* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Capital investment, billion USD, 2020 - Country rankings:

The average for 2020 based on 150 countries was 145.2 billion U.S. dollars.The highest value was in China: 6410.86 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Tonga: 0.12 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2020. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Capital investment, in dollars, 2020 Global rank Available data
China 6410.86 1 1960 - 2020
USA 4419.38 2 1970 - 2020
Japan 1290.05 3 1970 - 2020
Germany 813.48 4 1970 - 2020
India 778.86 5 1960 - 2020
France 626.33 6 1960 - 2020
South Korea 521.85 7 1960 - 2020
UK 460.87 8 1970 - 2020
Canada 366.22 9 1961 - 2020
Russia 355.86 10 1988 - 2020
Indonesia 342.58 11 1967 - 2020
Italy 332.11 12 1970 - 2020
Australia 295.7 13 1960 - 2020
Spain 265.15 14 1970 - 2020
Turkey 229.57 15 1960 - 2020
Brazil 222.56 16 1960 - 2020
Switzerland 213.31 17 1970 - 2020
Mexico 207.34 18 1960 - 2020
Netherlands 198.69 19 1969 - 2020
Saudi Arabia 184.23 20 1968 - 2020
Ireland 174.11 21 1970 - 2020
Sweden 134.19 22 1960 - 2020
Nigeria 127.09 23 1981 - 2020
Belgium 126.09 24 1970 - 2020
Thailand 119.8 25 1960 - 2020
Austria 112.22 26 1970 - 2020
Norway 109.78 27 1970 - 2020
Poland 102.91 28 1995 - 2020
Bangladesh 98.43 29 1960 - 2020
Israel 90.04 30 1970 - 2020
Iran 87.67 31 1960 - 2020
Denmark 81.64 32 1966 - 2020
Singapore 76.91 33 1960 - 2020
Vietnam 73.24 34 1986 - 2020
Malaysia 66.5 35 1960 - 2020
Finland 65.93 36 1970 - 2020
Hong Kong 65.68 37 1960 - 2020
Czechia 63.59 38 1990 - 2020
Qatar 63.32 39 1994 - 2020
Algeria 62.91 40 1960 - 2020
Philippines 62.84 41 1981 - 2020
Romania 60.95 42 1990 - 2020
Argentina 54.58 43 1962 - 2020
Colombia 51.6 44 1960 - 2020
Egypt 50.38 45 1965 - 2020
Chile 50.14 46 1960 - 2020
Kazakhstan 48.79 47 1992 - 2020
New Zealand 47.22 48 1970 - 2020
Portugal 42.86 49 1970 - 2020
Hungary 42.83 50 1991 - 2020
South Africa 42.75 51 1960 - 2020
Pakistan 40.25 52 1960 - 2020
Peru 36 53 1960 - 2020
Ethiopia 33.1 54 1981 - 2020
Morocco 32.64 55 1960 - 2020
Greece 28.32 56 1960 - 2020
Tanzania 25.6 57 1990 - 2020
Burma 23.69 58 2009 - 2020
Uzbekistan 23.01 59 1992 - 2020
Ecuador 22.84 60 1960 - 2020
Sri Lanka 20.36 61 1960 - 2020
Slovakia 20.35 62 1990 - 2020
Domin. Rep. 20.01 63 1960 - 2020
Kenya 19.87 64 1964 - 2020
Belarus 15.83 65 1990 - 2020
Oman 15.35 66 1967 - 2020
Croatia 13.68 67 1995 - 2020
Ivory Coast 13.58 68 1960 - 2020
Ghana 13.36 69 1960 - 2020
Luxembourg 13.13 70 1970 - 2020
Bulgaria 13.1 71 1980 - 2020
Panama 12.99 72 1960 - 2020
Serbia 12.91 73 1995 - 2020
DR Congo 11.99 74 1991 - 2020
Puerto Rico 11.87 75 1960 - 2020
Ukraine 11.69 76 1991 - 2020
Slovenia 10.72 77 1990 - 2020
Azerbaijan 10.35 78 1992 - 2020
Costa Rica 10.24 79 1960 - 2020
Guatemala 10.04 80 1960 - 2020
Angola 9.78 81 1985 - 2020
Nepal 9.56 82 1965 - 2020
Estonia 9.27 83 1993 - 2020
Uruguay 9.12 84 1960 - 2020
Uganda 9.11 85 1960 - 2020
