* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Labor force, percent female, 2023:

The average for 2023 based on 27 countries was 46.62 percent. The highest value was in Portugal: 49.87 percent and the lowest value was in Malta: 41.71 percent. The indicator is available from 1991 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Labor force: percent female, 2023 Global rank Available data
Portugal 49.87 1 1991 - 2023
Estonia 49.47 2 1991 - 2023
Latvia 49.44 3 1991 - 2023
Lithuania 49.42 4 1991 - 2023
France 49.03 5 1991 - 2023
Finland 48.45 6 1991 - 2023
Denmark 47.29 7 1991 - 2023
Netherlands 47.24 8 1991 - 2023
Sweden 47.15 9 1991 - 2023
Croatia 47.08 10 1991 - 2023
Slovakia 47.05 11 1991 - 2023
Austria 47.01 12 1991 - 2023
Spain 46.94 13 1991 - 2023
Belgium 46.85 14 1991 - 2023
Ireland 46.77 15 1991 - 2023
Germany 46.68 16 1991 - 2023
Hungary 46.45 17 1991 - 2023
Bulgaria 46.44 18 1991 - 2023
Cyprus 46.28 19 1991 - 2023
Luxembourg 46.14 20 1991 - 2023
Slovenia 45.93 21 1991 - 2023
Poland 45.55 22 1991 - 2023
Greece 44.87 23 1991 - 2023
Czechia 44.1 24 1991 - 2023
Italy 42.78 25 1991 - 2023
Romania 42.77 26 1991 - 2023
Malta 41.71 27 1991 - 2023



Definition: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

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