* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

GDP per capita, Purchasing Power Parity, 2020 - Country rankings:

The average for 2020 based on 183 countries was 20205.18 U.S. dollars.The highest value was in Luxembourg: 112557.31 U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Burundi: 731.06 U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1990 to 2020. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries GDP per capita, PPP, 2020 Global rank Available data
Luxembourg 112557.31 1 1990 - 2020
Singapore 93397.05 2 1990 - 2020
Ireland 90789.22 3 1990 - 2020
Qatar 85290.45 4 2000 - 2020
Bermuda 76626.52 5 1990 - 2020
Switzerland 68755.44 6 1990 - 2020
Norway 63548 7 1990 - 2020
UA Emirates 63299.42 8 1990 - 2020
Brunei 62200.88 9 1990 - 2020
USA 59919.82 10 1990 - 2020
Macao 57728.99 11 1990 - 2020
Hong Kong 56153.97 12 1990 - 2020
Denmark 55819.91 13 1990 - 2020
Netherlands 54324.38 14 1990 - 2020
Iceland 52375.68 15 1995 - 2020
Austria 51857.69 16 1990 - 2020
Germany 51423.23 17 1990 - 2020
Sweden 50923.11 18 1990 - 2020
Belgium 48769.73 19 1990 - 2020
Australia 48678.68 20 1990 - 2020
Finland 47154.43 21 1990 - 2020
Canada 46064.25 22 1997 - 2020
Kuwait 44847.05 23 1995 - 2020
Saudi Arabia 44328.18 24 1990 - 2020
Euro area 43913.51 25 1990 - 2020
New Zealand 42774.69 26 1990 - 2020
UK 42675.78 27 1990 - 2020
South Korea 42335.87 28 1990 - 2020
France 42320.52 29 1990 - 2020
Bahrain 41480.58 30 1990 - 2020
Japan 40232.21 31 1990 - 2020
Malta 39979.7 32 1990 - 2020
Italy 39073.41 33 1990 - 2020
Israel 39056.42 34 1995 - 2020
Cyprus 38816.09 35 1990 - 2020
Czechia 38511.27 36 1990 - 2020
Lithuania 37107.06 37 1995 - 2020
Slovenia 37050.55 38 1995 - 2020
Spain 36210.88 39 1990 - 2020
Estonia 35257.16 40 1995 - 2020
Puerto Rico 32551.07 41 1990 - 2020
Poland 32398.71 42 1990 - 2020
Portugal 31961.78 43 1990 - 2020
Hungary 31098.4 44 1991 - 2020
Bahamas 30846.58 45 1990 - 2020
Slovakia 30509.77 46 1992 - 2020
Latvia 30100.27 47 1995 - 2020
Oman 29502.06 48 1990 - 2020
Romania 28870.93 49 1990 - 2020
Turkey 28393.47 50 1990 - 2020
Croatia 27076.98 51 1995 - 2020
Greece 27072.62 52 1990 - 2020
Malaysia 26471.67 53 1990 - 2020
Russia 26456.39 54 1990 - 2020
Panama 25389.81 55 1990 - 2020
Kazakhstan 25363.17 56 1990 - 2020
Seychelles 24427.71 57 1990 - 2020
Tr.&Tobago 23722.48 58 1990 - 2020
Chile 23324.53 59 1990 - 2020
Bulgaria 22379.09 60 1990 - 2020
Uruguay 21608.43 61 1990 - 2020
Costa Rica 19903.14 62 1990 - 2020
Argentina 19690.66 63 1990 - 2020
Mauritius 19462.93 64 1990 - 2020
Belarus 19186.78 65 1990 - 2020
Guyana 18679.96 66 1990 - 2020
Montenegro 18258.95 67 1997 - 2020
Serbia 18255.05 68 1995 - 2020
Mexico 17852.36 69 1990 - 2020
Ant.& Barb. 17293.3 70 1990 - 2020
Thailand 17284.7 71 1990 - 2020
Eq. Guinea 17007.63 72 1990 - 2020
Domin. Rep. 17003.01 73 1990 - 2020
China 16315.82 74 1990 - 2020
North Macedonia 15931.36 75 1990 - 2020
Suriname 15864.55 76 1990 - 2020
Palau 15473.25 77 2000 - 2020
Botswana 14654.65 78 1990 - 2020
Bosnia & Herz. 14509.27 79 1994 - 2020
Grenada 14488.53 80 1990 - 2020
Gabon 14320.84 81 1990 - 2020
Brazil 14063.98 82 1990 - 2020
Georgia 13966.33 83 1990 - 2020
Azerbaijan 13726.77 84 1990 - 2020
Colombia 13448.93 85 1990 - 2020
Albania 13191.95 86 1990 - 2020
Maldives 12744.43 87 1995 - 2020
