Vietnam: Bank credit to the private sector as percent of GDP
For that indicator, The World Bank provides data for Vietnam from 1992 to 2018. The average value for Vietnam during that period was 67.93 percent with a minumum of 13.66 percent in 1992 and a maximum of 133.31 percent in 2018.
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Bank credit in Vietnam and other countries is defined as the credit extended by the banking institutions to the private sector only: both firms and households. It does not include lending to the government.
Credit is essential for the economy to function well. It funds new investments and allows people to purchase houses, cars, and other items. Of course, excessive lending and borrowing usually end up in financial crises but, in principle, credit availability is good for economic development.
If the banking credit to the private sector is about 70 percent of GDP and more, then the country has a relatively well developed financial system. The amount of credit can even exceed 200 percent of GDP in some very advanced economies. In some poor countries, the credit could be less than 15 percent of GDP. In these countries, firms and households essentially do not have access to credit for investment and various purchases.
Definition: Domestic credit to private sector by banks refers to financial resources provided to the private sector by other depository corporations (deposit taking corporations except central banks), such as through loans, purchases of nonequity securities, and trade credits and other accounts receivable, that establish a claim for repayment. For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises.