Health outcomes by country

In 2015, the latest year with widely available data, the average life expectancy across countries was 71.85 years. The life expectancy refers to the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. The country with the longest life expectancy was Hong Kong with 84.28 years while the shortest life expectancy was 50.88 years (Central African Republic). We observe a significant variation of life expectancy across continents:
  • Africa with 62.64 years
  • The Americas with 75 years
  • Asia with 73.51 years
  • Australia with 72.69 years
  • Europe with 78.37 years
The birth rate, defined as the number of live births occurring during the year per 1,000 people, was highest in Niger with 47.5 births. The death rate was highest in Lesotho with 15.75 deaths per 1,000 people. For comparison, the average death rates in the world were significantly lower: 7.74 deaths.

The table below presents life expectancy, death rate, birth rate, fertility rate, HIV infections, and Tuberculosis cases across countries. The fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years. HIV infections refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV while Tuberculosis cases are the estimated number of new and relapse tuberculosis cases arising in a given year per 100,000 people.

A second table further below shows the expenditure on health care in dollar terms and as percent of GDP for all countries.

Country Life expectancy Birth rate Death rate Fertility rate HIV infections Tuberculosis cases
Afghanistan 63.38 34.81 6.93 4.98 0.1 189
Albania 78.03 12.2 7.37 1.68 17
Algeria 76.09 25.48 4.72 3.04 0.1 75
Andorra 5.9
Angola 59.4 42.52 9.05 5.77 1.9 366
Ant.& Barb. 76.48 15.88 6.23 2 4.9
Argentina 76.07 17.55 7.64 2.3 0.4 26
Armenia 74.47 14.8 9.82 1.74 0.2 50
Aruba 75.72 11.28 8.63 1.85 11
Australia 82.4 12.9 6.6 1.81 0.1 6
Austria 81.19 9.8 9.6 1.49 7.5
Azerbaijan 72.27 17.2 5.7 1.94 71
Bahamas 73.09 14.22 6.67 1.78 1.9 19
Bahrain 76.76 15.1 2.35 2.06 15
Bangladesh 71.51 19.16 5.55 2.12 0.1 221
Barbados 78.8 10.81 8.79 1.61 1.5 0
Belarus 73.62 12.5 12.6 1.72 0.4 50
Belgium 80.99 10.8 9.8 1.7 9.5
Belize 74.03 21.73 4.62 2.44 1.9 25
Benin 60.61 37.43 9.33 5.05 1.1 60
Bermuda 81.01 9.4 7.4 1.62 0
Bhutan 70.42 17.78 6.26 2.04 0.3 165
Bolivia 70.28 22.82 6.89 2.89 0.3 117
Bosnia & Herz. 76.86 8.65 10.31 1.3 0.1 40
Botswana 67.34 26.44 6.26 2.97 21.6 356
Brazil 74.99 14.47 6.25 1.75 0.5 43
Brunei 75.32 16.36 4.16 1.95 59
Bulgaria 74.61 9.2 15.3 1.53 0.1 28
Burkina Faso 59.92 39.44 8.82 5.44 0.9 52
