Taiwan Economic Indicators

Main indicators
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
6.56
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1962 - Q1/2024
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
percent
2.24
May/2024
monthly
1/1961 - 5/2024
Percent change in the CPI from the same month last year.
percent
3.38
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1978 - 3/2024
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.



GDP and economic growth
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
6.56
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1962 - Q1/2024
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
percent
0.27
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q2/1982 - Q1/2024
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
billion TWD
6060.49
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1961 - Q1/2024
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.



Business cycle indicators
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
14.61
Apr/2024
monthly
1/1997 - 4/2024
The indicator shows the percent change in the index of industrial production from the same month last year. Industrial production includes mining and quarrying, manufacturing, and electricity production.
index points
105.75
Apr/2024
monthly
1/1999 - 4/2024
The retail sales index is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. The retail sales index measures only the volume changes, i.e. price level changes are excluded.
percent
0.22
Apr/2024
monthly
1/2000 - 4/2024
The retail sales Y-on-Y is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. Retail sales Y-on-Y is calculated as the percent change in the Retail sales index from the same month the previous year. The Retail sales Y-on-Y measures only volume changes, i.e. price level changes are excluded.
points
72.20
May/2024
monthly
12/2012 - 5/2024
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing or building a home or buying a car. The survey gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
index points
50.90
May/2024
monthly
5/2018 - 5/2024
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.



Consumption and investment
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
billion TWD
2950.46
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1961 - Q1/2024
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
percent
48.68
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1961 - Q1/2024
Household Consumption as percent of GDP
percent
6.52
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1962 - Q1/2024
The percent change in Household Consumption from the same quarter last year.
percent
6.52
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1962 - Q1/2024
The percent change in Household Consumption from the same quarter last year.
billion TWD
1482.74
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1961 - Q1/2024
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
percent
24.47
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1961 - Q1/2024
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings as percent of GDP
percent
-3.60
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1962 - Q1/2024
The percent change in investment (Physical Capital Accumulation) from the same quarter last year.



Money
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
Local Currency Units per USD
32.2904
May/2024
monthly
1/2000 - 5/2024
The amount of local currency units that can be exchanged for one USD. An increase (decrease) means USD appreciation (depreciation). The values are monthly averages of the daily exchange rates provided by Google Finance.
billion TWD
62437.60
Mar/2024
monthly
5/1987 - 3/2024
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
index points
107.3900
May/2024
monthly
1/1960 - 5/2024
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
percent
0.22
May/2024
monthly
2/1960 - 5/2024
The percentage change in the CPI from one month to the next.
percent
2.24
May/2024
monthly
1/1961 - 5/2024
Percent change in the CPI from the same month last year.
billion TWD
33877.85
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1997 - 3/2024
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion TWD
15494.80
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1997 - 3/2024
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion TWD
18383.05
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1997 - 3/2024
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion TWD
10258.90
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1997 - 3/2024
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
billion TWD
8124.15
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1997 - 3/2024
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
percent
1.70
Mar/2024
monthly
7/2003 - 3/2024
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.



Labor market
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
million employed people
11.58
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1978 - 3/2024
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
percent
3.38
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1978 - 3/2024
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
index points
107.01
Mar/2024
monthly
1/1980 - 3/2024
The index reflects the level of the total compensation of employees in the economy. Labor costs are defined as core expenditure borne by employers for the purpose of employing staff. They include employee compensation, with wages and salaries in cash and in kind, employers' social security contributions and employment taxes regarded as labor costs minus any subsidies received.



International trade and investment
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
15.10
2022
annual
2015  -  2022
Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
billion TWD
18334.22
Mar/2024
monthly
5/1987 - 3/2024
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.



