brunei 11914 132 1990 - 2020
Latvia 11437 133 1990 - 2020
El Salvador 11064 134 1990 - 2020
Armenia 10422 135 1990 - 2020
Haiti 10267 136 1990 - 2020
Estonia 10199 137 1990 - 2020
North Macedonia 9769 138 1990 - 2020
Eq. Guinea 9543 139 1990 - 2020
Luxembourg 8814 140 1990 - 2020
Togo 8395 141 1990 - 2020
Albania 8304 142 1990 - 2020
Cyprus 8109 143 1990 - 2020
Jamaica 7433 144 1990 - 2020
Mauritius 6436 145 1990 - 2020
Rwanda 6330 146 1990 - 2020
Eritrea 6242 147 1990 - 2020
Sierra Leone 5952 148 1990 - 2020
Guyana 5282 149 1990 - 2020
Suriname 4312 150 1990 - 2020
Burundi 4103 151 1990 - 2020
Lesotho 4014 152 1990 - 2020
Montenegro 3764 153 1990 - 2020
Barbados 3656 154 1990 - 2020
Swaziland 3001 155 1990 - 2020
Bahamas 2801 156 1990 - 2020
Iceland 2653 157 1990 - 2020
G.-Bissau 2547 158 1990 - 2020
Gambia 2453 159 1990 - 2020
Grenada 2397 160 1990 - 2020
Liberia 2155 161 1990 - 2020
Malta 2082 162 1990 - 2020
Maldives 1995 163 1990 - 2020
Fiji 1764 164 1990 - 2020
Bhutan 1631 165 1990 - 2020
Belize 1573 166 1990 - 2020
Djibouti 1395 167 1990 - 2020
Ant.& Barb. 1204 168 1990 - 2020
Saint Lucia 851 169 1990 - 2020
Solomon Isl. 835 170 1990 - 2020
Cape Verde 792 171 1990 - 2020
Seychelles 770 172 1990 - 2020
Comoros 620 173 1990 - 2020
Vanuatu 589 174 1990 - 2020
Andorra 578 175 1990 - 2020
Samoa 539 176 1990 - 2020
St. Vincent & ... 302 177 1990 - 2020
Tonga 268 178 1990 - 2020
Dominica 231 179 1990 - 2020
Palau 196 180 1990 - 2020
Micronesia 194 181 1990 - 2020
S.T.&Principe 180 182 1990 - 2020
Liechtenstein 158 183 1990 - 2020
Kiribati 89 184 1990 - 2020
Tuvalu 22 185 1990 - 2020



Definition: Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and savanna burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

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