* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Government accountability, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 171 countries was 0.578 index points. The highest value was in Denmark: 2.032 index points and the lowest value was in North Korea: -1.57 index points. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem)
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Government accountability, 2022 Global rank Available data
Denmark 2.032 1 1960 - 2022
Norway 1.9 2 1960 - 2022
Sweden 1.887 3 1960 - 2022
Switzerland 1.832 4 1960 - 2022
Estonia 1.816 5 1990 - 2022
Ireland 1.799 6 1960 - 2022
Australia 1.798 7 1960 - 2022
Germany 1.795 8 1960 - 2022
Belgium 1.746 9 1960 - 2022
Finland 1.741 10 1960 - 2022
New Zealand 1.741 11 1960 - 2022
Luxembourg 1.726 12 1960 - 2022
Netherlands 1.707 13 1960 - 2022
Italy 1.679 14 1960 - 2022
France 1.656 15 1960 - 2022
Spain 1.649 16 1960 - 2022
Chile 1.634 17 1960 - 2022
UK 1.595 18 1960 - 2022
Czechia 1.583 19 1960 - 2022
USA 1.583 20 1960 - 2022
Slovakia 1.576 21 1993 - 2022
Latvia 1.539 22 1990 - 2022
Taiwan 1.527 23 1960 - 2022
Portugal 1.509 24 1960 - 2022
Japan 1.508 25 1960 - 2022
Canada 1.503 26 1960 - 2022
Lithuania 1.491 27 1990 - 2022
Jamaica 1.487 28 1960 - 2022
South Korea 1.478 29 1960 - 2022
Iceland 1.434 30 1960 - 2022
Tr.&Tobago 1.425 31 1960 - 2022
Slovenia 1.422 32 1989 - 2022
Uruguay 1.422 33 1960 - 2022
Argentina 1.42 34 1960 - 2022
Suriname 1.415 35 1960 - 2022
Vanuatu 1.407 36 1960 - 2022
Cape Verde 1.36 37 1960 - 2022
Greece 1.359 38 1960 - 2022
Austria 1.356 39 1960 - 2022
Israel 1.35 40 1960 - 2022
Barbados 1.344 41 1960 - 2022
Seychelles 1.31 42 1960 - 2022
Peru 1.306 43 1960 - 2022
Croatia 1.301 44 1991 - 2022
Bulgaria 1.288 45 1960 - 2022
Moldova 1.278 46 1990 - 2022
Cyprus 1.262 47 1960 - 2022
Malta 1.243 48 1960 - 2022
Panama 1.215 49 1960 - 2022
South Africa 1.195 50 1960 - 2022
Malawi 1.184 51 1960 - 2022
S.T.&Principe 1.144 52 1960 - 2022
Senegal 1.131 53 1960 - 2022
Lesotho 1.128 54 1960 - 2022
Colombia 1.123 55 1960 - 2022
Nepal 1.121 56 1960 - 2022
Brazil 1.102 57 1960 - 2022
Ghana 1.096 58 1960 - 2022
Georgia 1.093 59 1990 - 2022
Domin. Rep. 1.088 60 1960 - 2022
Gambia 1.067 61 1960 - 2022
Romania 1.063 62 1960 - 2022
Liberia 1.051 63 1960 - 2022
Ecuador 1.048 64 1960 - 2022
Zambia 1.007 65 1960 - 2022
Armenia 0.987 66 1990 - 2022
Namibia 0.979 67 1960 - 2022
Kenya 0.975 68 1960 - 2022
Solomon Isl. 0.958 69 1960 - 2022
Indonesia 0.949 70 1960 - 2022
Honduras 0.913 71 1960 - 2022
Sierra Leone 0.912 72 1960 - 2022
Mauritius 0.891 73 1960 - 2022
Papua N.G. 0.889 74 1960 - 2022
Botswana 0.87 75 1960 - 2022
Bhutan 0.861 76 1960 - 2022
Burkina Faso 0.844 77 1960 - 2022
Maldives 0.841 78 1960 - 2022
Paraguay 0.838 79 1960 - 2022
Mongolia 0.818 80 1960 - 2022
Mexico 0.807 81 1960 - 2022
Montenegro 0.795 82 1998 - 2022
Poland 0.785 83 1960 - 2022
Albania 0.774 84 1960 - 2022
Guyana 0.774 85 1960 - 2022
Bosnia & Herz. 0.763 86 1992 - 2022
North Macedonia 0.762 87 1991 - 2022
Nigeria 0.731 88 1960 - 2022
Niger 0.717 89 1960 - 2022
Tunisia 0.705 90 1960 - 2022
Sri Lanka 0.699 91 1960 - 2022
Bolivia 0.656 92 1960 - 2022
Tanzania 0.631 93 1960 - 2022
Madagascar 0.63 94 1960 - 2022
Kuwait 0.599 95 1960 - 2022
Philippines 0.593 96 1960 - 2022
G.-Bissau 0.559 97 1960 - 2022
Benin 0.529 98 1960 - 2022
Malaysia 0.517 99 1960 - 2022
Pakistan 0.513 100 1960 - 2022
Lebanon 0.486 101 1960 - 2022
Hungary 0.485 102 1960 - 2022
India 0.478 103 1960 - 2022
Ukraine 0.456 104 1990 - 2022
Fiji 0.443 105 1960 - 2022
Haiti 0.438 106 1960 - 2022
Jordan 0.435 107 1960 - 2022
Guatemala 0.393 108 1960 - 2022
Morocco 0.393 109 1960 - 2022
Ivory Coast 0.39 110 1960 - 2022
Serbia 0.365 111 1960 - 2022
Mauritania 0.363 112 1960 - 2022
Iraq 0.346 113 1960 - 2022
Singapore 0.338 114 1960 - 2022
Togo 0.329 115 1960 - 2022
Mozambique 0.32 116 1960 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 0.297 117 1990 - 2022
Libya 0.258 118 1960 - 2022
Mali 0.214 119 1960 - 2022
Gabon 0.201 120 1960 - 2022
C.A. Republic 0.139 121 1960 - 2022
Angola 0.117 122 1960 - 2022
Somalia 0.085 123 1960 - 2022
DR Congo 0.068 124 1960 - 2022
Zimbabwe 0.06 125 1960 - 2022
Uganda 0.04 126 1960 - 2022
Ethiopia 0.037 127 1960 - 2022
Thailand -0.053 128 1960 - 2022
El Salvador -0.054 129 1960 - 2022
Cameroon -0.055 130 1961 - 2022
Kazakhstan -0.11 131 1990 - 2022
Bangladesh -0.125 132 1971 - 2022
Guinea -0.177 133 1960 - 2022
Sudan -0.204 134 1960 - 2022
Algeria -0.207 135 1960 - 2022
Djibouti -0.207 136 1960 - 2022
Comoros -0.245 137 1960 - 2022
Rwanda -0.257 138 1960 - 2022
Oman -0.261 139 1960 - 2022
Turkey -0.286 140 1960 - 2022
Vietnam -0.324 141 1960 - 2022
R. of Congo -0.395 142 1960 - 2022
Iran -0.523 143 1960 - 2022
Uzbekistan -0.555 144 1990 - 2022
Russia -0.604 145 1960 - 2022
Hong Kong -0.613 146 1960 - 2022
Venezuela -0.617 147 1960 - 2022
Cambodia -0.627 148 1960 - 2022
Burundi -0.649 149 1960 - 2022
Egypt -0.652 150 1960 - 2022
Yemen -0.653 151 1960 - 2022
Chad -0.66 152 1960 - 2022
UA Emirates -0.669 153 1971 - 2022
Swaziland -0.673 154 1960 - 2022
Bahrain -0.702 155 1960 - 2022
Qatar -0.82 156 1960 - 2022
Eq. Guinea -0.873 157 1960 - 2022
Azerbaijan -0.898 158 1990 - 2022
Burma -0.915 159 1960 - 2022
Laos -0.929 160 1960 - 2022
Tajikistan -0.933 161 1990 - 2022
Nicaragua -1.042 162 1960 - 2022
Cuba -1.06 163 1960 - 2022
Belarus -1.197 164 1990 - 2022
China -1.199 165 1960 - 2022
Saudi Arabia -1.242 166 1960 - 2022
Turkmenistan -1.263 167 1990 - 2022
Afghanistan -1.279 168 1960 - 2022
Syria -1.372 169 1960 - 2022
Eritrea -1.52 170 1960 - 2022
North Korea -1.57 171 1960 - 2022