Government
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
-1.00
2020
annual
1974  -  2020
The fiscal (budget) balance is the difference between government revenue and government expenditure. We express the value as percent of GDP to relate it to the size of the economy.
percent
29.69
2022
annual
1997  -  2022
Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.
billion TWD
824.12
Q1/2024
quarterly
Q1/1961 - Q1/2024
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Sovereign credit rating
AA
Aug/2023
quarterly
4/1989 - 8/2023
S&P includes long-term ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating. Moody’s includes long-term ratings from the highest Aaa to the lowest C. Fitch includes long-term ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating. Scope includes long-term foreign-currency ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating.

For all four international credit rating agencies, ratings are divided into two main groups based on the level of credit risk: investment grade for lower levels of credit risk and speculative grade for higher levels of credit risk. For S&P, Fitch and Scope, investment grade issues/issuers are those rated from BBB- and above, while those from BB+ and below are categorized as speculative grade. Moody’s denotes as investment grade issues/issuers as those rated from Baa3 and above, while ratings from Ba1 and below fall into the category of speculative grade.

All four agencies include modifiers into their generic alphabet-based ratings for particular ranges. Ratings from S&P, Fitch and Scope are modified with “+” or “-” from the range AA to CCC. Moody’s appends numerical modifiers from 1 to 3 to the generic rating classifications from Aa to Caa. 1 indicates standing in the higher end of the generic category, while 3 indicates ranking in the lower end. All modifiers denote relative status within major ratings categories.

Rating Outlooks indicate the direction the rating is likely to move over a one- to two-year period. In determining an outlook, consideration is given to any changes in fundamental business conditions. Credit Watch focuses on identifiable events that cause ratings to be placed under special surveillance.

Rating Outlooks/Watches for the four agencies are the following:

- Positive means that a rating may be raised
- Negative means that a rating may be lowered
- Stable means a rating is not likely to change
- When the fundamental trend has strong, conflicting elements of both positive and negative, the Outlook/Watch can be denoted as Developing (for Scope, a Stable Outlook would be assigned in this case).

Credit Watches do not include a Stable Watch because they are only event driven and denote higher probability of change in the rating. Credit Outlooks and Watches are mutually exclusive.



Forecast from the IMF
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
2.33
2028
annual
1980  -  2028
Year-on-year percent changes in constant price GDP. The base year is country-specific. Expenditure-based GDP is the total final expenditure at purchasers prices including the f.o.b. value of exports of goods and services, less the f.o.b. value of imports of goods and services. The series includes actual historical values for past years and forecast values for the current and the next few years.
percent
26.89
2028
annual
1980  -  2028
Expressed as a ratio of total investment in current local currency and GDP in current local currency. Investment or gross capital formation is measured by the total value of the gross fixed capital formation and changes in inventories and acquisitions less disposals of valuables for a unit or sector. The series includes actual historical values for past years and forecast values for the current and the next few years.
percent
1.55
2028
annual
1980  -  2028
Year-on-year percentage changes in end-of-period consumer prices. The series includes actual historical values for past years and forecast values for the current and the next few years.
percent
3.67
2028
annual
1980  -  2028
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labor force (the total number of people employed plus unemployed). The series includes actual historical values for past years and forecast values for the current and the next few years.
percent
-0.82
2028
annual
1980  -  2028
The structural budget balance refers to the general government cyclically adjusted balance adjusted for nonstructural elements beyond the economic cycle. These include temporary financial sector and asset price movements as well as one-off, or temporary, revenue or expenditure items. The cyclically adjusted balance is the fiscal balance adjusted for the effects of the economic cycle. The series includes actual historical values for past years and forecast values for the current and the next few years.
percent
13.36
2028
annual
1984  -  2028
The current account is all transactions other than those in financial and capital items. The major classifications are goods and services, income and current transfers. The series includes actual historical values for past years and forecast values for the current and the next few years.



Governance and business environment
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
points
68
2022
annual
2001  -  2022
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption. The indicator values are determined by using information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions.
points
1
2024
annual
1972  -  2024
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
points
1
2024
annual
1972  -  2024
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
points
80.20
2019
annual
2018  -  2019
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
percent
28.97
2015
annual
1991  -  2015
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018): Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years? The series are discontinued but can still serve as a benchmark in calibration exercises.



