Taiwan Economic Indicators

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GDP and economic growth
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
quarterly
Q2/2019
2.41
Q1/1962 - Q2/2019
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
percent
quarterly
Q2/2019
1.15
Q2/1982 - Q2/2019
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
billion TWD
quarterly
Q1/2019
4459.92
Q1/1961 - Q1/2019
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
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Business cycle indicators
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
monthly
Jul/2019
3.03
1/1997 - 7/2019
The indicator shows the percent change in the index of industrial production from the same month last year. Industrial production includes mining and quarrying, manufacturing, and electricity production.
index points
monthly
Jul/2019
105.46
1/1999 - 7/2019
The retail sales index is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. The retail sales index measures only the volume changes, i.e. price changes are not considered.
percent
monthly
Jun/2019
3.50
1/2000 - 6/2019
The retail sales Y-on-Y is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. Retail sales Y-on-Y is calculated as the percent change in the Retail sales index from the same month the previous year. The Retail sales Y-on-Y measures only volume changes, i.e. price changes are not considered.
numbers
monthly
Jun/2019
9279
1/2001 - 6/2019
Building permits are a type of authorization that must be granted by a government or other regulatory body before the construction of a new or existing building can legally occur.
points
monthly
Jul/2019
81.48
12/2012 - 7/2019
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing or building a home or buying a car. The survey gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
index points
monthly
Jul/2019
48.10
5/2018 - 7/2019
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
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Consumption and investment
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
billion TWD
quarterly
Q1/2019
2409.06
Q1/1961 - Q1/2019
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
54.02
Q1/1961 - Q1/2019
Household Consumption as percent of GDP
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
1.71
Q1/1962 - Q1/2019
The percent change in Household Consumption from the same quarter last year.
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
1.71
Q1/1962 - Q1/2019
The percent change in Household Consumption from the same quarter last year.
billion TWD
quarterly
Q1/2019
979.61
Q1/1961 - Q1/2019
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
21.96
Q1/1961 - Q1/2019
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings as percent of GDP
percent
quarterly
Q1/2019
8.75
Q1/1962 - Q1/2019
The percent change in investment (Physical Capital Accumulation) from the same quarter last year.
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Money
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
billion TWD
monthly
Jun/2019
45044.08
5/1987 - 6/2019
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
index points
monthly
Jul/2019
102.88
1/1960 - 7/2019
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
percent
monthly
Jul/2019
-0.10
2/1960 - 7/2019
The percentage change in the CPI from one month to the next.
percent
monthly
Jul/2019
0.40
1/1961 - 7/2019
Percent change in the CPI from the same month last year.
billion TWD
monthly
Jun/2019
24392.08
1/1997 - 6/2019
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion TWD
monthly
Jun/2019
11464.18
1/1997 - 6/2019
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion TWD
monthly
Jun/2019
12927.90
1/1997 - 6/2019
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
billion TWD
monthly
Jun/2019
7225.47
1/1997 - 6/2019
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
billion TWD
monthly
Jun/2019
5702.44
1/1997 - 6/2019
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
percent
monthly
Jun/2019
1.04
7/1975 - 6/2019
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Local Currency Units per USD
monthly
Jul/2019
31.0878
1/2000 - 7/2019
The amount of local currency units that can be exchanged for one USD. An increase (decrease) means USD appreciation (depreciation).
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Labor market
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
million employed people
monthly
Jul/2019
11.51
1/1978 - 7/2019
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
percent
monthly
Jul/2019
3.82
1/1978 - 7/2019
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
index points
monthly
Jun/2019
598.89
1/1980 - 6/2019
The index reflects the level of the total compensation of employees in the economy.
currency units
monthly
May/2019
23100.00
1/2002 - 5/2019
Minimum wage is the minimum amount of remuneration that an employer is required to pay wage earners for the work performed during a given period, which cannot be reduced by collective agreement or an individual contract. 
