USA: Terms of trade

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Terms of trade, base year = 2000

 Latest value 104.65
 Year 2021
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1980 - 2021
 Average 99.74
 Min - Max 91.76 - 105.13
 Source The United Nations
For that indicator, we provide data for the USA from 1980 to 2021. The average value for the USA during that period was 99.74 percent with a minimum of 91.76 percent in 1985 and a maximum of 105.13 percent in 1995. The latest value from 2021 is 104.65 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 189 countries is 109.62 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
USA - Terms of trade - Recent values chart

Historical chart
USA - Terms of trade - historical chart - 1980-2021

The terms of trade for the USA are calculated as the value of its exports as percent of the value of its imports. An increase in the terms of trade means that the value of exports is increasing relative to the value of imports. The country can afford to buy more imports with the revenue from its exports. For example, an increase in the price of oil increases (improves) the terms of trade for the oil-exporting countries and lowers it for the other countries.
Definition: Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2015.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 104.65 2021 percent
 Trade openness 27.36 2022 percent
 Financial openness 2.299 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 11.77 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 2,995.05 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 6.96 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 15.59 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 3,966.17 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 1.53 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 388.08 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 155,248.00 2023 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -3.00 2023 percent
 Current account, in dollars -818.82 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -3.82 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -779.79 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 706.64 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.03 2022 percent
 Remittances 7,431.00 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -74,318.00 2023 million USD
 Foreign exchange reserves 240.99 9/2023 billion
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