Economic indicators for Syria

GDP and economic growth
Type
Latest value
annual
5.70


Time coverage
1961 - 2007
annual
40.41


Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
2058.04


Time coverage
1960 - 2007
GDP components
Type
Latest value
annual
27.80


Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
11.23
Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
23.87
Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
28.94


Time coverage
1977 - 2007
annual
11.69
Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1977 - 2007
annual
32.97


Time coverage
1985 - 2007
annual
14.51
Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1985 - 2007
annual
1.65
Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1990 - 2002
annual
21.60
Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1985 - 2007
Money
Type
Latest value
monthly
0.0000
The amount of local currency units that can be exchanged for one USD. An increase (decrease) means USD appreciation (depreciation).

Time coverage
07 / 2009  - 07 / 2018 
annual
492.61


Time coverage
1960 - 2017
Labor
Type
Latest value
annual
4.76


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
annual
14.20


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
41.31


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
10.77


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
34.91


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
41.07


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
annual
14.42


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
annual
11.87


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
annual
70.15


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
International
Type
Latest value
annual
151.35


Time coverage
2000 - 2016
annual
76.48
Exports plus imports as percent of GDP.

Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
38.64


Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
15.61
xports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
1.41


Time coverage
1976 - 2007
annual
37.83


Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
15.29
Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
3.07


Time coverage
1970 - 2007
annual
1.47
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1970 - 2010
annual
0.00


Time coverage
1977 - 2009
annual
1.14


Time coverage
1977 - 2007
annual
-0.37
Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1977 - 2010
annual
0.81


Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
0.20
Net trade in goods and services is derived by offsetting imports of goods and services against exports of goods and services. Exports and imports of goods and services comprise all transactions involving a change of ownership of goods and services between residents of one country and the rest of the world. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1977 - 2010
annual
2.55


Time coverage
1977 - 2007
annual
1422.70


Time coverage
1977 - 2010
Government
Type
Latest value
annual
12.31


Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
4.97
General government final consumption expenditure (formerly general government consumption) includes all government current expenditures for purchases of goods and services (including compensation of employees). It also includes most expenditures on national defense and security, but excludes government military expenditures that are part of government capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1960 - 2007
Forecast
Type
Latest value
annual
6.32
Year-on-year percentage changes in end-of-period consumer prices.

Time coverage
2000 - 2010
annual
-2.84
The current account is all transactions other than those in financial and capital items. The major classifications are goods and services, income and current transfers.

Time coverage
2000 - 2010
annual
8.61
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labor force (the total number of people employed plus unemployed).

Time coverage
2000 - 2010
annual
26.69
Expressed as a ratio of total investment in current local currency and GDP in current local currency. Investment or gross capital formation is measured by the total value of the gross fixed capital formation and changes in inventories and acquisitions less disposals of valuables for a unit or sector.

Time coverage
2000 - 2010
annual
3.44
Year-on-year percent changes in constant price GDP. The base year is country-specific. Expenditure-based GDP is the total final expenditure at purchasers prices including the f.o.b. value of exports of goods and services, less the f.o.b. value of imports of goods and services.

Time coverage
1980 - 2010
Governance
Type
Latest value
annual
-2.01
The index for Rule of Law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-1.82
The index of Government Effectiveness captures perceptions of the quality of public services, the quality of the civil service and the degree of its independence from political pressures, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government's commitment to such policies.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-1.57
The index for Control of Corruption captures perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as capture of the state by elites and private interests.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-1.67
The index of Regulatory Quality captures perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-1.96
The index for Voice and Accountability captures perceptions of the extent to which the citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
-2.91
The index of Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism. The index is an average of several other indexes from the Economist Intelligence Unit, the World Economic Forum, and the Political Risk Services, among others.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
13
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption. The indicator values are determined by using information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions.

Time coverage
2003 - 2016
annual
7
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).

Time coverage
1972 - 2016
annual
7
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).

