* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Cereal yield, kg per hectar, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 51 countries was 1743 kg per hectar. The highest value was in Mauritius: 8641 kg per hectar and the lowest value was in Cape Verde: 16 kg per hectar. The indicator is available from 1961 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: kg per hectar; Source: FAO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Cereal crop yield by hectar, 2021 Global rank Available data
Mauritius 8641 1 1961 - 2021
Egypt 7133 2 1961 - 2021
South Africa 5125 3 1961 - 2021
Ethiopia 2788 4 1961 - 2021
Madagascar 2675 5 1961 - 2021
Zambia 2525 6 1961 - 2021
Uganda 2456 7 1961 - 2021
Malawi 2441 8 1961 - 2021
Ghana 2416 9 1961 - 2021
Morocco 2328 10 1961 - 2021
Ivory Coast 2294 11 1961 - 2021
Mauritania 2046 12 1961 - 2021
S.T.&Principe 2007 13 1961 - 2021
Djibouti 2000 14 1981 - 2021
Sierra Leone 2000 15 1961 - 2021
Senegal 1864 16 1961 - 2021
Cameroon 1669 17 1961 - 2021
Tanzania 1651 18 1961 - 2021
Nigeria 1637 19 1961 - 2021
Gabon 1589 20 1961 - 2021
Zimbabwe 1545 21 1961 - 2021
Rwanda 1505 22 1961 - 2021
Kenya 1488 23 1961 - 2021
Burundi 1482 24 1961 - 2021
Tunisia 1454 25 1961 - 2021
Mali 1441 26 1961 - 2021
Algeria 1434 27 1961 - 2021
Swaziland 1432 28 1961 - 2021
Benin 1409 29 1961 - 2021
Comoros 1392 30 1961 - 2021
Guinea 1345 31 1961 - 2021
G.-Bissau 1344 32 1961 - 2021
Burkina Faso 1252 33 1961 - 2021
Togo 1146 34 1961 - 2021
Liberia 1065 35 1961 - 2021
Mozambique 1009 36 1961 - 2021
Botswana 1004 37 1961 - 2021
Angola 1000 38 1961 - 2021
R. of Congo 884 39 1961 - 2021
DR Congo 877 40 1961 - 2021
Chad 814 41 1961 - 2021
C.A. Republic 800 42 1961 - 2021
Lesotho 711 43 1961 - 2021
Libya 673 44 1961 - 2021
Eritrea 640 45 1993 - 2021
Sudan 567 46 1961 - 2021
Namibia 517 47 1961 - 2021
Somalia 503 48 1961 - 2021
Gambia 491 49 1961 - 2021
Niger 350 50 1961 - 2021
Cape Verde 16 51 1961 - 2021



Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
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