Political system
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
index points
0.831
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures the extent to which political power is gained and exercised through free and fair elections.
index points
0.725
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures the protection of individual rights and freedoms within a political system.
index points
0.660
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures the extent of citizen engagement and participation in public decision-making processes.
index points
0.734
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures the quality of public deliberation and discourse.
index points
0.745
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures the extent to which political power is distributed equally among different social groups.
index points
1.527
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures the constraint on government power through requirements for justification for its actions and potential sanctions.
index points
0.881
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures the government respect for press and media freedom, political discussion, and academic and cultural expression.
index points
0.216
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Composite index that measures corruption in the executive, legislative, and judicial realms. Higher values mean less corruption.
index points
0.916
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures fundamental civil liberties, women’s open discussion of political issues and participation in civil society organizations, and the representation of women in formal political positions.
index points
0.845
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Measures academics' rights to teach and discuss, carry out research, express freely their opinion with no censorship and the freedom to participate in professional or representative academic bodies.
1 elections, 0 otherwise
0.00
2022
annual
1960  -  2022
Equal to 1 in presidential elections years and zero otherwise.
1 elections, 0 otherwise
0.00
2022
annual
1960  -  2022



Infrastructure and transport characteristics
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
100.00
2016
annual
2012  -  2016
Mobile network coverage measures the percentage of inhabitants who are within range of a mobile cellular signal, irrespective of whether or not they are subscribers. This is calculated by dividing the number of inhabitants within range of a mobile cellular signal by the total population.
kilobits per second
60.37
2016
annual
2012  -  2016
International Internet bandwidth is the sum of the capacity of all Internet exchanges offering international bandwidth measured in kilobits per second (kb/s).
passenger cars
375841
2022
annual
2005  -  2022
The indicator estimates the number of new passenger car registrations and sales that took place within a country in a year. Passenger cars are road motor vehicles, other than a motor cycle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver).
commercial vehicles
39354
2022
annual
2005  -  2022
The indicator estimates the number of new commercial vehicle registrations and sales that took place within a country in a year. Commercial vehicles include light commercial vehicles, heavy trucks, coaches and buses (except for some countries in which the buses or heavy trucks data are not available).
points
5.60
2019
annual
2006  -  2019
The Road quality indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The road quality indicator score is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.
points
5.40
2019
annual
2009  -  2019
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for railroad infrastrucutre quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.
points
5.40
2019
annual
2006  -  2019
The Quality of port infrastrucutre indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of port facilities in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for port infrastrucutre quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the port facilities and inland waterways in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, the respondents are asked to rate the access to port facilities and inland waterways on a scale from 1 (impossible) to 7 (easy). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.
points
5.60
2019
annual
2006  -  2019
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for air transport infrastructure quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.



Industry: Oil, coal, and electricity
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
billion barrels
0.00
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Proved reserves of crude oil are the estimated quantities of all liquids defined as crude oil, which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable in future years from reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
thousand Barrels Per Day
0.20
2022
annual
1984  -  2022
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
thousand barrels per day
937.00
2014
annual
1980  -  2014
Oil consumption (Total petroleum consumption) includes internal consumption, refinery fuel and loss, and bunkering. Also included, where available, is direct combustion of crude oil.
thousand barrels per day
118.00
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Annual consumption of distillate fuel oils which consist of two main categories: diesel fuel and heating oil.
thousand barrels per day
259.55
2014
annual
1986  -  2014
Gasoline production includes production of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes production of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
thousand barrels per day
180.00
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Gasoline consumption includes the consumption of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes the consumption of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in the data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
thousand barrels per day
29.86
2014
annual
1986  -  2014
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases production also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.
thousand barrels per day
85.00
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases consumption also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.
thousand barrels per day
80.37
2014
annual
1986  -  2014
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel produced within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.
thousand barrels per day
43.93
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel consumed within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.
million short tons
1.10
2021
annual
2008  -  2021
Proven reserves of coal in million short tons. A short ton equals exactly 2,000 pounds or 907.18 kilograms.
thousand short tons
0.00
2022
annual
1980  -  2022
Total primary coal production (Coal includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale.)
thousand short tons
67338.46
2022
annual
1980  -  2022
Coal consumption includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale. It also includes net imports of metallurgical coke.
thousand short tons
70157.30
2022
annual
1980  -  2022
Amount of foreign coal shipped to the country.
thousand short tons
1.27
2022
annual
1980  -  2022
Amount of coal shipped to foreign destinations.
million kilowatts
59.37
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Total Electricity Installed Capacity (Million Kilowatts)
billion kilowatthours
286.96
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Total electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)
billion kilowatthours
278.15
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Total Electricity Net Consumption = total net electricity generation + electricity imports - electricity exports – electricity transmission and distribution losses. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Annual import of electricity in billion kWh.
billion kilowatthours
0.00
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Annual export of electricity in billion kWh.
million kilowatts
11.58
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
17.43
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Total Renewables Electricity Net Generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units and also excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage)



