* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Cereal yield, kg per hectar, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 44 countries was 4467 kg per hectar. The highest value was in the United Arab Emirates: 26226 kg per hectar and the lowest value was in Yemen: 792 kg per hectar. The indicator is available from 1961 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: kg per hectar; Source: FAO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Cereal crop yield by hectar, 2021 Global rank Available data
UA Emirates 26226 1 1977 - 2021
Oman 16461 2 1961 - 2021
Kuwait 11217 3 1968 - 2021
Qatar 8431 4 1971 - 2021
South Korea 6809 5 1961 - 2021
Japan 6787 6 1961 - 2021
China 6320 7 1961 - 2021
Vietnam 5947 8 1961 - 2021
Indonesia 5351 9 1961 - 2021
Saudi Arabia 5022 10 1961 - 2021
Bangladesh 4965 11 1961 - 2021
Uzbekistan 4736 12 1992 - 2021
Sri Lanka 4557 13 1961 - 2021
Laos 4392 14 1961 - 2021
Philippines 3835 15 1961 - 2021
Malaysia 3802 16 1961 - 2021
Burma 3612 17 1961 - 2021
Tajikistan 3610 18 1992 - 2021
Cambodia 3606 19 1961 - 2021
Pakistan 3565 20 1961 - 2021
Israel 3509 21 1961 - 2021
India 3479 22 1961 - 2021
North Korea 3388 23 1961 - 2021
Bhutan 3342 24 1961 - 2021
Azerbaijan 3297 25 1992 - 2021
Nepal 3208 26 1961 - 2021
Thailand 3093 27 1961 - 2021
Brunei 2885 28 1961 - 2021
Georgia 2749 29 1992 - 2021
Iraq 2730 30 1961 - 2021
Kyrgyzstan 2335 31 1992 - 2021
Maldives 2324 32 1961 - 2021
Jordan 2290 33 1961 - 2021
Palestine 2271 34 1994 - 2021
Armenia 2243 35 1992 - 2021
Lebanon 2178 36 1961 - 2021
Afghanistan 2155 37 1961 - 2021
Hong Kong 2060 38 1961 - 2021
Turkmenistan 2034 39 1992 - 2021
Iran 1635 40 1961 - 2021
Mongolia 1420 41 1961 - 2021
Kazakhstan 1049 42 1992 - 2021
Syria 820 43 1961 - 2021
Yemen 792 44 1961 - 2021



Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
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