* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Carbon dioxide emissions, thousands of tonnes, 2020:

The average for 2020 based on 185 countries was 174561 kt. The highest value was in China: 10944686 kt and the lowest value was in Tuvalu: 7 kt. The indicator is available from 1990 to 2020. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: kt; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, 2020 Global rank Available data
China 10944686 1 1990 - 2020
USA 4320533 2 1990 - 2020
India 2200836 3 1990 - 2020
Russia 1618271 4 1990 - 2020
Japan 1014065 5 1990 - 2020
Iran 616561 6 1990 - 2020
Germany 603351 7 1990 - 2020
South Korea 569682 8 1990 - 2020
Indonesia 563197 9 1990 - 2020
Canada 516874 10 1990 - 2020
Saudi Arabia 513556 11 1990 - 2020
Brazil 414139 12 1990 - 2020
Turkey 407406 13 1990 - 2020
South Africa 393242 14 1990 - 2020
Mexico 383131 15 1990 - 2020
Australia 378997 16 1990 - 2020
Vietnam 355323 17 1990 - 2020
UK 308650 18 1990 - 2020
Italy 281287 19 1990 - 2020
Poland 279224 20 1990 - 2020
France 267155 21 1990 - 2020
Thailand 265479 22 1990 - 2020
Malaysia 245139 23 1990 - 2020
Kazakhstan 211897 24 1990 - 2020
Egypt 210752 25 1990 - 2020
Spain 202706 26 1990 - 2020
UA Emirates 188089 27 1990 - 2020
Pakistan 184111 28 1990 - 2020
Ukraine 165664 29 1990 - 2020
Iraq 163512 30 1990 - 2020
Algeria 161563 31 1990 - 2020
Argentina 154536 32 1990 - 2020
Philippines 133471 33 1990 - 2020
Netherlands 130315 34 1990 - 2020
Uzbekistan 115578 35 1990 - 2020
Nigeria 111978 36 1990 - 2020
Kuwait 92309 37 1990 - 2020
Czechia 88835 38 1990 - 2020
Qatar 87578 39 1990 - 2020
Bangladesh 85493 40 1990 - 2020
Belgium 85364 41 1990 - 2020
Chile 84828 42 1990 - 2020
Colombia 79058 43 1990 - 2020
Venezuela 72509 44 1990 - 2020
Oman 71042 45 1990 - 2020
Romania 68664 46 1990 - 2020
Morocco 66720 47 1990 - 2020
Turkmenistan 63655 48 1990 - 2020
Austria 59142 49 1990 - 2020
Israel 58472 50 1990 - 2020
Belarus 54802 51 1990 - 2020
North Korea 52437 52 1990 - 2020
Greece 51002 53 1990 - 2020
Peru 46579 54 1990 - 2020
Serbia 46324 55 1990 - 2020
Hungary 44769 56 1990 - 2020
Libya 44467 57 1990 - 2020
Singapore 43705 58 1990 - 2020
Portugal 38974 59 1990 - 2020
Finland 36330 60 1990 - 2020
Norway 36177 61 1990 - 2020
Switzerland 34916 62 1990 - 2020
Ecuador 34431 63 1990 - 2020
Azerbaijan 34305 64 1990 - 2020
Bulgaria 34138 65 1990 - 2020
Burma 33875 66 1990 - 2020
Ireland 33742 67 1990 - 2020
Sweden 33576 68 1990 - 2020
Bahrain 32470 69 1990 - 2020
New Zealand 31360 70 1990 - 2020
Tunisia 29293 71 1990 - 2020
Slovakia 29036 72 1990 - 2020
Denmark 27357 73 1990 - 2020
Syria 25235 74 1990 - 2020
Domin. Rep. 22881 75 1990 - 2020
Sri Lanka 21846 76 1990 - 2020
Lebanon 21475 77 1990 - 2020
Mongolia 21185 78 1990 - 2020
Jordan 20974 79 1990 - 2020
Bosnia & Herz. 20947 80 1990 - 2020
Sudan 20796 81 1990 - 2020
Angola 19815 82 1990 - 2020
Kenya 19447 83 1990 - 2020
Ghana 19401 84 1990 - 2020
Laos 19179 85 1990 - 2020
Cambodia 18653 86 1990 - 2020
Bolivia 18375 87 1990 - 2020
Ethiopia 18098 88 1990 - 2020
