* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Gini income inequality index, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 11 countries was 34.59 index points. The highest value was in Malaysia: 40.7 index points and the lowest value was in Armenia: 27.9 index points. The indicator is available from 1963 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Gini inequality index, 2021 Global rank Available data
Malaysia 40.7 1 1984 - 2021
Philippines 40.7 2 2000 - 2021
Indonesia 37.9 3 1984 - 2023
Israel 37.9 4 1979 - 2021
Iran 35.5 5 1986 - 2022
Thailand 34.9 6 1981 - 2021
Georgia 34.2 7 1996 - 2021
India 32.8 8 1977 - 2021
Kazakhstan 29.2 9 1996 - 2021
Kyrgyzstan 28.8 10 2000 - 2021
Armenia 27.9 11 1999 - 2022



Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

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