Vietnam: Bank credit to the private sector

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Bank credit to the private sector as percent of GDP

 Latest value 126.38
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1992 - 2022
 Average 67.81
 Min - Max 13.66 - 126.38
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Vietnam from 1992 to 2022. The average value for Vietnam during that period was 67.81 percent with a minimum of 13.66 percent in 1992 and a maximum of 126.38 percent in 2022. The latest value from 2022 is 126.38 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 148 countries is 54.21 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Vietnam - Bank credit to the private sector - recent values

Historical chart
Vietnam - Bank credit to the private sector - historical chart - 1992-2022

Bank credit in Vietnam and other countries is defined as the credit extended by the banking institutions to the private sector only: both firms and households. It does not include lending to the government.

Credit is essential for the economy to function well. It funds new investments and allows people to purchase houses, cars, and other items. Of course, excessive lending and borrowing usually end up in financial crises but, in principle, credit availability is good for economic development.

If the banking credit to the private sector is about 70 percent of GDP and more, then the country has a relatively well developed financial system. The amount of credit can even exceed 200 percent of GDP in some very advanced economies. In some poor countries, the credit could be less than 15 percent of GDP. In these countries, firms and households essentially do not have access to credit for investment and various purchases.
Definition: Domestic credit to private sector by banks refers to financial resources provided to the private sector by other depository corporations (deposit taking corporations except central banks), such as through loans, purchases of nonequity securities, and trade credits and other accounts receivable, that establish a claim for repayment. For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises.

 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 ATMs per 100,000 adults 27.05 2021 ATMs per 100,000 adults
 Bank branches per 100,000 people 10.42 2021 bank branches
 Firms using credit to finance investment 29.30 2015 percent
 Small firms with bank credit 28.80 2015 percent
 Percent people with credit cards 4.12 2017 percent
 Percent people with debit cards 26.74 2017 percent
 Domestic credit to the private sector 116.66 2020 percent
 Bank credit to the private sector 126.38 2022 percent
 Liquid liabilities, percent of GDP 147.64 2021 percent
 Bank assets to GDP 136.18 2021 percent
 Financial system deposits, percent of GDP 23.34 2021 percent
 Bank credit to government 15.05 2020 percent
 Banking system concentration 37.85 2021 percent
 Foreign bank assets 5.00 2013 percent of total bank assets
 Percent people with bank accounts 30.02 2017 percent
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