Burma 65.81 18.04 8.3 2.2 0.8 391
Burundi 60.12 40.88 8.52 5.7 1.2 122
Cambodia 68.64 23.67 6.1 2.59 0.6 367
Cameroon 57.58 36.96 10.05 4.78 3.9 212
Canada 81.9 10.7 7.4 1.56 5.2
Cape Verde 72.12 20.75 5.81 2.38 0.6 64
C.A. Republic 50.88 36.45 13.62 4.94 4 540
Chad 53.14 43.73 12.77 6.05 1.4 144
Chile 79.65 13.37 5.92 1.75 0.5 16
China 75.93 12.07 7.11 1.66 65
Colombia 76.53 15.52 5.41 1.86 0.4 31
Comoros 63.47 33.33 7.49 4.42 0.1 35
Costa Rica 79.57 14.76 4.86 1.81 0.4 11
Croatia 77.28 8.9 12.9 1.4 0.1 13
Cuba 78.56 10.82 8.5 1.67 0.4 7.1
Cyprus 80.35 11.01 6.84 1.35 6.2
Czech Rep. 78.58 10.5 10.5 1.57 0.1 5.5
DR Congo 59.25 42.81 10.16 6.2 0.9 324
Denmark 80.7 10.2 9.2 1.71 0.1 6.5
Djibouti 64.14 22.92 7.84 2.91 1.3 367
Dominica 11
Domin. Rep. 73.24 20.32 6.08 2.4 1 55
Ecuador 76.14 20.43 5.1 2.5 0.4 39
Egypt 71.3 28.18 5.97 3.44 0.1 15
El Salvador 72.41 18.73 6.96 2.1 0.6 48
Eq. Guinea 57.36 34.77 10 4.77 6.7 172
Eritrea 64.66 32.19 7.69 4.22 0.8 102
Estonia 77.59 10.6 11.6 1.58 0.8 18
Ethiopia 65.05 33.63 7.02 4.57 1.1 192
Euro area 62.35 35.89 8.32 4.84 2.02 219
Faroe Isl. 81.8 12.4 7.7 2.4
Fiji 67.1 21.98 8.17 2.8 52
Finland 81.48 10.1 9.6 1.65 0.1 5.6
France 82.32 12 8.9 1.96 0.3 8.4
Gabon 64.91 32.93 7.45 4.06 4 537
Gambia 60.91 39.72 8.33 5.39 1.9 174
Georgia 72.97 14.08 13.06 2.05 0.3 99
Germany 80.64 9 11.3 1.5 0.1 8
Ghana 62.77 30.71 7.66 4.04 1.8 160
Greece 81.04 8.5 11.2 1.33 4.7
Grenada 72.44 17.07 9.49 2.13 5.2
Guatemala 73.25 25.63 4.83 3.03 0.4 26
Guinea 59.6 37.58 9.34 4.93 1.5 177
G.-Bissau 56.96 36.82 10.24 4.71 3.7 361
Guyana 69.26 20.63 7.21 2.53 1.5 93
Haiti 62.49 25.58 8.89 3.1 2.1 194
Honduras 74.5 22.43 4.42 2.58 0.4 40
Hong Kong 84.28 8.2 6.3 1.2 72
Hungary 75.57 9.4 13.4 1.45 0.1 10
Iceland 82.47 12.5 6.6 1.8 0.1 2.4
India 68.61 18.63 7.19 2.3 217
Indonesia 70.77 19.17 6.42 2.39 0.4 325
Iran 75.8 19.07 4.8 2.04 0.1 16
Iraq 69.93 31.11 4.97 3.97 43
Ireland 81.45 13.9 6.4 1.85 0.2 7.3
Israel 82.05 21.3 5.3 3.09 0.2 4
Italy 82.54 8 10.7 1.35 0.3 6.6
Ivory Coast 56.06 36.44 10.77 4.81 2.9 159
Jamaica 74.1 16.63 7.52 2.03 1.9 4.5
Japan 83.79 8 10.3 1.45 0.1 16
Jordan 74.08 24.27 3.81 3.07 0.1 5.7
Kazakhstan 72 22.71 7.46 2.73 0.2 81
Kenya 64.8 30.69 5.93 3.77 5.2 380
Kiribati 67.29 28.98 6.58 3.69 559
Kuwait 75.13 16.09 2.45 2.08 0.1 22
Kyrgyzstan 70.65 27.4 5.8 3.2 0.2 136
Laos 66.55 24.71 6.69 2.8 0.3 182
Latvia 74.48 11.1 14.4 1.7 0.4 40
Lebanon 78.77 17.74 4.11 2.1 0.1 12
Lesotho 51.04 27.8 15.75 3.22 24.5 788
Liberia 62.27 34.3 8.21 4.54 1.4 308
Libya 72.12 20.47 5.11 2.36 0.2 40
