* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Fragile state index, 0 (low) - 120 (high), 2023:

The average for 2023 based on 47 countries was 84.07 index points. The highest value was in Somalia: 111.9 index points and the lowest value was in Mauritius: 38 index points. The indicator is available from 2007 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: Fund for Peace
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Fragile state index, 2023 Global rank Available data
Somalia 111.9 1 2007 - 2023
DR Congo 107.2 2 2007 - 2023
Sudan 106.2 3 2007 - 2023
C.A. Republic 105.7 4 2007 - 2023
Chad 104.6 5 2007 - 2023
Ethiopia 100.4 6 2007 - 2023
Mali 99.5 7 2007 - 2023
Guinea 98.5 8 2007 - 2023
Nigeria 98 9 2007 - 2023
Zimbabwe 96.9 10 2007 - 2023
Eritrea 94.5 11 2007 - 2023
Burundi 94.2 12 2007 - 2023
Burkina Faso 94 13 2007 - 2023
Cameroon 94 14 2007 - 2023
Mozambique 94 15 2007 - 2023
Niger 93.4 16 2007 - 2023
Uganda 91.5 17 2007 - 2023
R. of Congo 90.7 18 2007 - 2023
G.-Bissau 89.9 19 2007 - 2023
Liberia 88.9 20 2007 - 2023
Kenya 87.8 21 2007 - 2023
Ivory Coast 87.1 22 2007 - 2023
Mauritania 87 23 2007 - 2023
Angola 86.9 24 2007 - 2023
Eq. Guinea 84.4 25 2007 - 2023
Malawi 83.2 26 2007 - 2023
Rwanda 82.3 27 2007 - 2023
Comoros 82.2 28 2007 - 2023
Togo 82.1 29 2007 - 2023
Zambia 81.8 30 2007 - 2023
Madagascar 81.7 31 2007 - 2023
Sierra Leone 81.4 32 2007 - 2023
Swaziland 79.1 33 2007 - 2023
Tanzania 76.6 34 2007 - 2023
Lesotho 76.3 35 2007 - 2023
Gambia 76.1 36 2007 - 2023
Benin 73.3 37 2007 - 2023
South Africa 72 38 2007 - 2023
Senegal 71.5 39 2007 - 2023
S.T.&Principe 69.7 40 2007 - 2023
Gabon 65.5 41 2007 - 2023
Ghana 62.3 42 2007 - 2023
Namibia 60.3 43 2007 - 2023
Cape Verde 60.1 44 2007 - 2023
Botswana 55.3 45 2007 - 2023
Seychelles 53.3 46 2007 - 2023
Mauritius 38 47 2007 - 2023



Definition: The Fragile States Index measures the vulnerability in pre-conflict, active conflict and post-conflict situations. The index comprises twelve conflict risk indicators that are used to measure the condition of a state at any given moment: security apparatus, factionalized elites, group grievance, economic decline, uneven economic development, human flight and brain drain, state legitimacy, public services, human rights and rule of law, demographic pressures, refugees and IDPs, and external intervention. The higher the value of the index, the more "fragile" the country is.

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111.90
107.20
106.20
105.70
104.60
100.40
99.50
98.50
98.00
96.90
94.50
94.20
94.00
94.00
94.00
93.40
91.50
90.70
89.90
88.90
87.80
87.10
87.00
86.90
84.40
83.20
82.30
82.20
82.10
81.80
81.70
81.40
79.10
76.60
76.30
76.10
73.30
72.00
71.50
69.70
65.50
62.30
60.30
60.10
55.30
53.30
38.00
0
28
56
83.9
111.9


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