* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Public spending on education, percent of GDP, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 27 countries was 5.01 percent. The highest value was in Sweden: 6.68 percent and the lowest value was in Ireland: 2.98 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: UNESCO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Education spending, percent of GDP, 2021 Global rank Available data
Sweden 6.68 1 1979 - 2021
Belgium 6.23 2 1975 - 2021
Denmark 6.04 3 1970 - 2021
Estonia 5.91 4 1995 - 2021
Latvia 5.7 5 1996 - 2021
Finland 5.69 6 1970 - 2021
Slovenia 5.67 7 1995 - 2021
Malta 5.63 8 1971 - 2021
Cyprus 5.62 9 1975 - 2021
France 5.25 10 1970 - 2021
Croatia 5.2 11 2000 - 2021
Netherlands 5.14 12 1970 - 2021
Czechia 5.05 13 1992 - 2021
Hungary 5 14 1991 - 2021
Austria 4.99 15 1970 - 2021
Poland 4.94 16 1991 - 2021
Lithuania 4.84 17 1995 - 2021
Portugal 4.71 18 1973 - 2021
Luxembourg 4.64 19 1970 - 2021
Spain 4.59 20 1970 - 2021
Germany 4.53 21 1993 - 2021
Bulgaria 4.49 22 1980 - 2021
Slovakia 4.4 23 1992 - 2021
Italy 4.13 24 1970 - 2021
Greece 4.06 25 1970 - 2021
Romania 3.25 26 1996 - 2021
Ireland 2.98 27 1971 - 2021



Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Selected articles from our guide:

What factors determine the exchange rates

International lending and sovereign debt

Are trade deficits bad for the economy?

The unholy trinity of international finance

Most commonly used measures of corruption

All articles

This site uses cookies.
Learn more here


OK