Energy mix
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
million kilowatts
42.30
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Installed capacity to produce electricity from fossil fuels including oil, coal, and natural gas.
billion kilowatthours
242.54
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from fossil fuels including oil, coal, and natural gas.
million kilowatts
1.06
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Installed capacity to produce electricity from wind in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
2.21
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from wind.
million kilowatts
7.70
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Installed capacity to produce electricity from sunlight in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
7.97
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from sunlight.
million kilowatts
2.09
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Installed capacity to produce hydroelectricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
3.47
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Hydroelectric generation excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage.
million kilowatts
2.89
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Installed capacity to produce hydroelectricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
27.79
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Nuclear electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)
million kilowatts
0.00
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Installed capacity to produce geothermal electricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
0.01
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
Billion kilowatthours of geothermal electricity generated.



Banking system access and depth
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
63.77
2021
annual
2011  -  2021
The percentage of respondents with a credit card (% age 15+). The data are from the World bank Global Financial Inclusion survey.
percent
81.45
2021
annual
2011  -  2021
The percentage of respondents with a debit card (% age 15+). Data are from the World Bank Global Financial Inclusion survey.
percent
25.08
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Raw data are from Bankscope. (Sum(data2025) for three largest banks in Bankscope) / (Sum(data2025) for all banks in Bankscope). Only reported if number of banks in Bankscope is 3 or more. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent of total bank assets
0.00
2005
annual
2005  -  2005
Percentage of the total banking assets that are held by foreign banks. A foreign bank is a bank where 50 percent or more of its shares are owned by foreigners.
percent
94.71
2021
annual
2011  -  2021
The percentage of respondents with an account (self or together with someone else) at a bank, credit union, another financial institution (e.g., cooperative, microfinance institution), or the post office (if applicable) including respondents who reported having a debit card (% age 15+).



Banking system efficiency and stability
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
61.71
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the sum of net-interest revenue and other operating income. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
1.08
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the value of all assets held. Total assets include total earning assets, cash and due from banks, foreclosed real estate, fixed assets, goodwill, other intangibles, current tax assets, deferred tax assets, discontinued operations and other assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
1.00
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Accounting value of bank's net interest revenue as a share of its average interest-bearing (total earning) assets. The numerator and denominator are aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
0.59
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged total assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
8.11
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged equity. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
index points
17.83
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
The index captures the probability of default of a country's banking system. Z-score compares the buffer of a country's banking system (capitalization and returns) with the volatility of those returns. It is estimated as (ROA+(equity/assets))/sd(ROA); sd(ROA) is the standard deviation of ROA. ROA, equity, and assets are country-level aggregate figures. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
28.60
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
The ratio of the value of liquid assets (easily converted to cash) to short-term funding plus total deposits. Liquid assets include cash and due from banks, trading securities and at fair value through income, loans and advances to banks, reverse repos and cash collaterals. Deposits and short term funding includes total customer deposits (current, savings and term) and short term borrowing (money market instruments, CDs and other deposits).
percent
48.35
2021
annual
2000  -  2021
Bank’s income that has been generated by noninterest related activities as a percentage of total income (net-interest income plus noninterest income). Noninterest related income includes net gains on trading and derivatives, net gains on other securities, net fees and commissions and other operating income. The number is only calculated when net-interest income is not negative. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
points
2.00
2019
annual
2013  -  2019
The strength of legal rights index measures whether certain features that facilitate lending exist within the appli­cable collateral and bankruptcy laws. The index ranges from 0 to 12 based on the methodology in the Doing Business 15-20 studies.