Time coverage
1972 - 2016
annual
13.20


Time coverage
1990 - 2017
Taxes
Type
Latest value
annual
28
The highest statutory corporate tax rate at central government level. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.

Time coverage
2006 - 2018
annual
22
The highest statutory marginal tax rate applied to the taxable income of individuals. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.

Time coverage
2006 - 2018
annual
0
Statutory VAT rates or consumption taxes similar to a VAT. Rates are provided by KPMG member firms.

Time coverage
2013 - 2018
annual
14.19


Time coverage
1990 - 2007
annual
42.70


Time coverage
2005 - 2017
annual
336


Time coverage
2005 - 2017
annual
20


Time coverage
2005 - 2017
Country risk
Type
Latest value
annual
7
Short Term political risk = Political risk related to short-term export transactions. Political risk covers the risks of foreign exchange shortages, wars, revolutions, natural disasters and arbitrary government actions. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk) reflecting the intensity of political risk.

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
7.0
Long Term political risk = Political risk related to export transactions with a credit period of more than two years. Political risk covers the risks of foreign exchange shortages, wars, revolutions, natural disasters and arbitrary government actions. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk) reflecting the intensity of political risk.

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
7
Special cash transactions are mainly contracting works and projects with long realization periods but payable on a cash basis as the work progresses. Political risk covers the risks of foreign exchange shortages, wars, revolutions, natural disasters and arbitrary government actions Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk) reflecting the intensity of political risk.

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
7
Transfer risk = Political risk related to countries’ solvency. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
7
Risk of expropriation and government action = The risk of expropriation and government action covers the risks of expropriation, breach of contract by the government, a possible negative change of attitude towards foreign investors, and also risks related to the functioning of the judiciary system. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
annual
7
War Risk = War risk covers the risks of external conflicts and the risks of domestic political violence. Domestic political violence includes terrorism, civil unrest, socio-economic conflicts, racial and ethnic tension and the extreme case of civil war. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk) reflecting the intensity of war risk.

Time coverage
2014 - 2017
Shares of world totals
Type
Latest value
annual
0.26
The population share of a particular country is measured as its population as percent of the total world population in a given year. Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates.

Time coverage
1960 - 2015
annual
0.07
We calculated the world GDP as the sum of the GDP of all countries expressed in current USD. The share of GDP is the GDP of a particular country as percent of the world GDP. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.

Time coverage
1980 - 2007
annual
0.09
The share of world exports equals the exports of a particular country as percent of the total exports of all countries around the world. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1990 - 2007
annual
0.09
The share of world exports equals the exports of a particular country as percent of the total exports of all countries around the world. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1990 - 2007
annual
0.08
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Time coverage
1993 - 2010
annual
0.15
The share of world oil reserves is calculated as the proven oil reserves of a country as percent of the total proven oil reserves for the world.

Time coverage
1980 - 2016
External debt
Type
Latest value
annual
103.90


Time coverage
1995 - 2001
annual
0.00


Time coverage
1970 - 2016
annual
11.85


Time coverage
1970 - 2016
annual
0.00


Time coverage
1970 - 2016
Infrastructure and transport
Type
Latest value
annual
1009614


Time coverage
2004 - 2016
annual
13.35


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
72.43


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
0.02


Time coverage
1970 - 2017
annual
2139


Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
2206


Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
1857


Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
636287.00


Time coverage
2007 - 2016
annual
2.89
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for railroad infrastrucutre quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.

Time coverage
2009 - 2011
annual
33734
The indicator estimates the number of new passenger car registrations and sales that took place within a country in a year. Passenger cars are road motor vehicles, other than a motor cycle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver).

Time coverage
2005 - 2017
annual
6300
The indicator estimates the number of new commercial vehicle registrations and sales that took place within a country in a year. Commercial vehicles include light commercial vehicles, heavy trucks, coaches and buses (except for some countries in which the buses or heavy trucks data are not available).