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International trade and investment
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
million USD
quarterly
Q2/2019
17555.00
Q1/1984 - Q2/2019
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
million USD
quarterly
Q2/2019
95557.00
Q1/1984 - Q2/2019
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
billion TWD
monthly
Jun/2019
14653.31
5/1987 - 6/2019
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
million USD
quarterly
Q2/2019
1250.00
Q1/1984 - Q2/2019
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
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Government spending and balances
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
billion TWD
quarterly
Q1/2019
658.47
Q1/1961 - Q1/2019
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Sovereign rating index and outlook
quarterly
0.0
4/1989 - 11/2018
S&P includes long-term ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating. Moody’s includes long-term ratings from the highest Aaa to the lowest C. Fitch includes long-term ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating.

For all three credit rating agencies the ratings are divided into two large groups based on the level of credit risk: investment grade for lower levels of credit risk and speculative grade for higher levels of credit risk. For S&P and Fitch investment grade issues/issuers are those from BBB and above, while those from BB and below are categorized as speculative grade. Moody’s denotes as investment grade issues/issuers from Baa3 and above, while ratings from Ba1 and bellow fall to the category of speculative grade.

All three agencies include modifiers into to their generic alphabet-based ratings for particular ranges. S&P and Fitch ratings are modified with “+” or “-“ from the range AA to CCC. Moody’s appends numerical modifiers from 1 to 3 to the generic rating classifications from Aa to Caa. 1 indicates standing in the higher end of the generic category, while 3 indicates ranking in the lower end. All modifiers denote relative status within major rating categories.

Rating outlooks indicate the direction the rating is likely to move over a one to two year period. In determining an outlook consideration is given to any changes in fundamental business conditions. Credit watch focuses on identifiable events that cause ratings to be placed under special surveillance.

Rating Outlooks/Watches for the three agencies are the following:

- Positive means that a rating may be raised
- Negative means that a rating may be lowered
- Stable means a rating is not likely to change
- When the fundamental trend has strong, conflicting elements of both positive and negative, the outlook/watch is denoted as Developing.

Credit watches do not include Stable watch because they are only event-driven and denote higher probability of change in the rating. Credit Outlooks and Watches are mutually exclusive.
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Forecast from the IMF
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
annual
2024
2.12
1980  -  2024
Year-on-year percent changes in constant price GDP. The base year is country-specific. Expenditure-based GDP is the total final expenditure at purchasers prices including the f.o.b. value of exports of goods and services, less the f.o.b. value of imports of goods and services.
percent
annual
2024
20.51
1980  -  2024
Expressed as a ratio of total investment in current local currency and GDP in current local currency. Investment or gross capital formation is measured by the total value of the gross fixed capital formation and changes in inventories and acquisitions less disposals of valuables for a unit or sector.
percent
annual
2024
1.44
1980  -  2024
Year-on-year percentage changes in end-of-period consumer prices.
percent
annual
2024
3.66
1980  -  2024
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labor force (the total number of people employed plus unemployed).
percent
annual
2024
-1.65
1980  -  2024
The structural budget balance refers to the general government cyclically adjusted balance adjusted for nonstructural elements beyond the economic cycle. These include temporary financial sector and asset price movements as well as one-off, or temporary, revenue or expenditure items. The cyclically adjusted balance is the fiscal balance adjusted for the effects of the economic cycle.
percent
annual
2024
9.45
1984  -  2024
The current account is all transactions other than those in financial and capital items. The major classifications are goods and services, income and current transfers.