Stock market, insurance, pensions
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
62.91
2020
annual
1998  -  2020
Value of listed shares outside of the top ten largest companies to total value of all listed shares.
percent
71.88
2020
annual
1998  -  2020
Value of all traded shares outside of the top ten largest traded companies as a share of total value of all traded shares in a stock market exchange. WFE provides data on the exchange level. This variable is aggregated up to the country level by taking a simple average over exchanges.
percent
23.30
2020
annual
2013  -  2020
Ratio of assets of mutual funds to GDP. A mutual fund is a type of managed collective investment scheme that pools money from many investors to purchase securities. Data taken from a variety of sources such as Investment Company Institute and national sources.
percent
13.65
2020
annual
1992  -  2020
Ratio of life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data are taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators.
percent
0.84
2020
annual
1990  -  2020
Ratio of non-life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data are taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators.
percent
162.72
2020
annual
2003  -  2020
Ratio of assets of insurance companies to GDP. Data taken from a variety of sources such as AXCO and national sources.



Economic freedom indexes
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
points
82
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The property rights index measures the degree to which a country’s laws protect private property rights and the degree to which its government enforces those laws. It also assesses the likelihood that private property will be expropriated and analyzes the independence of the judiciary, the existence of corruption within the judiciary, and the ability of individuals and businesses to enforce contracts. Higher index values denote more certain legal protection of property.
points
73
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The score for the Freedom of corruption index is derived primarily from Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. For countries that are not covered in the CPI the freedom from corruption score is determined by using information from internationally recognized and reliable sources. Higher index values denote lower level of corruption.
points
90
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The Fiscal freedom index measures the tax burden imposed by government. It is composed of three quantitative factors: the top marginal tax rate on individual income, the top marginal tax rate on corporate income, and the total tax burden as a percentage of GDP.
points
85
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The Business freedom index is based on 10 indicators, using data from the World Bank’s Doing Business study: Starting a business-procedures (number), time (days), cost (% of income per capita), and minimum capital (% of income per capita); Obtaining a license—procedures (number), time (days), and cost (% of income per capita); Closing a business—time (years), cost (% of estate), and recovery rate (cents on the dollar).
points
69
2024
annual
2005  -  2024
The Labor freedom index is composed of six quantitative factors: ratio of minimum wage to the average value added per worker, hindrance to hiring additional workers, rigidity of hours, difficulty of firing redundant employees, legally mandated notice period, and mandatory severance pay. The index is based on data collected in connection with the World Bank’s Doing Business study.
points
80.10
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The score for the Monetary freedom index is based on two factors: the weighted average inflation rate for the most recent three years and price controls. Higher index values denote price stability without microeconomic intervention.
points
86
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The Trade freedom index is based on two indicators: the trade-weighted average tariff rate and non-tariff barriers (including quantity, price, regulatory, customs and investment restrictions, and direct government intervention).
points
70
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The Investment freedom index evaluates a variety of investment restrictions (burdensome bureaucracy, restrictions on land ownership, expropriation of investments without fair compensation, foreign exchange controls, capital control, security problems, a lack of basic investment infrastructure, etc.). Points are deducted from the ideal score of 100 for each of the restrictions found in a country’s investment regime.
points
60
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The Financial freedom index evaluates: the extent of government regulation of financial services, the degree of state intervention in banks and other financial firms through direct and indirect ownership, the extent of financial and capital market development, government influence on the allocation of credit and openness to foreign competition. Higher index values denote banking efficiency and independence from government control and interference in the financial sector.
index points
80
2024
annual
1995  -  2024
The Overall index of economic freedom has ten components grouped into four broad categories: Rule of Law; Limited Government; Regulatory Efficiency and Open Markets. The overall economic freedom is scored on a scale of 0 to 100, where 100 represents the maximum freedom.



