(measure: percent; Source: Office for Budget Responsibility of United Kingdom)
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
United Kingdom: Government debt as percent of GDP
For that indicator, Office for Budget Responsibility of United Kingdom provides data for the United Kingdom from 1975 to 2019. The average value for the United Kingdom during that period was 50.26 percent with a minimum of 27.75 percent in 1991 and a maximum of 85.7 percent in 2015.
The latest value from 2019 is 84.06 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2019 based on 27
countries is 57.64 percent.
See the global rankings for that indicator or
use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
The government debt in the United Kingdom and other countries is calculated as the total amount owed by the national government to domestic and international lenders. It is reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate its magnitude relative to the size of the economy.
Government debt of about 60 percent or less of GDP is not considered a problem. The government can make payments without strain and even has some room to borrow more. If debt levels reach 80-90 percent that may have negative effects on the economy. Debt above 120 percent of GDP is quite detrimental.
Definition: Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.