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Business environment
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
points
annual
2017
5.33
2006  -  2017
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness. The pillars are organized as followed: Basic requirements (Institutions, Infrastructure, Macroeconomic Stability, Health and Primary Education); Efficiency enhancers (Higher Education and Training, Goods Market Efficiency, Labour Market Efficiency, Financial Market Sophistication, Technological Readiness, Market Size), and Innovation and sophistication factors (Business Sophistication, Innovation).
points
annual
2018
79.30
2018  -  2018
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
index points
annual
2019
1.50
2004  -  2019
The FDI Confidence Index is an indicator created by A.T. Kearney, a global management consulting firm operating in 40 countries across the world. The index ranks countries on a scale from 0 to 3 based on their attractiveness for foreign direct investments. A score of 3 represents the highest level of confidence. The index is constructed using data from a survey capturing the opinions of senior executives and regional and business leaders from 27 countries with high FDI outword flows. Within the survey, the respondents are asked what is the likelihood to make a direct investment in a given country over the next three years: high, medium, low or "no interest". The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.
percent
annual
2015
28.97
1991  -  2015
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018): Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years?
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Governance, institutions, corruption
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
points
annual
2017
1.14
1996  -  2017
The index for Rule of Law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence.
points
annual
2017
1.27
1996  -  2017
The index of Government Effectiveness captures perceptions of the quality of public services, the quality of the civil service and the degree of its independence from political pressures, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government's commitment to such policies.
points
annual
2017
0.96
1996  -  2017
The index for Control of Corruption captures perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as capture of the state by elites and private interests.
points
annual
2017
1.37
1996  -  2017
The index of Regulatory Quality captures perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development.
points
annual
2017
1.01
1996  -  2017
The index for Voice and Accountability captures perceptions of the extent to which the citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.
points
annual
2017
0.89
1996  -  2017
The index of Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism. The index is an average of several other indexes from the Economist Intelligence Unit, the World Economic Forum, and the Political Risk Services, among others.
points
annual
2018
63
2001  -  2018
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption. The indicator values are determined by using information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions.
points
annual
2019
1
1972  -  2019
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
points
annual
2019
1
1972  -  2019
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
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Tax rates and revenue sources
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
annual
2019
20
2006  -  2019
The highest statutory corporate tax rate at central government level. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.
percent
annual
2019
40
2006  -  2019
The highest statutory marginal tax rate applied to the taxable income of individuals. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.
percent
annual
2019
5
2006  -  2019
Statutory VAT rates or consumption taxes similar to a VAT. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.
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Country risk indicators
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
index points
annual
2019
1
2014  -  2019
The short-term political risk classification measures the likelihood of a risk caused by political and assimilated events connected to cross-border transactions with a risk horizon of up to 1 year. In order to assess this risk, Credendo uses a quantitative model, essentially focusing on the evolution of the liquidity situation of the debtor/obligor countries. The aim is to assess the capacity of a country to honour its short-term payment obligations. The model closely follows any deterioration or improvement in the situation of the debtor countries. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2019
1.0
2014  -  2019
The medium-/long-term political risk classification measures the likelihood of a risk caused by political and assimilated events connected to cross-border transactions with a risk horizon beyond 1 year. Credendo developed a quantitative model measuring especially the countries’ solvency. It combines an assessment of the economic and financial situation, an assessment of the political situation and a payment experience analysis for each country. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2019
1
2014  -  2019
The premium category set for political risk related to (special) cash transactions is based on Credendo’s classification for respectively short-term and medium-/long-term political risks related to credit transactions. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2019
1
2014  -  2019
The currency inconvertibility and transfer restriction risk refers to the inability to convert and transfer out of the host country any funds related to the investment. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2019
1
2014  -  2019
The risk of expropriation encompasses all discriminatory measures taken by a host government which deprive the investor of its investment without any adequate compensation; for the purpose of analysing the expropriation risk, events of embargo, change of (legal) regime and denial of justice are included. In order to assess the expropriation risk Credendo not only assesses the risk attached to expropriation as such, but also the functioning of legal institutions in the host country and the probability of a negative change in attitude towards foreign investments. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2019
2
2014  -  2019
Political Violence includes all violent act(s) undertaken with a political objective; this concept is broader than ‘war’ and includes: terrorism (political, religious and ideological objectives) and political violence damage (damage to material assets as a result of political violence); for the purposes of analysing the political violence risk, types of business interruption as a result of political violence damage are included. In order to assess the political violence risk, Credendo looks at the actual levels of internal violence in and external conflict with a country, but also at the conflict potential that arises from (lingering) internal and external tensions, frustration and dissatisfaction. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk).