South Africa 12665.83 88 1990 - 2020
Barbados 12655.4 89 1990 - 2020
Iran 12644.45 90 1990 - 2020
Armenia 12619.89 91 1990 - 2020
Sri Lanka 12536.94 92 1990 - 2020
Paraguay 12389.59 93 1990 - 2020
Ukraine 12375.92 94 1990 - 2020
Moldova 12324.39 95 1995 - 2020
Saint Lucia 12048.93 96 1990 - 2020
St. Vincent & ... 12044.37 97 1990 - 2020
Egypt 11951.45 98 1990 - 2020
Mongolia 11723.87 99 1990 - 2020
Lebanon 11488.42 100 1990 - 2020
Fiji 11450.75 101 1990 - 2020
Indonesia 11444.96 102 1990 - 2020
Peru 11260.85 103 1990 - 2020
Algeria 10735.38 104 1990 - 2020
Bhutan 10551.45 105 1990 - 2020
Ecuador 10329.2 106 1990 - 2020
Dominica 10288.87 107 1990 - 2020
Libya 10282.29 108 1999 - 2020
Tunisia 10260.07 109 1990 - 2020
Jordan 9816.55 110 1990 - 2020
Iraq 9012.38 111 1990 - 2020
Namibia 8814.59 112 1990 - 2020
Jamaica 8761.02 113 1990 - 2020
Swaziland 8404.73 114 1990 - 2020
Guatemala 8393.28 115 1990 - 2020
Vietnam 8200.33 116 1990 - 2020
El Salvador 7982.63 117 1990 - 2020
Philippines 7953.58 118 1990 - 2020
Bolivia 7845.17 119 1990 - 2020
Laos 7810.73 120 1990 - 2020
Uzbekistan 7331.86 121 1990 - 2020
Morocco 6986.28 122 1990 - 2020
Samoa 6416.78 123 1990 - 2020
Tonga 6347 124 1990 - 2020
India 6165.75 125 1990 - 2020
Belize 6121.84 126 1990 - 2020
Angola 6110.27 127 1990 - 2020
Cape Verde 6045.06 128 1990 - 2020
Djibouti 5481.11 129 2013 - 2020
Ghana 5445.73 130 1990 - 2020
Palestine 5394.07 131 1994 - 2020
Nicaragua 5280.1 132 1990 - 2020
Ivory Coast 5181.31 133 1990 - 2020
Honduras 5138.39 134 1990 - 2020
Mauritania 5109.81 135 1990 - 2020
Nigeria 4916.72 136 1990 - 2020
Bangladesh 4871.45 137 1990 - 2020
Burma 4857.39 138 1990 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan 4714.94 139 1990 - 2020
Pakistan 4562.62 140 1990 - 2020
Tuvalu 4411 141 1990 - 2020
Kenya 4339.86 142 1990 - 2020
Cambodia 4191.57 143 1993 - 2020
Papua N.G. 4063.73 144 1990 - 2020
S.T.&Principe 4051.6 145 2001 - 2020
Sudan 3927.04 146 1990 - 2020
Nepal 3800.07 147 1990 - 2020
Cameroon 3666.41 148 1990 - 2020
Tajikistan 3657.57 149 1990 - 2020
R. of Congo 3433.96 150 1990 - 2020
Micronesia 3368.55 151 1990 - 2020
Zimbabwe 3353.41 152 1990 - 2020
Benin 3323.14 153 1990 - 2020
Senegal 3320.68 154 1990 - 2020
Zambia 3277.82 155 1990 - 2020
Comoros 2989.17 156 1990 - 2020
Haiti 2934.25 157 1990 - 2020
Vanuatu 2854.29 158 1990 - 2020
Guinea 2670.82 159 1990 - 2020
Tanzania 2635.36 160 1990 - 2020
Solomon Isl. 2482.87 161 1990 - 2020
Lesotho 2316.99 162 1990 - 2020
Ethiopia 2296.83 163 1990 - 2020
Kiribati 2259.5 164 1990 - 2020
Mali 2225.89 165 1990 - 2020
Uganda 2175.03 166 1990 - 2020
Gambia 2156.75 167 1990 - 2020
Burkina Faso 2155.77 168 1990 - 2020
Togo 2107.88 169 1990 - 2020
Rwanda 2098.71 170 1990 - 2020
Afghanistan 1970.56 171 2002 - 2020
G.-Bissau 1847.47 172 1990 - 2020
Sierra Leone 1637.3 173 1990 - 2020
Chad 1519.04 174 1990 - 2020
Malawi 1508.84 175 1990 - 2020
Madagascar 1463.86 176 1990 - 2020
Liberia 1392 177 2000 - 2020
Mozambique 1229.94 178 1990 - 2020
Niger 1221.27 179 1990 - 2020
Somalia 1180.97 180 2013 - 2020
DR Congo 1082.45 181 1990 - 2020
C.A. Republic 936.29 182 1990 - 2020
Burundi 731.06 183 1990 - 2020


Definition: GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2011 international dollars.
Is the world income inequality getting smaller?

