* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Public spending on education, percent of GDP, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 32 countries was 3.81 percent. The highest value was in Israel: 7.42 percent and the lowest value was in Sri Lanka: 1.51 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: UNESCO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Education spending, percent of GDP, 2021 Global rank Available data
Israel 7.42 1 1998 - 2021
Bhutan 6.97 2 2000 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 6.53 3 1994 - 2022
Tajikistan 5.54 4 1993 - 2022
Palestine 5.43 5 2010 - 2021
Uzbekistan 5.37 6 2011 - 2022
Macao 5.25 7 1998 - 2021
India 4.64 8 1997 - 2021
Maldives 4.48 9 2000 - 2022
Kazakhstan 4.39 10 1995 - 2022
Malaysia 4.27 11 1971 - 2022
Hong Kong 4 12 1971 - 2022
Nepal 3.96 13 1998 - 2022
UA Emirates 3.9 14 2019 - 2021
Philippines 3.88 15 1980 - 2022
Azerbaijan 3.7 16 1992 - 2022
Georgia 3.64 17 1994 - 2022
Mongolia 3.34 18 1997 - 2022
Japan 3.32 19 1971 - 2021
China 3.3 20 1971 - 2021
Jordan 3.22 21 1970 - 2022
Indonesia 3.05 22 1972 - 2021
Thailand 2.99 23 1971 - 2022
Vietnam 2.95 24 2008 - 2022
Singapore 2.83 25 1971 - 2022
Armenia 2.77 26 1996 - 2022
Bahrain 2.22 27 2006 - 2022
Laos 1.86 28 1992 - 2022
Bangladesh 1.83 29 1979 - 2022
Pakistan 1.69 30 1971 - 2022
Cambodia 1.67 31 1998 - 2021
Sri Lanka 1.51 32 1973 - 2022



Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
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