USA: Foreign exchange reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 USA

Foreign exchange reserves, billion currency units

 Latest value 243.8
 Reference March 2024
 Measure billion U.S. Dollar
 Data availability January 1960 - March 2024
 Average 69
 Min - Max 12.13 - 253.22
 Source The Federal Reserve System of the USA
For that indicator, we provide data for the USA from January 1960 to March 2024. The average value for the USA during that period was 69 billion U.S. Dollar with a minimum of 12.13 billion U.S. Dollar in August 1971 and a maximum of 253.22 billion U.S. Dollar in August 2021. Click on the following link to see the values of Foreign exchange reserves, billion currency units around the world.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
USA - Foreign exchange reserves - recent values

Historical chart
USA - Foreign exchange reserves - historical chart - 1960-2024
Measure: billion U.S. Dollar
Source: The Federal Reserve System of the USA


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Definition: Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.

 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 104.65 2021 percent
 Trade openness 27.36 2022 percent
 Financial openness 2.299 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 11.77 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 2,995.05 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 6.96 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 15.59 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 3,966.17 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 1.53 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 388.08 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 155,248.00 2023 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -3.00 2023 percent
 Current account, in dollars -818.82 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -3.82 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -779.79 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 706.64 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.03 2022 percent
 Remittances 7,431.00 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -74,318.00 2023 million USD
 Foreign exchange reserves 240.99 9/2023 billion
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