Covid pandemic
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
new Covid tests
2364687
Jun/2022
monthly
2/2020 - 6/2022
The number of new COVID tests made per month.
new Covid tests per thousand people
99
Jun/2022
monthly
2/2020 - 6/2022
New Covid tests per thousand people during a month.
total Covid tests
13000000
Jun/2022
monthly
2/2020 - 6/2022
Total tests for Covid at the end of month.
total tests per thousand people
546
Jun/2022
monthly
2/2020 - 6/2022
Total Covid tests per thousand people at the end of month.
new Covid vaccinations
617841
Feb/2023
monthly
3/2021 - 2/2023
The number of new Covid vaccinations per month.
total Covid vaccinations
67100000
Feb/2023
monthly
3/2021 - 2/2023
Total vaccinations for Covid at the end of month.
Covid vaccinations per hundred people
280.81
Feb/2023
monthly
3/2021 - 2/2023
Total Covid vaccinations per hundred people.
total people vaccinated
21900000
Feb/2023
monthly
3/2021 - 2/2023
Total people vaccinated against Covid at the end of month.
Covid vaccinated people per hundred people
91.53
Feb/2023
monthly
3/2021 - 2/2023
Total people vaccinated against Covid per hundred people.
total fully-vaccinated people
20700000
Feb/2023
monthly
6/2021 - 2/2023
Total fully-vaccinated people against Covid.
Covid fully vaccinated people per hundred people
86.77
Feb/2023
monthly
6/2021 - 2/2023
Covid fully vaccinated people per hundred people.
rate
1.17
Jan/2023
monthly
3/2020 - 1/2023
The expected number of Covid cases directly generated by one Covid case in a population.
index
18
Dec/2022
monthly
2/2020 - 12/2022
The index varies between 0 and 100 that records the strictness of government policies regarding Covid-19 pandemic. (0 - lowest strictness, 100 - highest strictness).
rate
0.81
Jun/2022
monthly
2/2020 - 6/2022
Share of total COVID-19 tests that were positive.



Education spending and outcomes
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
index points
547.094
2022
annual
2006  -  2022
Measure of the 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on mathematics from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) run by the OECD.
index points
515.167
2022
annual
2006  -  2022
Measure of the 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on reading from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) run by the OECD.
index points
537.380
2022
annual
2006  -  2022
Measure of the 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance on science from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) run by the OECD.



Globalization indexes
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
points
49.28
2015
annual
2015  -  2015
The degree of political globalization is determined by the number of embassies and high commissions in a country, the number of international organizations to which the country is a member, the number of UN peace missions a country participated in, and the number of treaties signed between two or more states. More information and the original data can be obtained here.
points
46.84
2015
annual
2015  -  2015
Social globalization has three dimensions: personal contacts, information flows, and cultural proximity. The sub-index on personal contacts includes international telecom traffic, degree of tourism, transfers, foreign population, and number of international letters. The sub-index on information flows includes number of internet users, share of households with a television set, and trade in newspapers. The sub-index on cultural proximity includes trade in books and number of McDonald’s restaurants and Ikea located in a country. More information and the original data can be obtained here.



Shares of world totals
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
0.00
2021
annual
1980  -  2021
The share of world oil reserves is calculated as the proven oil reserves of a country as percent of the total proven oil reserves for the world.



