* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Fertilizer use, kg per hectare of arable land, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 184 countries was 161.5 kg per hectare of arable land. The highest value was in Malaysia: 2146.3 kg per hectare of arable land and the lowest value was in Kiribati: 0 kg per hectare of arable land. The indicator is available from 1961 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: kg per hectare of arable land; Source: FAO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Fertilizer use, 2021 Global rank Available data
Malaysia 2146.3 1 1961 - 2021
Ireland 1637.1 2 1961 - 2021
New Zealand 1445 3 1961 - 2021
Bahrain 1395.9 4 1972 - 2021
Kuwait 1208.1 5 1977 - 2021
UA Emirates 626.8 6 1972 - 2021
Colombia 615.3 7 1961 - 2021
Costa Rica 595.8 8 1961 - 2021
Egypt 542.6 9 1961 - 2021
Seychelles 542.5 10 1982 - 2021
Vietnam 427.6 11 1961 - 2021
Bangladesh 384.2 12 1961 - 2021
Belize 378.1 13 1961 - 2021
China 374.8 14 1961 - 2021
Palestine 372 15 2002 - 2021
Brazil 369.5 16 1961 - 2021
Ecuador 367.8 17 1961 - 2021
Chile 359.1 18 1961 - 2021
Tr.&Tobago 354.5 19 1961 - 2021
Oman 328.8 20 1973 - 2021
Montenegro 312 21 2006 - 2021
St. Vincent & ... 301.7 22 1961 - 2021
Uzbekistan 296.8 23 1992 - 2021
South Korea 281.5 24 1961 - 2021
Indonesia 279.2 25 1961 - 2021
Netherlands 274.4 26 1961 - 2021
Belgium 265.7 27 1961 - 2021
Israel 265.4 28 1961 - 2021
N. Caledonia 248.9 29 1975 - 2021
Slovenia 246.4 30 1992 - 2021
Turkmenistan 241.9 31 1992 - 2021
UK 240.9 32 1961 - 2021
Qatar 240.2 33 1975 - 2021
Bermuda 239.5 34 1976 - 2021
Philippines 232 35 1961 - 2021
Luxembourg 227 36 2002 - 2021
Guatemala 219.3 37 1961 - 2021
Japan 217 38 1961 - 2021
Uruguay 211.1 39 1961 - 2021
Norway 208.5 40 1961 - 2021
Croatia 208.1 41 1992 - 2021
Armenia 203.7 42 1992 - 2021
Saint Lucia 199.8 43 1961 - 2021
India 193.2 44 1961 - 2021
Honduras 191.1 45 1961 - 2021
Mauritius 186.5 46 1961 - 2021
Brunei 177.3 47 1980 - 2021
Switzerland 177.2 48 1961 - 2021
Portugal 175.8 49 1961 - 2021
Suriname 175.5 50 1961 - 2021
Belarus 169.4 51 1992 - 2021
Domin. Rep. 162.2 52 1961 - 2021
Hungary 161.8 53 1961 - 2021
Spain 161.1 54 1961 - 2021
Pakistan 157.3 55 1961 - 2021
Poland 156.1 56 1961 - 2021
Cyprus 155.4 57 1961 - 2021
Sri Lanka 153.9 58 1961 - 2021
France 153.3 59 1961 - 2021
Greece 150 60 1961 - 2021
Malta 148.7 61 1961 - 2021
Czechia 148.6 62 1993 - 2021
Lebanon 146.3 63 1961 - 2021
Singapore 140.9 64 1961 - 2021
Iceland 139.9 65 1961 - 2021
Paraguay 139.9 66 1961 - 2021
Lithuania 139.7 67 1992 - 2021
Thailand 139.4 68 1961 - 2021
Jordan 138.9 69 1961 - 2021
Slovakia 134.5 70 1993 - 2021
Italy 133.2 71 1961 - 2021
Denmark 132.6 72 1961 - 2021
Bulgaria 131.1 73 1961 - 2021
Germany 130.1 74 1961 - 2021
Turkey 129.5 75 1961 - 2021
USA 128.7 76 1961 - 2021
Austria 128.6 77 1961 - 2021
Canada 126.1 78 1961 - 2021
Panama 123.9 79 1961 - 2021
Sweden 117.1 80 1961 - 2021
Latvia 111.8 81 1992 - 2021
Peru 111.8 82 1961 - 2021
Maldives 110.1 83 2002 - 2021
Mexico 109.3 84 1961 - 2021
Papua N.G. 107.9 85 1961 - 2021
Romania 107.4 86 1961 - 2021
Azerbaijan 105.6 87 1992 - 2021
South Africa 104.6 88 1961 - 2021
