* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Literacy rate, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 39 countries was 91.79 percent. The highest value was in Ukraine: 100 percent and the lowest value was in Afghanistan: 37.27 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: UNESCO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Literacy rate, 2021 Global rank Available data
Ukraine 100 1 2001 - 2021
Uzbekistan 100 2 2000 - 2022
Russia 99.93 3 1989 - 2021
Latvia 99.89 4 1989 - 2021
Estonia 99.87 5 1989 - 2021
Lithuania 99.83 6 1989 - 2021
Poland 99.8 7 1978 - 2021
Moldova 99.6 8 1989 - 2021
Croatia 99.45 9 1991 - 2021
Tonga 99.4 10 1976 - 2021
Cyprus 99.36 11 1992 - 2021
Hungary 99.1 12 1980 - 2021
Samoa 99.1 13 1991 - 2021
Montenegro 98.98 14 1981 - 2021
Romania 98.9 15 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria 98.42 16 2001 - 2021
Jordan 98.42 17 1979 - 2021
UA Emirates 98.13 18 1975 - 2022
Costa Rica 98.04 19 1984 - 2021
Maldives 97.86 20 1977 - 2021
Brunei 97.59 21 1981 - 2021
Macao 97.11 22 1981 - 2021
Portugal 96.78 23 1981 - 2021
Suriname 95 24 2004 - 2021
Malta 94.94 25 1985 - 2021
Ecuador 94.48 26 1982 - 2022
Thailand 94.1 27 1980 - 2021
Sri Lanka 92.43 28 1981 - 2021
Puerto Rico 92.4 29 1980 - 2021
Namibia 92.25 30 1991 - 2021
Mauritius 92.15 31 1990 - 2021
South Africa 90 32 1980 - 2021
Vanuatu 89.1 33 1979 - 2021
R. of Congo 80.61 34 1984 - 2021
Rwanda 75.9 35 1978 - 2021
Nepal 71.15 36 1981 - 2021
Mauritania 66.96 37 2000 - 2021
Guinea 45.33 38 1996 - 2021
Afghanistan 37.27 39 1979 - 2021



Definition: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life.

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100.00
100.00
99.93
99.89
99.87
99.83
99.80
99.60
99.45
99.40
99.36
99.10
99.10
98.98
98.90
98.42
98.42
98.13
98.04
97.86
97.59
97.11
96.78
95.00
94.94
94.48
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92.43
92.40
92.25
92.15
90.00
89.10
80.61
75.90
71.15
66.96
45.33
37.27
0
25
50
75
100
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