Time coverage
2005 - 2017
annual
3.36
The Quality of port infrastrucutre indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of port facilities in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for port infrastrucutre quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the port facilities and inland waterways in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, the respondents are asked to rate the access to port facilities and inland waterways on a scale from 1 (impossible) to 7 (easy). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.

Time coverage
2007 - 2011
annual
1.36
International Internet bandwidth is the sum of the capacity of all Internet exchanges offering international bandwidth measured in kilobits per second (kb/s).

Time coverage
2012 - 2012
annual
3.22
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The score for air transport infrastructure quality is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.

Time coverage
2007 - 2011
annual
97.50
Mobile network coverage measures the percentage of inhabitants who are within range of a mobile cellular signal, irrespective of whether or not they are subscribers. This is calculated by dividing the number of inhabitants within range of a mobile cellular signal by the total population.

Time coverage
2012 - 2012
annual
3.95
The Road quality indicator is one of the components of the Global Competitiveness Index published annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF). It represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey, a long-running and extensive survey tapping the opinions of over 14,000 business leaders in 144 countries. The road quality indicator score is based on only one question. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (underdeveloped) to 7 (extensive and efficient by international standards). The individual responses are aggregated to produce a country score.

Time coverage
2007 - 2011
Energy and environment
Type
Latest value
annual
0.83


Time coverage
1998 - 2014
annual
0.47


Time coverage
1998 - 2014
annual
562.54


Time coverage
1971 - 2014
annual
30704


Time coverage
1960 - 2014
annual
1.60


Time coverage
1960 - 2014
annual
47.83


Time coverage
1971 - 2014
annual
20.70


Time coverage
1970 - 2007
annual
100.00


Time coverage
1990 - 2016
Agriculture
Type
Latest value
annual
2.7


Time coverage
1990 - 2015
annual
75.81


Time coverage
1961 - 2015
annual
22.86


Time coverage
1991 - 2017
annual
7.89


Time coverage
1985 - 2007
annual
139210


Time coverage
1961 - 2015
annual
54.9


Time coverage
1961 - 2014
annual
252


Time coverage
1962 - 2014
annual
25.4


Time coverage
1961 - 2015
annual
1615


Time coverage
1961 - 2016
annual
69.1


Time coverage
1961 - 2014
annual
41.94


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
5.0


Time coverage
2002 - 2015
annual
87.1


Time coverage
1961 - 2014
annual
4910.0


Time coverage
1990 - 2015
Banking system access
Type
Latest value
annual
8.39
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.

Time coverage
2004 - 2012
annual
220.16
Number of depositors with commercial banks per 1,000 adults.

Time coverage
2008 - 2013
annual
2.79
The percentage of respondents with a credit card (% age 15+). The data are from the World bank Global Financial Inclusion survey.

Time coverage
2011 - 2011
annual
6.16
The percentage of respondents with a debit card (% age 15+). Data are from the World Bank Global Financial Inclusion survey.

Time coverage
2011 - 2011
annual
4.56
Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.

Time coverage
2004 - 2013
Banking system stability
Type
Latest value
annual
40.23
The financial resources provided to the private sector by domestic money banks as a share of total deposits. Domestic money banks comprise commercial banks and other financial institutions that accept transferable deposits, such as demand deposits. Total deposits include demand, time and saving deposits in deposit money banks.

Time coverage
1960 - 2010
annual
13.82
The index captures the probability of default of a country's banking system. Z-score compares the buffer of a country's banking system (capitalization and returns) with the volatility of those returns. It is estimated as (ROA+(equity/assets))/sd(ROA); sd(ROA) is the standard deviation of ROA. ROA, equity, and assets are country-level aggregate figures. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1996 - 2015
annual
85.04
The ratio of the value of liquid assets (easily converted to cash) to short-term funding plus total deposits. Liquid assets include cash and due from banks, trading securities and at fair value through income, loans and advances to banks, reverse repos and cash collaterals. Deposits and short term funding includes total customer deposits (current, savings and term) and short term borrowing (money market instruments, CDs and other deposits).