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Infrastructure and transport characteristics
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
subscribers
annual
2018
5725022
2017  -  2018
Fixed broadband subscriptions refers to fixed subscriptions to high-speed access to the public Internet (a TCP/IP connection), at downstream speeds equal to, or greater than, 256 kbit/s. This includes cable modem, DSL, fiber-to-the-home/building, other fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions, satellite broadband and terrestrial fixed wireless broadband. This total is measured irrespective of the method of payment. It excludes subscriptions that have access to data communications (including the Internet) via mobile-cellular networks. It should include fixed WiMAX and any other fixed wireless technologies. It includes both residential subscriptions and subscriptions for organizations.
percent
annual
2018
24.13
2017  -  2018
Fixed broadband subscriptions refers to fixed subscriptions to high-speed access to the public Internet (a TCP/IP connection), at downstream speeds equal to, or greater than, 256 kbit/s. This includes cable modem, DSL, fiber-to-the-home/building, other fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions, satellite broadband and terrestrial fixed wireless broadband. This total is measured irrespective of the method of payment. It excludes subscriptions that have access to data communications (including the Internet) via mobile-cellular networks. It should include fixed WiMAX and any other fixed wireless technologies. It includes both residential subscriptions and subscriptions for organizations.
million subscribers
annual
2018
29.34
2017  -  2018
Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service that provide access to the PSTN using cellular technology. The indicator includes (and is split into) the number of postpaid subscriptions, and the number of active prepaid accounts (i.e. that have been used during the last three months). The indicator applies to all mobile cellular subscriptions that offer voice communications. It excludes subscriptions via data cards or USB modems, subscriptions to public mobile data services, private trunked mobile radio, telepoint, radio paging and telemetry services.
subscribers per 100 people
annual
2018
123.66
2017  -  2018
Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service that provide access to the PSTN using cellular technology. The indicator includes (and is split into) the number of postpaid subscriptions, and the number of active prepaid accounts (i.e. that have been used during the last three months). The indicator applies to all mobile cellular subscriptions that offer voice communications. It excludes subscriptions via data cards or USB modems, subscriptions to public mobile data services, private trunked mobile radio, telepoint, radio paging and telemetry services.
points
annual
2018
5.30
2009  -  2018
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for railroad infrastrucutre quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.
passenger cars
annual
2018
389328
2005  -  2018
The indicator estimates the number of new passenger car registrations and sales that took place within a country in a year. Passenger cars are road motor vehicles, other than a motor cycle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver).
commercial vehicles
annual
2018
33854
2005  -  2018
The indicator estimates the number of new commercial vehicle registrations and sales that took place within a country in a year. Commercial vehicles include light commercial vehicles, heavy trucks, coaches and buses (except for some countries in which the buses or heavy trucks data are not available).
points
annual
2018
5.20
2006  -  2018
The Quality of port infrastrucutre indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of port facilities in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for port infrastrucutre quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the port facilities and inland waterways in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, the respondents are asked to rate the access to port facilities and inland waterways on a scale from 1 (impossible) to 7 (easy). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.
kilobits per second
annual
2016
60.37
2012  -  2016
International Internet bandwidth is the sum of the capacity of all Internet exchanges offering international bandwidth measured in kilobits per second (kb/s).
points
annual
2018
5.50
2006  -  2018
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for air transport infrastructure quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.
percent
annual
2016
100.00
2012  -  2016
Mobile network coverage measures the percentage of inhabitants who are within range of a mobile cellular signal, irrespective of whether or not they are subscribers. This is calculated by dividing the number of inhabitants within range of a mobile cellular signal by the total population.
points
annual
2018
5.50
2006  -  2018
The Road quality indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The road quality indicator score is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.
