* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Public spending on education, percent of GDP, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 141 countries was 4.42 percent. The highest value was in Kiribati: 15.59 percent and the lowest value was in Monaco: 1.42 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: UNESCO
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Education spending, percent of GDP, 2021 Global rank Available data
Kiribati 15.59 1 1970 - 2021
Namibia 10.03 2 1999 - 2022
Sierra Leone 9.44 3 2000 - 2022
Iceland 7.73 4 1990 - 2021
Lesotho 7.51 5 1971 - 2022
Israel 7.42 6 1998 - 2021
Mozambique 7.03 7 1998 - 2021
Bhutan 6.97 8 2000 - 2022
Sweden 6.68 9 1979 - 2021
South Africa 6.56 10 1987 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 6.53 11 1994 - 2022
Algeria 6.3 12 1979 - 2021
Costa Rica 6.28 13 1980 - 2021
Belgium 6.23 14 1975 - 2021
Cape Verde 6.04 15 1998 - 2021
Denmark 6.04 16 1970 - 2021
Fiji 5.97 17 1979 - 2021
Estonia 5.91 18 1995 - 2021
Belize 5.86 19 1999 - 2022
Moldova 5.82 20 1996 - 2022
Honduras 5.81 21 1978 - 2022
Ukraine 5.74 22 1970 - 2021
Latvia 5.7 23 1996 - 2021
Finland 5.69 24 1970 - 2021
Slovenia 5.67 25 1995 - 2021
Jamaica 5.63 26 1973 - 2022
Malta 5.63 27 1971 - 2021
Cyprus 5.62 28 1975 - 2021
Seychelles 5.62 29 1970 - 2022
Morocco 5.6 30 1973 - 2022
Rwanda 5.59 31 1977 - 2022
Senegal 5.59 32 1998 - 2022
Australia 5.56 33 1978 - 2021
New Zealand 5.54 34 1973 - 2021
Tajikistan 5.54 35 1993 - 2022
S.T.&Principe 5.52 36 2002 - 2022
Dominica 5.47 37 1989 - 2022
Palestine 5.43 38 2010 - 2021
Uzbekistan 5.37 39 2011 - 2022
UK 5.33 40 1971 - 2021
Swaziland 5.29 41 1976 - 2022
France 5.25 42 1970 - 2021
Macao 5.25 43 1998 - 2021
Burkina Faso 5.22 44 1978 - 2022
Croatia 5.2 45 2000 - 2021
Netherlands 5.14 46 1970 - 2021
Czechia 5.05 47 1992 - 2021
Norway 5.04 48 1972 - 2021
Switzerland 5.04 49 1980 - 2021
Hungary 5 50 1991 - 2021
Austria 4.99 51 1970 - 2021
Barbados 4.98 52 1976 - 2022
Poland 4.94 53 1991 - 2021
Tonga 4.93 54 1984 - 2022
Burundi 4.87 55 1979 - 2021
Lithuania 4.84 56 1995 - 2021
Portugal 4.71 57 1973 - 2021
Mauritius 4.67 58 1977 - 2022
Argentina 4.65 59 1970 - 2021
India 4.64 60 1997 - 2021
Luxembourg 4.64 61 1970 - 2021
Belarus 4.61 62 1999 - 2021
Canada 4.59 63 1971 - 2022
Kenya 4.59 64 1971 - 2022
Spain 4.59 65 1970 - 2021
Germany 4.53 66 1993 - 2021
Bulgaria 4.49 67 1980 - 2021
Maldives 4.48 68 2000 - 2022
Uruguay 4.41 69 1979 - 2022
Slovakia 4.4 70 1992 - 2021
Kazakhstan 4.39 71 1995 - 2022
Mali 4.36 72 1978 - 2022
Malaysia 4.27 73 1971 - 2022
Togo 4.23 74 1970 - 2022
Italy 4.13 75 1970 - 2021
Grenada 4.09 76 2003 - 2022
Nicaragua 4.09 77 1970 - 2021
Ethiopia 4.07 78 1982 - 2022
Greece 4.06 79 1970 - 2021
Hong Kong 4 80 1971 - 2022
Peru 3.97 81 1973 - 2022
Nepal 3.96 82 1998 - 2022
UA Emirates 3.9 83 2019 - 2021
Ant.& Barb. 3.88 84 1999 - 2022
Philippines 3.88 85 1980 - 2022
Niger 3.82 86 1971 - 2022
Suriname 3.81 87 2015 - 2021
Domin. Rep. 3.75 88 1970 - 2022
Azerbaijan 3.7 89 1992 - 2022
Ecuador 3.69 90 1970 - 2022
R. of Congo 3.67 91 1970 - 2022
Georgia 3.64 92 1994 - 2022
Bahamas 3.57 93 2000 - 2022
El Salvador 3.53 94 1975 - 2022
Ghana 3.42 95 1971 - 2022
Paraguay 3.41 96 1970 - 2022
Ivory Coast 3.37 97 1970 - 2022
Mongolia 3.34 98 1997 - 2022
Japan 3.32 99 1971 - 2021
China 3.3 100 1971 - 2021
Serbia 3.3 101 2007 - 2021
Panama 3.27 102 1970 - 2022
Romania 3.25 103 1996 - 2021
Jordan 3.22 104 1970 - 2022
Madagascar 3.2 105 1972 - 2022
Benin 3.19 106 1998 - 2022
Tanzania 3.12 107 1989 - 2022
Guatemala 3.11 108 1970 - 2022
San Marino 3.11 109 2002 - 2021
Zambia 3.11 110 1970 - 2022
Albania 3.09 111 1994 - 2021
Indonesia 3.05 112 1972 - 2021
Tr.&Tobago 3.01 113 1980 - 2022
Thailand 2.99 114 1971 - 2022
Ireland 2.98 115 1971 - 2021
Vietnam 2.95 116 2008 - 2022
Gambia 2.94 117 1985 - 2022
Chad 2.89 118 1997 - 2022
Turkey 2.85 119 1978 - 2021
Cameroon 2.83 120 1971 - 2022
Singapore 2.83 121 1971 - 2022
Armenia 2.77 122 1996 - 2022
Gabon 2.7 123 1992 - 2022
DR Congo 2.66 124 1980 - 2022
Uganda 2.64 125 1971 - 2022
Andorra 2.58 126 1997 - 2022
Liberia 2.53 127 2008 - 2022
Angola 2.3 128 1985 - 2022
Comoros 2.27 129 1998 - 2022
Bahrain 2.22 130 2006 - 2022
Guinea 2.04 131 1991 - 2022
Bermuda 1.88 132 1973 - 2022
C.A. Republic 1.87 133 1978 - 2022
Laos 1.86 134 1992 - 2022
Haiti 1.84 135 1981 - 2022
Bangladesh 1.83 136 1979 - 2022
Mauritania 1.75 137 1997 - 2022
Pakistan 1.69 138 1971 - 2022
Cambodia 1.67 139 1998 - 2021
Sri Lanka 1.51 140 1973 - 2022
Monaco 1.42 141 1988 - 2021



Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

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