Industry: Diamond production and trade
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
carats
0.00
2020
annual
2020  -  2020
Annual diamond production expressed in carats.
million USD
0.00
2020
annual
2020  -  2020
Annual diamond production expressed in million USD.
USD per carat
0.00
2020
annual
2020  -  2020
The USD value per carat of the diamonds produced in a country.
carats
71098219.52
2020
annual
2018  -  2020
Diamond exports expressed in carats.
million USD
71.10
2020
annual
2018  -  2020
Diamond exports expressed in million USD.
USD per carat
10852.54
2020
annual
2018  -  2020
The USD per carat value of diamond exports.
carats
20131.52
2020
annual
2018  -  2020
Annual diamond imports expressed in carats.
million USD
71.90
2020
annual
2018  -  2020
Diamond imports expressed in million USD.
USD per carat
3571.74
2020
annual
2018  -  2020
The USD per carat value of diamond imports.



Minerals
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
kilograms
2
2001
annual
2001  -  2001
Gold production in kilograms.



Crime statistics
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
prisoners per 100,000 people
266
2017
annual
2014  -  2017
Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.
homicides per 100,000 people
0.8
2015
annual
2000  -  2015
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.



Religious composition of the population
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
percent
21.1
2013
annual
1960  -  2013
Buddhists as percent of the total population.
percent
0.0
2013
annual
1960  -  2013
Muslims as percent of the total population.
percent
5.6
2013
annual
1960  -  2013
Christians as percent of the total population.



Price level
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
index points
78.15
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The cost of living index summarizes the level of prices paid by households and non-profit organizations that provide services to households. It incorporates all goods and services in the average consumption basket with appropriate weights. The data are from the World Bank International Comparison Program.
index points
124.157
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
Broad based food price index. The world average food price level is set at 100. Higher values for a country indicate more expensive food prices relative to the world and other countries.
index points
129.75
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
Broad-based fruit price index with world average set at 100. Higher values indicate greater prices.
index points
169.64
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
Broad-based vegetable price index with world average set at 100. Higher values indicate greater prices.
index points
125.11
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index measures the cost of bread and cereals with a world average set at 100. Higher values indicate more expensive bread and cereals relative to other countries.
index points
130.98
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
Index of milk, cheese, and eggs prices with a world average set at 100. Higher values indicate higher prices.
index points
113.11
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index measures the cost of meat and allows international price comparison.
index points
120.14
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
Index of fish and seafood prices with a world average set at 100. Higher values of the index indicate higher fish and seafood prices.
index points
127.10
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index measures the cost of in-store retail alcoholic beverage purchases. The world average is set at 100 with greater values indicating more expensive alcohol.
index points
65.09
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
A broad-based index of the cost of clothing and footwear designed to allow international comparison.
index points
74.741
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index reflects the cost of housing, gas, electricity and other fuels. The world average price level is set at 100. Higher values indicate more expensive housing and utilities prices relative to the world average and other countries.
index points
91.17
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index measures the cost of furniture, household equipment, and household maintenance services.
index points
46.60
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
A broad-based healthcare cost index that allows comparison between countries. The world average is set at 100 and higher index values indicate higher a healthcare cost.
index points
85.17
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The transport price index is a broad measure of the cost of road, rail, and air transport. The values across countries can be compared to determine relative price levels.
index points
56.02
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The hotel and restaurant price index shows the relative prices of those services across countries. Greater values indicate higher prices.
index points
117.88
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index summarizes the cost of vehicle purchases by country to allow international price comparison. The world average is set at 100.
index points
63.80
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index measures the prices of communication services including mobile phone plans and internet connections.
index points
58.90
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index measures the cost of recreation and culture services such as the prices of books and tickets for movies, theatre, museums and sporting events.
index points
87.47
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index measures the cost of education services across all levels of education.
index points
119.22
2017
annual
2017  -  2017
The index measures the general price level for machinery and equipment by country with a world average set at 100.



Other indicators
Measure
Frequency
Latest value
Reference
Time coverage
points
6.61
2023
annual
2013  -  2023
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
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