Time coverage
1996 - 2015
Banking system efficiency
Type
Latest value
annual
0.34
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the value of all assets held. Total assets include total earning assets, cash and due from banks, foreclosed real estate, fixed assets, goodwill, other intangibles, current tax assets, deferred tax assets, discontinued operations and other assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1996 - 2014
annual
3.69
Difference between the lending rate and the deposit rate. The lending rate is the rate charged by banks on loans to the private sector and the deposit interest rate is the rate offered by commercial banks on three-month deposits.

Time coverage
1980 - 2010
annual
4.69
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged total assets. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1996 - 2015
annual
10.20
Commercial banks’ pre-tax income to yearly averaged equity. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1996 - 2014
annual
0.00
Bank’s income that has been generated by noninterest related activities as a percentage of total income (net-interest income plus noninterest income). Noninterest related income includes net gains on trading and derivatives, net gains on other securities, net fees and commissions and other operating income. The number is only calculated when net-interest income is not negative. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1998 - 2014
annual
1.46
Accounting value of bank's net interest revenue as a share of its average interest-bearing (total earning) assets. The numerator and denominator are aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1996 - 2015
annual
33.13
Operating expenses of a bank as a share of the sum of net-interest revenue and other operating income. The numerator and denominator are first aggregated on the country level before division. Note that banks used in the calculation might differ between indicators. Calculated from underlying bank-by-bank unconsolidated data from Bankscope.

Time coverage
1998 - 2015
Banking system depth
Type
Latest value
annual
15.11


Time coverage
1960 - 2007
annual
70.36
Ratio of liquid liabilities to GDP. Liquid liabilities are also known as broad money, or M3. They are the sum of currency and deposits in the central bank (M0), plus transferable deposits and electronic currency (M1), plus time and savings deposits, foreign currency transferable deposits, certificates of deposit, and securities repurchase agreements (M2), plus travelers checks, foreign currency time deposits, commercial paper, and shares of mutual funds or market funds held by residents.

Time coverage
1960 - 2010
annual
44.41
Total assets held by deposit money banks as a share of GDP. Assets include claims on domestic real nonfinancial sector which includes central, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises and private sector. Deposit money banks comprise commercial banks and other financial institutions that accept transferable deposits, such as demand deposits.

Time coverage
1973 - 2010
annual
50.78
Demand, time and saving deposits in deposit money banks and other financial institutions as a share of GDP.

Time coverage
1960 - 2010
Banking system: other indicators
Type
Latest value
Insurance, non-banks and pensions
Type
Latest value
annual
0.01
Ratio of life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data are taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators.

Time coverage
1990 - 2013
annual
0.21
Ratio of non-life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data are taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators.

Time coverage
1990 - 2013
annual
1.02
Ratio of assets of insurance companies to GDP. Data taken from a variety of sources such as AXCO and national sources.

Time coverage
2007 - 2010
Innovation
Type
Latest value
annual
23.70
The Global Innovation Index includes two sub-indices: the Innovation Input Sub-Index and the Innovation Output Sub-Index. The first sub-index is based on five pillars: Institutions, Human capital and research, Infrastructure, Market sophistication, and Business sophistication. The second sub-index is based on two pillars: Knowledge and technology outputs and Creative outputs. Each pillar is divided into sub-pillars and each sub-pillar is composed of individual indicators.

Time coverage
2011 - 2013
annual
37.53


Time coverage
2000 - 2010
annual
198


Time coverage
1963 - 2015
Economic freedom
Type
Latest value
annual
37
The property rights index measures the degree to which a country’s laws protect private property rights and the degree to which its government enforces those laws. It also assesses the likelihood that private property will be expropriated and analyzes the independence of the judiciary, the existence of corruption within the judiciary, and the ability of individuals and businesses to enforce contracts. Higher index values denote more certain legal protection of property.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
23
The score for the Freedom of corruption index is derived primarily from Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. For countries that are not covered in the CPI the freedom from corruption score is determined by using information from internationally recognized and reliable sources. Higher index values denote lower level of corruption.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
86
The Fiscal freedom index measures the tax burden imposed by government. It is composed of three quantitative factors: the top marginal tax rate on individual income, the top marginal tax rate on corporate income, and the total tax burden as a percentage of GDP.

