in the European union Expropriation risk in the European union |
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Expropriation risk in the European union:

The average for 2019 was 1 index points.The highest value was in Hungary: 2 index points and the lowest value was in Austria: 1 index points. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.
Expropriation risk, (1=low, 7=high), 2019
(index points, Source: Credendo Group,

Definition: The risk of expropriation encompasses all discriminatory measures taken by a host government which deprive the investor of its investment without any adequate compensation; for the purpose of analysing the expropriation risk, events of embargo, change of (legal) regime and denial of justice are included.
In order to assess the expropriation risk Credendo not only assesses the risk attached to expropriation as such, but also the functioning of legal institutions in the host country and the probability of a negative change in attitude towards foreign investments.
Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
Expropriation risk around the world
Expropriation risk in Europe
Expropriation risk in Asia
Expropriation risk in Africa
Expropriation risk in North America
Expropriation risk in South America
Expropriation risk in Australia
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