If poor countries grow faster than rich countries, over time they will catch up in terms of their level of income measured by GDP per capita in PPP terms. This process is called income convergence. Alternatively, incomes would diverge if the rich countries grow more rapidly than poor countries. If economic growth is the same everywhere, then the differences in income across countries would remain the same. There are two main reasons for why incomes across countries might converge over time.

Technology spillover. One reason is that innovations and technologies that are developed in the rich countries soon become available in the poor countries. That happens, for example, through foreign direct investment as companies from the rich countries bring new technologies to the poor countries. When the same technology is available everywhere, then incomes would also tend to become equal over time because technology is an important ingredient of economic development.

Based on that argument, incomes would converge faster if a poor country is ready to use the advanced technology. If it has an educated work force and stable political and economic conditions, the technological spillover is more likely to occur. Conversely, if its education system and institutions are not well developed, the new technology cannot be adopted. The income of the country will lag behind the income of countries with better education and institutions.

Diminishing returns. The second reason is that investments in the rich countries are less profitable than investments in the poor countries. Think of it as follows. If an accounting firm (in a rich country) has 10 computers, one more computer will make little difference. If an accounting firm (in a poor country) has no computers at all, then buying one computer would make a big difference. The investment in that first computer would pay off handsomely. Therefore, international investment would flow primarily from the rich countries to the poor countries where profits are greater. This inflow of investment will make poor countries richer.

However, returns could also be increasing, instead of diminishing. In the example above, if the firm has many computers and much experience using them, an additional computer will be put to good use. If it has only one computer, then it may not know what to do with it. In that version of the story, adding investments to already rich firms or countries is more profitable. Then, investment flows to them and makes them even richer. Incomes around the world diverge instead of converging.

What is the evidence? There is income convergence across countries that are already fairly affluent. For example, incomes have converged significantly in the European Union and other rich countries in North America and elsewhere. Looking more broadly, there is no evidence that the incomes of poor countries in Africa, Latin America and elsewhere have gained relative to the rich countries. In fact, when it comes to the poorest countries, there has even been some income divergence.

112557.31
93397.05
90789.22
85290.45
76626.52
68755.44
63548.00
63299.42
62200.88
59919.82
57728.99
56153.97
55819.91
54324.38
52375.68
51857.69
51423.23
50923.11
48769.73
48678.68
47154.43
46064.25
44847.05
44328.18
43913.51
42774.69
42675.78
42335.87
42320.52
41480.58
40232.21
39979.70
39073.41
39056.42
38816.09
38511.27
37107.06
37050.55
36210.88
35257.16
32551.07
32398.71
31961.78
31098.40
30846.58
30509.77
30100.27
29502.06
28870.93
28393.47
27076.98
27072.62
26471.67
26456.39
25389.81
25363.17
24427.71
23722.48
23324.53
22379.09
21608.43
19903.14
19690.66
19462.93
19186.78
18679.96
18258.95
18255.05
17852.36
17293.30
17284.70
17007.63
17003.01
16315.82
15931.36
15864.55
15473.25
14654.65
14509.27
14488.53
14320.84
14063.98
13966.33
13726.77
13448.93
13191.95
12744.43
12665.83
12655.40
12644.45
12619.89
12536.94
12389.59
12375.92
12324.39
12048.93
12044.37
11951.45
11723.87
11488.42
11450.75
11444.96
11260.85
10735.38
10551.45
10329.20
10288.87
10282.29
10260.07
9816.55
9012.38
8814.59
8761.02
8404.73
8393.28
8200.33
7982.63
7953.58
7845.17
7810.73
7331.86
6986.28
6416.78
6347.00
6165.75
6121.84
6110.27
6045.06
5481.11
5445.73
5394.07
5280.10
5181.31
5138.39
5109.81
4916.72
4871.45
4857.39
4714.94
4562.62
4411.00
4339.86
4191.57
4063.73
4051.60
3927.04
3800.07
3666.41
3657.57
3433.96
3368.55
3353.41
3323.14
3320.68
3277.82
2989.17
2934.25
2854.29
2670.82
2635.36
2482.87
2316.99
2296.83
2259.50
2225.89
2175.03
2156.75
2155.77
2107.88
2098.71
1970.56
1847.47
1637.30
1519.04
1508.84
1463.86
1392.00
1229.94
1221.27
1180.97
1082.45
936.29
731.06
0
28139.3
56278.7
84418
112557.31
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