Guatemala 16865 89 1990 - 2020
Croatia 15627 90 1990 - 2020
Tr.&Tobago 15420 91 1990 - 2020
Nepal 14949 92 1990 - 2020
Tanzania 14436 93 1990 - 2020
Slovenia 12477 94 1990 - 2020
Lithuania 11694 95 1990 - 2020
Ivory Coast 10895 96 1990 - 2020
Senegal 10680 97 1990 - 2020
Georgia 10255 98 1990 - 2020
Yemen 9960 99 1990 - 2020
Cameroon 9928 100 1990 - 2020
Brunei 9588 101 1990 - 2020
Panama 9583 102 1990 - 2020
Tajikistan 9329 103 1990 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan 9080 104 1990 - 2020
Honduras 8835 105 1990 - 2020
Afghanistan 8709 106 1990 - 2020
Moldova 8611 107 1990 - 2020
Zimbabwe 8313 108 1990 - 2020
Benin 7980 109 1990 - 2020
Luxembourg 7853 110 1990 - 2020
Zambia 7607 111 1990 - 2020
Paraguay 7576 112 1990 - 2020
R. of Congo 7154 113 1990 - 2020
Estonia 7098 114 1990 - 2020
Costa Rica 6967 115 1990 - 2020
Mozambique 6946 116 1990 - 2020
Latvia 6928 117 1990 - 2020
North Macedonia 6797 118 1990 - 2020
Cyprus 6772 119 1990 - 2020
Armenia 6747 120 1990 - 2020
Uruguay 6514 121 1990 - 2020
El Salvador 6376 122 1990 - 2020
Jamaica 5836 123 1990 - 2020
Botswana 5764 124 1990 - 2020
Uganda 5675 125 1990 - 2020
Papua N.G. 5492 126 1990 - 2020
Burkina Faso 5457 127 1990 - 2020
Gabon 5349 128 1990 - 2020
Nicaragua 4582 129 1990 - 2020
Guinea 4538 130 1990 - 2020
Albania 4383 131 1990 - 2020
Eq. Guinea 4350 132 1990 - 2020
Mali 4151 133 1990 - 2020
Namibia 3953 134 1991 - 2020
Mauritania 3847 135 1990 - 2020
Mauritius 3720 136 1990 - 2020
Haiti 3209 137 1990 - 2020
DR Congo 3026 138 1990 - 2020
Guyana 2769 139 1990 - 2020
Madagascar 2745 140 1990 - 2020
Suriname 2601 141 1990 - 2020
Montenegro 2527 142 1990 - 2020
Bahamas 2456 143 1990 - 2020
Togo 2415 144 1990 - 2020
Lesotho 2312 145 1990 - 2020
Niger 2198 146 1990 - 2020
Malawi 1640 147 1990 - 2020
Malta 1611 148 1990 - 2020
Chad 1568 149 1990 - 2020
Maldives 1454 150 1990 - 2020
Iceland 1447 151 1990 - 2020
Rwanda 1382 152 1990 - 2020
Liberia 1180 153 1990 - 2020
Swaziland 1148 154 1990 - 2020
Barbados 1096 155 1990 - 2020
Sierra Leone 1048 156 1990 - 2020
Bhutan 1035 157 1990 - 2020
Fiji 1028 158 1990 - 2020
Burundi 713 159 1990 - 2020
Eritrea 706 160 1990 - 2020
Belize 688 161 1990 - 2020
Somalia 660 162 1990 - 2020
Cape Verde 621 163 1990 - 2020
Gambia 611 164 1990 - 2020
Seychelles 599 165 1990 - 2020
Saint Lucia 499 166 1990 - 2020
Ant.& Barb. 475 167 1990 - 2020
Andorra 449 168 1990 - 2020
Djibouti 428 169 1990 - 2020
G.-Bissau 329 170 1990 - 2020
Comoros 328 171 1990 - 2020
Grenada 325 172 1990 - 2020
C.A. Republic 237 173 1990 - 2020
Solomon Isl. 223 174 1990 - 2020
St. Vincent & ... 220 175 1990 - 2020
Samoa 207 176 1990 - 2020
Dominica 163 177 1990 - 2020
Palau 158 178 1990 - 2020
Liechtenstein 142 179 1990 - 2020
S.T.&Principe 141 180 1990 - 2020
Vanuatu 121 181 1990 - 2020
Tonga 118 182 1990 - 2020
Micronesia 108 183 1990 - 2020
Kiribati 57 184 1990 - 2020
Tuvalu 7 185 1990 - 2020



Definition: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.

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