Time coverage
1996 - 2013
annual
62
The Business freedom index is based on 10 indicators, using data from the World Bank’s Doing Business study: Starting a business-procedures (number), time (days), cost (% of income per capita), and minimum capital (% of income per capita); Obtaining a license—procedures (number), time (days), and cost (% of income per capita); Closing a business—time (years), cost (% of estate), and recovery rate (cents on the dollar).

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
59
The Labor freedom index is composed of six quantitative factors: ratio of minimum wage to the average value added per worker, hindrance to hiring additional workers, rigidity of hours, difficulty of firing redundant employees, legally mandated notice period, and mandatory severance pay. The index is based on data collected in connection with the World Bank’s Doing Business study.

Time coverage
2005 - 2018
annual
44.20
The score for the Monetary freedom index is based on two factors: the weighted average inflation rate for the most recent three years and price controls. Higher index values denote price stability without microeconomic intervention.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
57
The Trade freedom index is based on two indicators: the trade-weighted average tariff rate and non-tariff barriers (including quantity, price, regulatory, customs and investment restrictions, and direct government intervention).

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
0
The Investment freedom index evaluates a variety of investment restrictions (burdensome bureaucracy, restrictions on land ownership, expropriation of investments without fair compensation, foreign exchange controls, capital control, security problems, a lack of basic investment infrastructure, etc.). Points are deducted from the ideal score of 100 for each of the restrictions found in a country’s investment regime.

Time coverage
1996 - 2018
annual
20
The Financial freedom index evaluates: the extent of government regulation of financial services, the degree of state intervention in banks and other financial firms through direct and indirect ownership, the extent of financial and capital market development, government influence on the allocation of credit and openness to foreign competition. Higher index values denote banking efficiency and independence from government control and interference in the financial sector.

Time coverage
1996 - 2016
annual
51
The Overall index of economic freedom has ten components grouped into four broad categories: Rule of Law; Limited Government; Regulatory Efficiency and Open Markets. The overall economic freedom is scored on a scale of 0 to 100, where 100 represents the maximum freedom.

Time coverage
1996 - 2012
Health
Type
Latest value
annual
70.31


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
21.47


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
5.52


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
2.92


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
21.00


Time coverage
2000 - 2016
annual
1.90
Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.

Time coverage
2000 - 2016
Education
Type
Latest value
annual
5.13


Time coverage
1972 - 2009
annual
80.84


Time coverage
1981 - 2004
annual
90.22


Time coverage
1981 - 2004
annual
94.61


Time coverage
1981 - 2004
annual
92.45


Time coverage
1981 - 2004
annual
25.33


Time coverage
1971 - 2002
annual
65.83


Time coverage
1971 - 2013
annual
6


Time coverage
1970 - 2017
annual
0.97


Time coverage
1971 - 2013
Globalization
Type
Latest value
annual
45.51
The overall index of globalization covers the economic, social, and political dimensions of globalization. Higher values denote greater globalization.

Time coverage
1973 - 2015
annual
34.67
Economic globalization has two dimensions: actual economic flows and restrictions to trade and capital. The sub-index on actual economic flows includes data on trade, FDI, and portfolio investment. The sub-index on restrictions takes into account hidden import barriers, mean tariff rates, taxes on international trade (as a share of current revenue), and an index of capital controls.

Time coverage
1973 - 2015
annual
59.39
The degree of political globalization is determined by the number of embassies and high commissions in a country, the number of international organizations to which the country is a member, the number of UN peace missions a country participated in, and the number of treaties signed between two or more states.

