Turkmenistan: External debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Turkmenistan

External debt, percent of Gross National Income

 Latest value 8.09
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1993 - 2022
 Average 29.35
 Min - Max 4.24 - 111.75
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Turkmenistan from 1993 to 2022. The average value for Turkmenistan during that period was 29.35 percent with a minimum of 4.24 percent in 2009 and a maximum of 111.75 percent in 1999. The latest value from 2022 is 8.09 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 113 countries is 56.76 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Turkmenistan - External debt - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Turkmenistan - External debt - historical chart - 1993-2022




The external debt of Turkmenistan and other countries is reported as the total international obligations of the country as percent of its GDP. External debt of less than 60 percent of GDP is not a problem. At higher levels, paying the interest on the debt may start to become difficult.
Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 184.90 2021 percent
 Trade openness 33.06 2021 percent
 Financial openness -1.242 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 20.56 2021 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 10.28 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 42.54 2006 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 12.50 2021 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 6.25 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 1.66 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.94 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Current account, percent of GDP 4.20 2022 percent
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 8.06 2021 percent
 Reserves 1.51 1999 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.00 2022 percent
 Remittances 0.00 2022 million U.S. dollars
 External debt 8.09 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 2.22 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 20.56 1999 percent
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