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Industry: Oil, coal, and electricity
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
billion barrels
annual
2019
0.00
1980  -  2019
Proved reserves of crude oil are the estimated quantities of all liquids defined as crude oil, which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable in future years from reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2014
173.54
1986  -  2014
Gasoline production includes production of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes production of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2014
80.60
1986  -  2014
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel produced within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2012
41.00
1986  -  2012
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases production also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2014
937.00
1980  -  2014
Oil consumption (Total petroleum consumption) includes internal consumption, refinery fuel and loss, and bunkering. Also included, where available, is direct combustion of crude oil.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2016
179.74
1980  -  2016
Gasoline consumption includes the consumption of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes the consumption of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in the data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2016
62.47
1980  -  2016
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel consumed within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2012
61.00
1980  -  2012
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases consumption also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.
million short tons
annual
2017
1.10
2008  -  2017
Proven reserves of coal in million short tons. A short ton equals exactly 2,000 pounds or 907.18 kilograms.
thousand short tons
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Total primary coal production (Coal includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale.)
thousand short tons
annual
2016
72649.58
1980  -  2016
Coal consumption includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale. It also includes net imports of metallurgical coke.
thousand short tons
annual
2016
72343.02
1980  -  2016
Amount of foreign coal shipped to the country.
thousand short tons
annual
2016
1.33
1980  -  2016
Amount of coal shipped to foreign destinations.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
246.09
1980  -  2016
Total electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
237.40
1980  -  2016
Total Electricity Net Consumption = total net electricity generation + electricity imports - electricity exports – electricity transmission and distribution losses. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
49.52
1980  -  2016
Total Electricity Installed Capacity (Million Kilowatts)
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Annual import of electricity in billion kWh.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Annual export of electricity in billion kWh.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
4.39
1980  -  2016
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
12.62
1980  -  2016
Total Renewables Electricity Net Generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units and also excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage)
thousand Barrels Per Day
annual
2018
0.20
1980  -  2018
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
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Energy mix
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
million kilowatts
annual
2016
37.47
1980  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce electricity from fossil fuels including oil, coal, and natural gas.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
203.51
1980  -  2016
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from fossil fuels including oil, coal, and natural gas.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.68
2000  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce electricity from wind in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
1.46
1980  -  2016
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from wind.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
1.21
2000  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce electricity from sunlight in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
1.13
1980  -  2016
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from sunlight.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
2.09
1980  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce hydroelectricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
6.50
1980  -  2016
Hydroelectric generation excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
5.05
1980  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce hydroelectricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
30.46
1980  -  2016
Nuclear electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.00
2000  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce geothermal electricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Billion kilowatthours of geothermal electricity generated.
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Banking system access
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
annual
2017
53.46
2011  -  2017
The percentage of respondents with a credit card (% age 15+). The data are from the World bank Global Financial Inclusion survey.
percent
annual
2017
74.44
2011  -  2017
The percentage of respondents with a debit card (% age 15+). Data are from the World Bank Global Financial Inclusion survey.
percent
annual
2016
24.60
1996  -  2016
Raw data are from Bankscope. (Sum(data2025) for three largest banks in Bankscope) / (Sum(data2025) for all banks in Bankscope). Only reported if number of banks in Bankscope is 3 or more. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
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Banking system stability
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
index points
annual
2016
16.51
1996  -  2016
The index captures the probability of default of a country's banking system. Z-score compares the buffer of a country's banking system (capitalization and returns) with the volatility of those returns. It is estimated as (ROA+(equity/assets))/sd(ROA); sd(ROA) is the standard deviation of ROA. ROA, equity, and assets are country-level aggregate figures. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
annual
2016
18.33
1996  -  2016
The ratio of the value of liquid assets (easily converted to cash) to short-term funding plus total deposits. Liquid assets include cash and due from banks, trading securities and at fair value through income, loans and advances to banks, reverse repos and cash collaterals. Deposits and short term funding includes total customer deposits (current, savings and term) and short term borrowing (money market instruments, CDs and other deposits).
