* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Cereal yield, kg per hectar, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 40 countries was 5175 kg per hectar. The highest value was in Ireland: 8607 kg per hectar and the lowest value was in Cyprus: 1990 kg per hectar. The indicator is available from 1961 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: kg per hectar; Source: FAO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Cereal crop yield by hectar, 2021 Global rank Available data
Ireland 8607 1 1961 - 2021
Belgium 7906 2 2000 - 2021
Netherlands 7872 3 1961 - 2021
France 7171 4 1961 - 2021
Austria 7112 5 1961 - 2021
Croatia 7013 6 1992 - 2021
Germany 6998 7 1961 - 2021
UK 6967 8 1961 - 2021
Slovenia 6865 9 1992 - 2021
Denmark 6355 10 1961 - 2021
Czechia 6113 11 1993 - 2021
Slovakia 5977 12 1993 - 2021
Bulgaria 5950 13 1961 - 2021
Hungary 5920 14 1961 - 2021
Serbia 5769 15 2006 - 2021
Luxembourg 5593 16 2000 - 2021
Italy 5563 17 1961 - 2021
Switzerland 5527 18 1961 - 2021
Ukraine 5453 19 1992 - 2021
Portugal 5380 20 1961 - 2021
Romania 5188 21 1961 - 2021
Albania 5145 22 1961 - 2021
Sweden 5065 23 1961 - 2021
Moldova 4948 24 1992 - 2021
Poland 4563 25 1961 - 2021
Bosnia & Herz. 4422 26 1992 - 2021
Greece 4273 27 1961 - 2021
Spain 4227 28 1961 - 2021
Norway 4180 29 1961 - 2021
Lithuania 3937 30 1992 - 2021
Latvia 3900 31 1992 - 2021
North Macedonia 3538 32 1992 - 2021
Estonia 3502 33 1992 - 2021
Montenegro 3331 34 2006 - 2021
Belarus 3143 35 1992 - 2021
Iceland 3121 36 2015 - 2021
Turkey 2919 37 1961 - 2021
Finland 2777 38 1961 - 2021
Russia 2706 39 1992 - 2021
Cyprus 1990 40 1961 - 2021



Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
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