Definition: Measures the constraint on government power through requirements for justification for its actions and potential sanctions.

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2.032
1.900
1.887
1.832
1.816
1.799
1.798
1.795
1.746
1.741
1.741
1.726
1.707
1.679
1.656
1.649
1.634
1.595
1.583
1.583
1.576
1.539
1.527
1.509
1.508
1.503
1.491
1.487
1.478
1.434
1.425
1.422
1.422
1.420
1.415
1.407
1.360
1.359
1.356
1.350
1.344
1.310
1.306
1.301
1.288
1.278
1.262
1.243
1.215
1.195
1.184
1.144
1.131
1.128
1.123
1.121
1.102
1.096
1.093
1.088
1.067
1.063
1.051
1.048
1.007
0.987
0.979
0.975
0.958
0.949
0.913
0.912
0.891
0.889
0.870
0.861
0.844
0.841
0.838
0.818
0.807
0.795
0.785
0.774
0.774
0.763
0.762
0.731
0.717
0.705
0.699
0.656
0.631
0.630
0.599
0.593
0.559
0.529
0.517
0.513
0.486
0.485
0.478
0.456
0.443
0.438
0.435
0.393
0.393
0.390
0.365
0.363
0.346
0.338
0.329
0.320
0.297
0.258
0.214
0.201
0.139
0.117
0.085
0.068
0.060
0.040
0.037
-0.053
-0.054
-0.055
-0.110
-0.125
-0.177
-0.204
-0.207
-0.207
-0.245
-0.257
-0.261
-0.286
-0.324
-0.395
-0.523
-0.555
-0.604
-0.613
-0.617
-0.627
-0.649
-0.652
-0.653
-0.660
-0.669
-0.673
-0.702
-0.820
-0.873
-0.898
-0.915
-0.929
-0.933
-1.042
-1.060
-1.197
-1.199
-1.242
-1.263
-1.279
-1.372
-1.520
-1.570
-1.57
-0.7
0.2
1.1
2.03


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