Liechtenstein 82.66 8.7 6.7 1.4
Lithuania 74.32 10.8 14.4 1.7 55
Luxembourg 82.29 10.7 7 1.47 0.2 6.1
Macao 83.71 11.36 3.74 1.2 71
Macedonia 75.41 11.17 9.8 1.51 0.1 17
Madagascar 65.54 33.39 6.47 4.24 0.2 233
Malawi 61.95 35.84 7.41 4.53 9.8 204
Malaysia 75.46 17.02 4.88 2.06 0.4 90
Maldives 77.69 16.42 3.06 1.99 42
Mali 57.51 43.23 10.65 6.14 1.3 57
Malta 81.9 9.7 7.7 1.37 8.5
Mauritania 63.94 34.99 7.61 4.74 0.3 107
Mauritius 74.35 10.1 7.7 1.36 1.3 13
Mexico 74.9 18.57 5.76 2.21 0.2 22
Micronesia 67.32 23.21 6.55 3.19 119
Moldova 71.48 10.61 11.4 1.26 0.6 102
Monaco 8.1 7.6 0
Mongolia 69.11 25.85 6.28 2.92 0.1 428
Montenegro 76.45 11.84 10.37 1.72 0.1 15
Morocco 75.73 20.31 5.12 2.52 0.1 102
Mozambique 57.21 38.61 10.02 5.06 12.5 551
Namibia 62.12 29.9 8.67 3.54 12.6 639
Nepal 69.51 20.84 6.5 2.1 0.2 156
Netherlands 81.51 10.1 8.7 1.66 0.2 5.8
N. Caledonia 77.24 15.4 5.4 2.06 24
New Zealand 81.46 13.27 6.87 1.99 0.1 7.3
Nicaragua 73.65 21.86 5.03 2.48 0.2 50
Niger 60.63 47.5 9.15 7.17 0.3 95
Nigeria 53.11 39.36 12.69 5.59 1.6 219
North Korea 71.48 13.91 8.76 1.92 513
Norway 82.3 11.3 7.8 1.72 0.1 6.3
Oman 76.89 20.7 2.54 2.94 0.2 8.8
Pakistan 66.58 29.12 7.11 3.66 0.1 270
Palau 13.7 7.7 2.21 91
Palestine 73.44 31.25 3.49 3.95 1.1
Panama 77.78 19.86 5 2.54 0.9 52
Papua N.G. 63.47 27.99 7.76 3.71 0.8 432
Paraguay 73.66 21.2 5.42 2.51 0.5 40
Peru 75.79 18.54 5.35 2.32 0.3 122
Philippines 70.64 22.27 5.8 2.81 0.1 550
Poland 77.45 9.7 10.4 1.32 19
Portugal 81.12 8.3 10.5 1.31 0.5 23
Puerto Rico 79.35 9 8.08 1.34 1.8
Qatar 79.76 10.03 1.13 1.93 24
R. of Congo 63.1 34.51 7.18 4.59 2.8 379
Romania 74.91 10.2 13.2 1.62 0.1 82
Russia 71.18 13.3 13 1.78 67
Rwanda 67.45 32.6 5.6 4.16 2.9 61
Saint Lucia 75.6 12.39 7.08 1.47 9
St. Vincent & ... 72.1 14.78 8.87 1.95 7.4
Samoa 72.73 25.43 5.46 4.03 11
San Marino 8.2 7.1 0
S.T.&Principe 69.38 32.95 5.11 4.48 156
Saudi Arabia 74.65 19.41 3.41 2.51 12
Senegal 66.75 36.32 6.14 4.84 0.5 123
Serbia 75.29 9.3 14.6 1.46 0.1 21
Seychelles 74.3 17 7.5 2.31 9.7
Sierra Leone 52.94 35.06 12.63 4.56 1.5 307
Singapore 82.74 9.7 4.8 1.24 0.3 45
Slovakia 76.56 10.3 9.9 1.4 0.1 6.5
Slovenia 80.78 10 9.6 1.57 0.1 7.2
Solomon Isl. 72.17 33.56 4.38 4.46 86
Somalia 55.92 42.3 11.53 6.36 0.2 274
South Africa 62.65 21.72 9.77 2.48 20.3 759
South Korea 82.02 8.6 5.4 1.24 79
Spain 82.83 9 9.1 1.33 0.4 9.9
Sri Lanka 76.32 16.61 6.37 2.21 0.1 65
Sudan 64.43 33.32 7.43 4.59 0.2 88
Suriname 71.25 19.29 7.16 2.49 1.4 32
Swaziland 55.36 27.58 11.23 3.07 28.1 483
Sweden 82.2 11.7 9.3 1.85 9.2
