* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Cereal yield, kg per hectar, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 20 countries was 3777 kg per hectar. The highest value was in Chile: 6491 kg per hectar and the lowest value was in Haiti: 1154 kg per hectar. The indicator is available from 1961 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: kg per hectar; Source: FAO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Cereal crop yield by hectar, 2021 Global rank Available data
Chile 6491 1 1961 - 2021
Uruguay 5499 2 1961 - 2021
Argentina 5193 3 1961 - 2021
Colombia 5160 4 1961 - 2021
Domin. Rep. 4785 5 1961 - 2021
Peru 4687 6 1961 - 2021
Brazil 4479 7 1961 - 2021
Ecuador 4419 8 1961 - 2021
Costa Rica 4310 9 1961 - 2021
Mexico 3879 10 1961 - 2021
Paraguay 3823 11 1961 - 2021
Panama 3519 12 1961 - 2021
Venezuela 3505 13 1961 - 2021
Puerto Rico 2883 14 1961 - 2021
El Salvador 2736 15 1961 - 2021
Bolivia 2502 16 1961 - 2021
Nicaragua 2403 17 1961 - 2021
Guatemala 2218 18 1961 - 2021
Honduras 1900 19 1961 - 2021
Haiti 1154 20 1961 - 2021



Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
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