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Banking system efficiency
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
annual
2016
1.25
1996  -  2016
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the value of all assets held. Total assets include total earning assets, cash and due from banks, foreclosed real estate, fixed assets, goodwill, other intangibles, current tax assets, deferred tax assets, discontinued operations and other assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
annual
2016
0.69
1996  -  2016
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged total assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
annual
2016
9.61
1996  -  2016
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged equity. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
annual
2014
40.48
1996  -  2014
Bank’s income that has been generated by noninterest related activities as a percentage of total income (net-interest income plus noninterest income). Noninterest related income includes net gains on trading and derivatives, net gains on other securities, net fees and commissions and other operating income. The number is only calculated when net-interest income is not negative. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
annual
2016
1.17
1996  -  2016
Accounting value of bank's net interest revenue as a share of its average interest-bearing (total earning) assets. The numerator and denominator are aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
percent
annual
2014
50.39
1996  -  2014
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the sum of net-interest revenue and other operating income. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.
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Banking system: other indicators
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent of total bank assets
annual
2005
0.00
2005  -  2005
Percentage of the total banking assets that are held by foreign banks. A foreign bank is a bank where 50 percent or more of its shares are owned by foreigners.
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Stock market development
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
annual
2016
70.54
1998  -  2016
Value of listed shares outside of the top ten largest companies to total value of all listed shares.
percent
annual
2016
73.71
1998  -  2016
Value of all traded shares outside of the top ten largest traded companies as a share of total value of all traded shares in a stock market exchange. WFE provides data on the exchange level. This variable is aggregated up to the country level by taking a simple average over exchanges.
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Insurance, non-banks and pensions
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
annual
2016
15.91
1992  -  2016
Ratio of life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data are taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators.
percent
annual
2016
0.81
1990  -  2016
Ratio of non-life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data are taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators.
percent
annual
2016
132.00
2003  -  2016
Ratio of assets of insurance companies to GDP. Data taken from a variety of sources such as AXCO and national sources.
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Economic freedom indexes
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
points
annual
2019
85
1995  -  2019
The property rights index measures the degree to which a country’s laws protect private property rights and the degree to which its government enforces those laws. It also assesses the likelihood that private property will be expropriated and analyzes the independence of the judiciary, the existence of corruption within the judiciary, and the ability of individuals and businesses to enforce contracts. Higher index values denote more certain legal protection of property.
points
annual
2019
69
1995  -  2019
The score for the Freedom of corruption index is derived primarily from Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. For countries that are not covered in the CPI the freedom from corruption score is determined by using information from internationally recognized and reliable sources. Higher index values denote lower level of corruption.
points
annual
2019
75
1995  -  2019
The Fiscal freedom index measures the tax burden imposed by government. It is composed of three quantitative factors: the top marginal tax rate on individual income, the top marginal tax rate on corporate income, and the total tax burden as a percentage of GDP.
points
annual
2019
93
1995  -  2019
The Business freedom index is based on 10 indicators, using data from the World Bank’s Doing Business study: Starting a business-procedures (number), time (days), cost (% of income per capita), and minimum capital (% of income per capita); Obtaining a license—procedures (number), time (days), and cost (% of income per capita); Closing a business—time (years), cost (% of estate), and recovery rate (cents on the dollar).
points
annual
2019
61
2005  -  2019
The Labor freedom index is composed of six quantitative factors: ratio of minimum wage to the average value added per worker, hindrance to hiring additional workers, rigidity of hours, difficulty of firing redundant employees, legally mandated notice period, and mandatory severance pay. The index is based on data collected in connection with the World Bank’s Doing Business study.