Lithuania 7.62 86 1995 - 2020
Latvia 7.54 87 1995 - 2020
Senegal 7.52 88 1965 - 2020
Cameroon 7.24 89 1965 - 2020
Paraguay 7.19 90 1965 - 2020
Sudan 6.81 91 1960 - 2020
Macao 6.54 92 1982 - 2020
Cambodia 6.44 93 1960 - 2020
Zambia 5.85 94 2010 - 2020
Bolivia 5.79 95 1970 - 2020
Jordan 5.22 96 1976 - 2020
Botswana 4.97 97 1960 - 2020
Brunei 4.87 98 1989 - 2020
Iceland 4.69 99 1970 - 2020
Cyprus 4.64 100 1975 - 2020
Bosnia & Herz. 4.58 101 1995 - 2020
Honduras 4.43 102 1960 - 2020
El Salvador 4.41 103 1965 - 2020
Niger 4.29 104 1960 - 2020
Benin 4.01 105 1960 - 2020
Georgia 3.78 106 1990 - 2020
North Macedonia 3.63 107 1990 - 2020
Palestine 3.63 108 1994 - 2020
Malta 3.43 109 1970 - 2020
Jamaica 3.37 110 1960 - 2020
Mauritania 3.31 111 1961 - 2020
Guinea 3.17 112 1986 - 2020
Gabon 3.05 113 1970 - 2020
Mali 3 114 1967 - 2020
Mongolia 2.98 115 1981 - 2020
Moldova 2.79 116 1995 - 2020
R. of Congo 2.75 117 1960 - 2020
Haiti 2.57 118 1988 - 2020
Rwanda 2.53 119 1960 - 2020
Nicaragua 2.42 120 1960 - 2020
Madagascar 2.38 121 1960 - 2020
Armenia 2.34 122 1990 - 2020
Chad 2.34 123 1960 - 2020
Bahamas 2.24 124 1977 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan 2.24 125 1990 - 2020
Tajikistan 2.03 126 1993 - 2020
Mauritius 1.99 127 1976 - 2020
Togo 1.79 128 1960 - 2020
Lebanon 1.78 129 1990 - 2020
Maldives 1.7 130 2014 - 2020
Namibia 1.53 131 1980 - 2020
Montenegro 1.49 132 2000 - 2020
Zimbabwe 1.35 133 1960 - 2020
Cape Verde 0.87 134 2007 - 2020
Bermuda 0.85 135 2010 - 2020
Ant.& Barb. 0.79 136 1993 - 2020
Bhutan 0.78 137 1980 - 2020
Fiji 0.74 138 1980 - 2020
Gambia 0.62 139 1966 - 2020
C.A. Republic 0.55 140 1960 - 2020
Eq. Guinea 0.53 141 2005 - 2020
Swaziland 0.51 142 1960 - 2020
Sierra Leone 0.49 143 1980 - 2020
Belize 0.36 144 1980 - 2020
Vanuatu 0.36 145 1983 - 2020
Seychelles 0.34 146 1976 - 2020
Burundi 0.32 147 1960 - 2020
G.-Bissau 0.24 148 1970 - 2020
Solomon Isl. 0.13 149 1980 - 2020
Tonga 0.12 150 1975 - 2020


Definition: Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
6410.86
4419.38
1290.05
813.48
778.86
626.33
521.85
460.87
366.22
355.86
342.58
332.11
295.70
265.15
229.57
222.56
213.31
207.34
198.69
184.23
174.11
134.19
127.09
126.09
119.80
112.22
109.78
102.91
98.43
90.04
87.67
81.64
76.91
73.24
66.50
65.93
65.68
63.59
63.32
62.91
62.84
60.95
54.58
51.60
50.38
50.14
48.79
47.22
42.86
42.83
42.75
40.25
36.00
33.10
32.64
28.32
25.60
23.69
23.01
22.84
20.36
20.35
20.01
19.87
15.83
15.35
13.68
13.58
13.36
13.13
13.10
12.99
12.91
11.99
11.87
11.69
10.72
10.35
10.24
10.04
9.78
9.56
9.27
9.12
9.11
7.62
7.54
7.52
7.24
7.19
6.81
6.54
6.44
5.85
5.79
5.22
4.97
4.87
4.69
4.64
4.58
4.43
4.41
4.29
4.01
3.78
3.63
3.63
3.43
3.37
3.31
3.17
3.05
3.00
2.98
2.79
2.75
2.57
2.53
2.42
2.38
2.34
2.34
2.24
2.24
2.03
1.99
1.79
1.78
1.70
1.53
1.49
1.35
0.87
0.85
0.79
0.78
0.74
0.62
0.55
0.53
0.51
0.49
0.36
0.36
0.34
0.32
0.24
0.13
0.12
0
1602.7
3205.4
4808.1
6410.86
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