Switzerland 82.9 10.5 8.2 1.54 7.4
Syria 69.91 24.95 5.77 2.94 0.1 20
Tajikistan 70.14 32.12 5.2 3.62 0.2 86
Tanzania 63.11 37.87 7.16 5.08 4.8 306
Thailand 76.09 10.84 7.39 1.54 1.3 163
Togo 59.93 34.51 8.84 4.52 2.5 52
Tonga 70.52 25.35 7.24 3.68 16
Tr.&Tobago 72.94 14.01 8.07 1.77 16
Tunisia 75.92 18.71 6.3 2.25 0.1 38
Turkey 76.53 16.72 5.4 2.1 18
Turkmenistan 67.7 26 7.1 2.93 49
Tuvalu 207
Uganda 61.37 40.68 7.34 5.39 6.2 202
Ukraine 71.19 10.7 14.9 1.51 0.9 91
UA Emirates 77.29 10.77 1.38 1.54 0.78
UK 80.96 11.9 9.2 1.8 10
Uruguay 77.37 14.13 9.44 2 0.5 30
USA 78.69 12.4 8.44 1.84 0.4 3.2
Uzbekistan 70.93 23.5 4.9 2.49 0.2 79
Vanuatu 69.87 30.81 5.45 3.9 63
Venezuela 72.58 19 6.41 2.34 30
Vietnam 75.11 17.26 6.13 2.01 0.3 199
Yemen 66.08 32.2 5.97 4.1 0.1 48
Zambia 61.74 37.95 7.17 4.92 12.1 391
Zimbabwe 59.53 33.98 8.67 3.9 13.8 242


Health spending by country

The average health spending per capita in the world for 2015 was 1024.34 USD. The largest amount spent on health per capita in a single economy was 9807.8 USD in Switzerland while the least spent was 19.38 USD (Burundi).

In terms of health spending as percent of GDP, the highest value was recorded in Sierra Leone with 20.41 percent while Papua New Guinea spends only 1.91 percent of its GDP on health.
Country Health spending per capita Health spending as percent of GDP
Afghanistan 60.09 10.11
Algeria 290.5 6.98
Andorra 3695.07 10.25
Angola 108.68 2.61
Ant.& Barb. 639.58 4.7
Argentina 1305.4 8.79
Armenia 366.05 10.12
Australia 4887.8 9.31
Austria 4610.97 10.37
Azerbaijan 370.52 6.71
Bahamas 1741.92 5.71
Bahrain 1128.76 4.98
Bangladesh 31.84 2.46
Barbados 1158.38 6.97
Belarus 360.98 6.07
Belgium 4171.05 10.28
Belize 289.58 5.9
Benin 31.29 3.99
Bhutan 91.11 3.66
Bolivia 201.56 6.62
Bosnia & Herz. 428.15 9.34
Botswana 373.79 5.73
Brazil 776.15 8.87
Brunei 739.23 2.39
Bulgaria 572.04 8.2
Burkina Faso 33.51 5.83
Burma 62.03 5.2
Burundi 19.38 6.58
Cambodia 72.05 6.19
Cameroon 63.63 4.7
Canada 4539.14 10.51
Cape Verde 144.38 4.82
C.A. Republic 21.98 6.31
Chad 35.35 4.52
Chile 1140.13 8.3
China 392.85 4.89
Colombia 444.06 7.3
Comoros 58.18 7.78
Costa Rica 891.26 7.82
Croatia 795.52 6.79
Cuba 974.97 12.81
Cyprus 1582.11 6.81
Czech Rep. 1284.05 7.24
DR Congo 19.88 3.94
Denmark 5469.33 10.23
Djibouti 81.73 4.39
Dominica 395.86 5.41
Domin. Rep. 391 5.98
Ecuador 528.2 8.59
Egypt 180.82 5.34
El Salvador 283.31 7.63
Eq. Guinea 326.91 2.92
Eritrea 26.25 2.86
Estonia 1112.47 6.39
Ethiopia 24.92 3.94
Euro area 44.7 5.98
Fiji 174.5 3.57
Finland 4121.9 9.7
France 4204.09 11.46
