* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Public spending on education, percent of GDP, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 40 countries was 4.36 percent. The highest value was in Namibia: 10.03 percent and the lowest value was in Mauritania: 1.75 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: UNESCO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Education spending, percent of GDP, 2021 Global rank Available data
Namibia 10.03 1 1999 - 2022
Sierra Leone 9.44 2 2000 - 2022
Lesotho 7.51 3 1971 - 2022
Mozambique 7.03 4 1998 - 2021
South Africa 6.56 5 1987 - 2022
Algeria 6.3 6 1979 - 2021
Cape Verde 6.04 7 1998 - 2021
Seychelles 5.62 8 1970 - 2022
Morocco 5.6 9 1973 - 2022
Rwanda 5.59 10 1977 - 2022
Senegal 5.59 11 1998 - 2022
S.T.&Principe 5.52 12 2002 - 2022
Swaziland 5.29 13 1976 - 2022
Burkina Faso 5.22 14 1978 - 2022
Burundi 4.87 15 1979 - 2021
Mauritius 4.67 16 1977 - 2022
Kenya 4.59 17 1971 - 2022
Mali 4.36 18 1978 - 2022
Togo 4.23 19 1970 - 2022
Ethiopia 4.07 20 1982 - 2022
Niger 3.82 21 1971 - 2022
R. of Congo 3.67 22 1970 - 2022
Ghana 3.42 23 1971 - 2022
Ivory Coast 3.37 24 1970 - 2022
Madagascar 3.2 25 1972 - 2022
Benin 3.19 26 1998 - 2022
Tanzania 3.12 27 1989 - 2022
Zambia 3.11 28 1970 - 2022
Gambia 2.94 29 1985 - 2022
Chad 2.89 30 1997 - 2022
Cameroon 2.83 31 1971 - 2022
Gabon 2.7 32 1992 - 2022
DR Congo 2.66 33 1980 - 2022
Uganda 2.64 34 1971 - 2022
Liberia 2.53 35 2008 - 2022
Angola 2.3 36 1985 - 2022
Comoros 2.27 37 1998 - 2022
Guinea 2.04 38 1991 - 2022
C.A. Republic 1.87 39 1978 - 2022
Mauritania 1.75 40 1997 - 2022



Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
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