* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Cereal yield, kg per hectar, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 45 countries was 1641 kg per hectar. The highest value was in Mauritius: 8641 kg per hectar and the lowest value was in Cape Verde: 16 kg per hectar. The indicator is available from 1961 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: kg per hectar; Source: FAO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Cereal crop yield by hectar, 2021 Global rank Available data
Mauritius 8641 1 1961 - 2021
South Africa 5125 2 1961 - 2021
Ethiopia 2788 3 1961 - 2021
Madagascar 2675 4 1961 - 2021
Zambia 2525 5 1961 - 2021
Uganda 2456 6 1961 - 2021
Malawi 2441 7 1961 - 2021
Ghana 2416 8 1961 - 2021
Ivory Coast 2294 9 1961 - 2021
Mauritania 2046 10 1961 - 2021
S.T.&Principe 2007 11 1961 - 2021
Sierra Leone 2000 12 1961 - 2021
Senegal 1864 13 1961 - 2021
Cameroon 1669 14 1961 - 2021
Tanzania 1651 15 1961 - 2021
Nigeria 1637 16 1961 - 2021
Gabon 1589 17 1961 - 2021
Zimbabwe 1545 18 1961 - 2021
Rwanda 1505 19 1961 - 2021
Kenya 1488 20 1961 - 2021
Burundi 1482 21 1961 - 2021
Mali 1441 22 1961 - 2021
Swaziland 1432 23 1961 - 2021
Benin 1409 24 1961 - 2021
Comoros 1392 25 1961 - 2021
Guinea 1345 26 1961 - 2021
G.-Bissau 1344 27 1961 - 2021
Burkina Faso 1252 28 1961 - 2021
Togo 1146 29 1961 - 2021
Liberia 1065 30 1961 - 2021
Mozambique 1009 31 1961 - 2021
Botswana 1004 32 1961 - 2021
Angola 1000 33 1961 - 2021
R. of Congo 884 34 1961 - 2021
DR Congo 877 35 1961 - 2021
Chad 814 36 1961 - 2021
C.A. Republic 800 37 1961 - 2021
Lesotho 711 38 1961 - 2021
Eritrea 640 39 1993 - 2021
Sudan 567 40 1961 - 2021
Namibia 517 41 1961 - 2021
Somalia 503 42 1961 - 2021
Gambia 491 43 1961 - 2021
Niger 350 44 1961 - 2021
Cape Verde 16 45 1961 - 2021



Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
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