Gabon 197.94 2.66
Gambia 21.85 3.1
Georgia 280.91 7.93
Germany 4617.49 11.09
Ghana 82.41 4.62
Greece 1464.73 8.09
Grenada 440.29 4.72
Guatemala 233.86 5.96
Guinea 42.25 5.81
G.-Bissau 50.84 8.59
Guyana 187.96 4.52
Haiti 67.3 8.63
Honduras 180.61 7.71
Hungary 870.52 6.97
Iceland 4281.58 8.15
India 58.97 3.6
Indonesia 100.43 3.01
Iran 375.13 7.76
Iraq 154.48 3.14
Ireland 4565.13 7.34
Israel 2640.31 7.09
Italy 2708.84 8.99
Ivory Coast 63.4 4.42
Jamaica 279.35 5.66
Japan 3733.67 10.89
Jordan 314.32 7.59
Kazakhstan 316.4 3.05
Kenya 70.73 5.22
Kiribati 121.73 7.99
Kuwait 1168.83 4.01
Kyrgyzstan 81.4 7.15
Laos 52.99 2.45
Latvia 775.55 5.71
Lebanon 655.85 7.68
Lesotho 98.12 8.4
Liberia 72.33 10.29
Lithuania 920.2 6.48
Luxembourg 5567.42 5.48
Macedonia 306.92 6.34
Madagascar 22.91 5.72
Malawi 34 9.33
Malaysia 376.06 3.89
Maldives 853.54 8.69
Mali 30.83 4.11
Malta 2249.86 9.24
Mauritania 54.65 4.74
Mauritius 529.16 5.7
Mexico 539.03 5.8
Micronesia 377.99 12.53
Moldova 186.44 8.56
Monaco 3314.17 2.03
Mongolia 167.29 4.24
Morocco 147.44 5.07
Mozambique 27.83 5.27
Namibia 477.24 9.94
Nepal 45.14 6.22
Netherlands 4674.68 10.32
New Zealand 3582.27 9.33
Nicaragua 165.91 8
Niger 26.01 7.14
Nigeria 97.78 3.58
Norway 7565.55 10.11
Oman 706.37 4.3
Pakistan 37.89 2.69
Palau 1498.63 10.89
Panama 927.76 6.81
Papua N.G. 49.89 1.91
Paraguay 367.52 6.75
Peru 306.83 5.03
Philippines 124.38 4.32
Poland 803.96 6.4
Portugal 1724.53 8.97
Qatar 2031.89 3.12
R. of Congo 58.45 3.42
Romania 442.24 4.94
Russia 501.85 5.3
Rwanda 46.44 6.52
Saint Lucia 444.96 4.8
St. Vincent & ... 294.36 4.26
Samoa 222.9 5.67
San Marino 3163.79 7.35
S.T.&Principe 86.91 5.39
Saudi Arabia 1243.63 6
Senegal 51.99 4.38
Serbia 491.25 8.82
Seychelles 674.23 4.59
Sierra Leone 119.82 20.41
Singapore 2326.27 4.2
Slovakia 1108.43 6.85
Slovenia 1775.15 8.5
Solomon Isl. 103.16 5.25
South Africa 470.8 8.2
South Korea 1925.47 7.05
Spain 2351.53 9.11
Sri Lanka 151.37 3.89
Sudan 158.02 7.18
Suriname 538.21 6.22
Swaziland 217.22 7.13
Sweden 5623.21 11
Switzerland 9807.8 11.88
Tajikistan 63.46 6.91
Tanzania 32.09 3.65
Thailand 214.38 3.67
Togo 35.21 6.25
Tonga 180.91 4.65
Tr.&Tobago 1115.52 6.04
Tunisia 268.22 7.01
Turkey 454.61 4.14
Turkmenistan 405.13 6.3
Tuvalu 536 16.7
Uganda 39.77 6.48
Ukraine 141.57 6.95
UA Emirates 1401.97 3.58
UK 4326.25 9.69
Uruguay 1398.51 9.01
USA 9538.07 16.84
Uzbekistan 131.64 6.1
Vanuatu 119.37 4.16
Venezuela 566.93 5.13
Vietnam 116.74 5.65
Yemen 72.04 4.23
Zambia 58.52 4.44
Zimbabwe 94.29 7.45
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