Estonia 103.5 89 1992 - 2021
Bahamas 102.3 90 1966 - 2021
Finland 98.1 91 1961 - 2021
Nepal 97.8 92 1961 - 2021
Malawi 96.7 93 1961 - 2021
El Salvador 92.2 94 1961 - 2021
Tajikistan 90.4 95 1992 - 2021
Saudi Arabia 88.7 96 1961 - 2021
Australia 82.6 97 1961 - 2021
Ukraine 78.5 98 1992 - 2021
Fiji 76.2 99 1961 - 2021
Serbia 75 100 2006 - 2021
Dominica 73.1 101 1976 - 2021
Nicaragua 68.7 102 1961 - 2021
Iran 68.3 103 1961 - 2021
Jamaica 65.3 104 1961 - 2021
Grenada 64.6 105 2002 - 2021
Zambia 63.9 106 1961 - 2021
Argentina 62.2 107 1961 - 2021
Bosnia & Herz. 62 108 1995 - 2021
Guyana 60.9 109 1961 - 2021
Kenya 60.7 110 1961 - 2021
Botswana 59.3 111 1961 - 2021
Swaziland 57.8 112 1961 - 2021
Morocco 55.3 113 1961 - 2021
Iraq 55.2 114 1961 - 2021
Laos 50.9 115 1963 - 2021
Venezuela 50.9 116 1961 - 2021
Moldova 50.6 117 1992 - 2021
North Macedonia 50.5 118 1993 - 2021
Cambodia 49.6 119 1961 - 2021
Tunisia 48 120 1961 - 2021
S.T.&Principe 46.6 121 2002 - 2021
Ivory Coast 45.9 122 1961 - 2021
Ethiopia 42.1 123 1961 - 2021
Benin 40.7 124 1961 - 2021
Burma 38.7 125 1961 - 2021
Ghana 37.4 126 1961 - 2021
Barbados 37.2 127 1961 - 2021
G.-Bissau 31.7 128 1973 - 2021
Mongolia 31.3 129 1969 - 2021
Mali 28.6 130 1961 - 2021
Palau 28.6 131 2012 - 2021
Gabon 28.3 132 1972 - 2021
Zimbabwe 26 133 1961 - 2021
Russia 25.3 134 1992 - 2021
Rwanda 23.9 135 1967 - 2021
Kyrgyzstan 22.6 136 1992 - 2021
Algeria 20.7 137 1961 - 2021
Burundi 19.1 138 1966 - 2021
North Korea 18.9 139 1961 - 2021
Nigeria 18.6 140 1961 - 2021
Eq. Guinea 18.4 141 1961 - 2021
Djibouti 17.2 142 1976 - 2021
Mauritania 15.8 143 1966 - 2021
Libya 14.7 144 1961 - 2021
Bhutan 14.3 145 1974 - 2021
Cameroon 13.4 146 1961 - 2021
Mozambique 12.3 147 1961 - 2021
Burkina Faso 11.9 148 1961 - 2021
Tonga 11.3 149 1982 - 2021
Yemen 10.6 150 1966 - 2021
Bolivia 10.4 151 1961 - 2021
Solomon Isl. 10.3 152 2015 - 2021
R. of Congo 9.7 153 1961 - 2021
Tanzania 9.3 154 1961 - 2021
Senegal 8.8 155 1961 - 2021
Ant.& Barb. 8.3 156 2002 - 2021
Lesotho 8.3 157 1961 - 2021
Haiti 7.4 158 1961 - 2021
Sudan 7.1 159 1961 - 2021
Guinea 6.9 160 1961 - 2021
Angola 5.6 161 1961 - 2021
Liberia 5.6 162 1961 - 2021
Cape Verde 5.4 163 1973 - 2021
Afghanistan 5.2 164 1961 - 2021
Kazakhstan 4.4 165 1992 - 2021
Aruba 3.9 166 2009 - 2021
Syria 3.9 167 1961 - 2021
Samoa 3.8 168 1975 - 2021
Namibia 3.7 169 1998 - 2021
Madagascar 3.3 170 1961 - 2021
Eritrea 3 171 1993 - 2021
Sierra Leone 2.7 172 1961 - 2021
Uganda 2.4 173 1961 - 2021
Chad 2.2 174 1961 - 2021
Gambia 2.2 175 1964 - 2021
DR Congo 2.1 176 1961 - 2021
Togo 2.1 177 1966 - 2021
Comoros 1.9 178 1991 - 2021
Somalia 1.1 179 1961 - 2021
Niger 0.6 180 1964 - 2021
Micronesia 0.5 181 2012 - 2021
C.A. Republic 0.2 182 1961 - 2021
Kiribati 0 183 2012 - 2021
Vanuatu 0 184 2015 - 2021



Definition: Fertilizer consumption measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. For the purpose of data dissemination, FAO has adopted the concept of a calendar year (January to December). Some countries compile fertilizer data on a calendar year basis, while others are on a split-year basis. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

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