Turkmenistan: Reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Turkmenistan

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD

 Latest value 1.51
 Year 1999
 Measure billion U.S. dollars
 Data availability 1993 - 1999
 Average 1.17
 Min - Max 0.80 - 1.51
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Turkmenistan from 1993 to 1999. The average value for Turkmenistan during that period was 1.17 billion U.S. dollars with a minimum of 0.8 billion U.S. dollars in 1993 and a maximum of 1.51 billion U.S. dollars in 1999. The latest value from 1999 is 1.51 billion U.S. dollars. For comparison, the world average in 1999 based on 170 countries is 11.76 billion U.S. dollars. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Turkmenistan - Reserves - Recent values chart




The reserves of Turkmenistan and other countries include their holdings of foreign currencies and gold. These are the reserves of the central bank and the treasury of the country, not the private sector.

When countries export products or attract investment from other countries, they receive foreign currencies. They use some of these currencies to buy imports and to invest in other countries. The rest is held in reserves and some of the reserves may be converted to gold.
Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

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 Terms of trade 184.90 2021 percent
 Trade openness 33.06 2021 percent
 Financial openness -1.242 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 20.56 2021 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 10.28 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 42.54 2006 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 12.50 2021 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 6.25 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 1.66 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.94 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Current account, percent of GDP 4.20 2022 percent
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 8.06 2021 percent
 Reserves 1.51 1999 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.00 2022 percent
 Remittances 0.00 2022 million U.S. dollars
 External debt 8.09 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 2.22 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 20.56 1999 percent
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