Turkmenistan: Trade openness

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Turkmenistan

Trade openness: exports plus imports as percent of GDP

 Latest value 33.06
 Year 2021
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1991 - 2021
 Average 87.13
 Min - Max 33.06 - 170.26
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Turkmenistan from 1991 to 2021. The average value for Turkmenistan during that period was 87.13 percent with a minimum of 33.06 percent in 2021 and a maximum of 170.26 percent in 1994. The latest value from 2021 is 33.06 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 160 countries is 91.99 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Turkmenistan - Trade openness - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Turkmenistan - Trade openness - historical chart - 1991-2021




Definition: Exports plus imports as percent of GDP.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 184.90 2021 percent
 Trade openness 33.06 2021 percent
 Financial openness -1.242 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 20.56 2021 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 10.28 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 42.54 2006 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 12.50 2021 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 6.25 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 1.66 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.94 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Current account, percent of GDP 4.20 2022 percent
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 8.06 2021 percent
 Reserves 1.51 1999 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.00 2022 percent
 Remittances 0.00 2022 million U.S. dollars
 External debt 8.09 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 2.22 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 20.56 1999 percent
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