* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Gini income inequality index, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 30 countries was 31.25 index points. The highest value was in Turkey: 44.4 index points and the lowest value was in Slovakia: 24.1 index points. The indicator is available from 1963 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Gini inequality index, 2021 Global rank Available data
Turkey 44.4 1 2017 - 2021
Bulgaria 39 2 2006 - 2021
Lithuania 36.7 3 2004 - 2021
Italy 34.8 4 1977 - 2021
Portugal 34.6 5 2003 - 2021
Latvia 34.3 6 2004 - 2021
Montenegro 34.3 7 2012 - 2021
Romania 33.9 8 2006 - 2021
Spain 33.9 9 1980 - 2021
Serbia 33.1 10 2012 - 2021
Greece 32.9 11 1995 - 2021
Luxembourg 32.7 12 1985 - 2021
UK 32.4 13 1968 - 2021
Estonia 31.8 14 2003 - 2021
France 31.5 15 1970 - 2021
Cyprus 31.3 16 2004 - 2021
Austria 30.7 17 1994 - 2021
Ireland 30.1 18 1987 - 2021
Sweden 29.8 19 1975 - 2021
Hungary 29.2 20 2004 - 2021
Croatia 28.9 21 2009 - 2021
Poland 28.5 22 2004 - 2021
Denmark 28.3 23 1987 - 2021
Finland 27.7 24 1987 - 2021
Belgium 26.6 25 1985 - 2021
Czechia 26.2 26 1992 - 2021
Moldova 25.7 27 1997 - 2021
Netherlands 25.7 28 1983 - 2021
Slovenia 24.3 29 2004 - 2021
Slovakia 24.1 30 2004 - 2021



Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

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