Time coverage
1973 - 2015
annual
42.47
Social globalization has three dimensions: personal contacts, information flows, and cultural proximity. The sub-index on personal contacts includes international telecom traffic, degree of tourism, transfers, foreign population, and number of international letters. The sub-index on information flows includes number of internet users, share of households with a television set, and trade in newspapers. The sub-index on cultural proximity includes trade in books and number of McDonald’s restaurants and Ikea located in a country.

Time coverage
1973 - 2015
Industry: Oil, coal, and electricity
Type
Latest value
annual
2.50
Proved reserves of crude oil are the estimated quantities of all liquids defined as crude oil, which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable in future years from reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.

Time coverage
1980 - 2016
annual
30.00
Oil production includes the production of crude oil (including lease condensate), natural gas plant liquids, and other liquids, and refinery processing gain. Negative values indicate a net refinery processing loss.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
15.84
Gasoline production includes production of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes production of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.

Time coverage
1986 - 2012
annual
5.34
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel produced within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.

Time coverage
1986 - 2012
annual
165.00
Oil consumption (Total petroleum consumption) includes internal consumption, refinery fuel and loss, and bunkering. Also included, where available, is direct combustion of crude oil.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
30.00


Time coverage
1986 - 2013
annual
1.40


Time coverage
1986 - 2013
annual
20.00
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases consumption also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.

Time coverage
1986 - 2013
annual
2.60
Coal consumption includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale. It also includes net imports of metallurgical coke.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
2.60
Amount of foreign coal shipped to the country.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
20.57
Total electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
2.97
Hydroelectric generation excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
17.08
Total Electricity Net Consumption = total net electricity generation + electricity imports - electricity exports – electricity transmission and distribution losses. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units.

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
8.21
Total Electricity Installed Capacity (Million Kilowatts)

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
1.23


Time coverage
1991 - 2012
annual
0.14


Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
2.97
Total Renewables Electricity Net Generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units and also excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage)

Time coverage
1980 - 2014
annual
3.21
Total Renewables Electricity Net Consumption (Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)

Time coverage
1980 - 2012
Crime
Type
Latest value
annual
0.1


Time coverage
2003 - 2008
annual
4


Time coverage
2003 - 2008
annual
60


Time coverage
2003 - 2004
annual
32


Time coverage
2003 - 2008
annual
2.2


Time coverage
2000 - 2010
Religions
Type
Latest value
annual
7.4


Time coverage
1960 - 2013
annual
11.0


Time coverage
1960 - 2013
annual
87.0


Time coverage
1960 - 2013
annual
76.0


Time coverage
1960 - 2013
Other indicators
Type
Latest value
annual
3.46
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.

Time coverage
2013 - 2018
annual
0.536
The Human Development Index measures three basic dimensions of human development: long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Four indicators are used to calculate the index: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling, and gross national income per capita.

Time coverage
1980 - 2015
annual
18.43


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
58.06


Time coverage
1960 - 2016
annual
4.34


Time coverage
1960 - 2017
annual
36.58
Total population below the age of 14 as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.

Time coverage
1960 - 2017
annual
49.47


Time coverage
1960 - 2017
annual
3.85
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness. The pillars are organized as followed: Basic requirements (Institutions, Infrastructure, Macroeconomic Stability, Health and Primary Education); Efficiency enhancers (Higher Education and Training, Goods Market Efficiency, Labour Market Efficiency, Financial Market Sophistication, Technological Readiness, Market Size), and Innovation and sophistication factors (Business Sophistication, Innovation).

Time coverage
2007 - 2011
annual
7.90
The indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. The indicator excludes bribes.

Time coverage
2003 - 2017
annual
8
The total number of documents required per shipment to export goods, including documents required by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies, and banks. Also: all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit. Documents that are renewed annually and/or that do not require renewal per shipment are not included.

Time coverage
2005 - 2014
annual
183630


Time coverage
1961 - 2017
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