The importance of coffee to the world economy cannot be overstated as it is one of the most valuable primary products in world trade.
The graph bellows visualizes the global production of coffee in million tonnes for the period 1980-2012. Despite variations over time, overall the world output of coffee has almost doubled for the last thirty years, reaching close to nine million tonnes in 2012. The only period of marked decline is between the early 1990s and the beginning of the 21 Century when the top producer, Brazil, experienced adverse climate conditions.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the precious commodity is produced in more than 70 countries worldwide, most of which are members of the International Coffee Organization. The top producers possess relatively equal shares of the global output, except for Brazil. The Latin American country produced more than one third of the total output of coffee in 2012. Colombia`s production experienced a sharp increase in the 90s but is currently the fourth largest producer, being surpassed by Vietnam and Indonesia. Vietnam has become a fierce competitor as the total value of its output is currently second only to Brazil`s. Indonesia is the third biggest producer. The Asian country is enjoying fewer fluctuations in the quantities produced compared to Brazil and Colombia.
As seen from the graph below, Brazil`s production has tripled in value and is still noticeably higher than of any other country. The biggest economy of Latin America is expected to remain the most important coffee producer and to influence strongly the output of the world.
Please note that value of the production on the chart below is calculated in constant prices. That way the influence of inflation over the prices is eliminated, i.e. the increase in value is related only to the increase of quantities produced.
Overall, the output of coffee in the world has experienced a noticeable increase in the last thirty years, despite seasonal fluctuations. Some of the top producing countries have been surpassed by emerging competitors (Vietnam and Indonesia). Brazil, on the other hand, has remained the most influential country in terms of coffee production. If you are interested, you can explore further stats on coffee production.