points
annual
2019
84.40
1995  -  2019
The score for the Monetary freedom index is based on two factors: the weighted average inflation rate for the most recent three years and price controls. Higher index values denote price stability without microeconomic intervention.
points
annual
2019
87
1995  -  2019
The Trade freedom index is based on two indicators: the trade-weighted average tariff rate and non-tariff barriers (including quantity, price, regulatory, customs and investment restrictions, and direct government intervention).
points
annual
2019
60
1995  -  2019
The Investment freedom index evaluates a variety of investment restrictions (burdensome bureaucracy, restrictions on land ownership, expropriation of investments without fair compensation, foreign exchange controls, capital control, security problems, a lack of basic investment infrastructure, etc.). Points are deducted from the ideal score of 100 for each of the restrictions found in a country’s investment regime.
points
annual
2019
60
1995  -  2019
The Financial freedom index evaluates: the extent of government regulation of financial services, the degree of state intervention in banks and other financial firms through direct and indirect ownership, the extent of financial and capital market development, government influence on the allocation of credit and openness to foreign competition. Higher index values denote banking efficiency and independence from government control and interference in the financial sector.
index points
annual
2019
77
1995  -  2019
The Overall index of economic freedom has ten components grouped into four broad categories: Rule of Law; Limited Government; Regulatory Efficiency and Open Markets. The overall economic freedom is scored on a scale of 0 to 100, where 100 represents the maximum freedom.
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Globalization indexes
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
points
annual
2015
49.28
2015  -  2015
The degree of political globalization is determined by the number of embassies and high commissions in a country, the number of international organizations to which the country is a member, the number of UN peace missions a country participated in, and the number of treaties signed between two or more states.
points
annual
2015
46.84
2015  -  2015
Social globalization has three dimensions: personal contacts, information flows, and cultural proximity. The sub-index on personal contacts includes international telecom traffic, degree of tourism, transfers, foreign population, and number of international letters. The sub-index on information flows includes number of internet users, share of households with a television set, and trade in newspapers. The sub-index on cultural proximity includes trade in books and number of McDonald’s restaurants and Ikea located in a country.
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Shares of world totals
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
annual
2017
0.00
1980  -  2017
The share of world oil reserves is calculated as the proven oil reserves of a country as percent of the total proven oil reserves for the world.
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Industry: Diamond production and trade
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
carats
annual
2018
1026.35
2018  -  2018
Diamond exports expressed in carats.
million USD
annual
2018
5.76
2018  -  2018
Diamond exports expressed in million USD.
USD per carat
annual
2018
5615.32
2018  -  2018
The USD per carat value of diamond exports.
carats
annual
2018
54980.53
2018  -  2018
Annual diamond imports expressed in carats.
million USD
annual
2018
7.38
2018  -  2018
Diamond imports expressed in million USD.
USD per carat
annual
2018
134.21
2018  -  2018
The USD per carat value of diamond imports.
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Crime statistics
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
prisoners per 100,000 people
annual
2017
266
2014  -  2017
Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.
homicides per 100,000 people
annual
2015
0.8
2000  -  2015
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
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Religious composition of the population
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
percent
annual
2013
21.1
1960  -  2013
Buddhists as percent of the total population.
percent
annual
2013
5.6
1960  -  2013
Christians as percent of the total population.
percent
annual
2013
0.0
1960  -  2013
Muslims as percent of the total population.
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Other indicators
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
index points
annual
2018
5.47
2008  -  2018
points
annual
2019
6.45
2013  -  2019
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
million USD (constant 2011 prices)
annual
2012
10721.00
2010  -  2012
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities. Also: military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions; operations and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid. Defense and current expenditure for past military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and weapon destruction, are not included.
percent
annual
2012
2.30
2010  -  2012
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities. Also: military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions; operations and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid. Defense and current expenditure for past military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and weapon destruction, are not included.
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