Sri Lanka: Reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Sri Lanka

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD

 Latest value 3.14
 Year 2021
 Measure billion U.S. dollars
 Data availability 1960 - 2021
 Average 2.08
 Min - Max 0.04 - 8.21
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Sri Lanka from 1960 to 2021. The average value for Sri Lanka during that period was 2.08 billion U.S. dollars with a minimum of 0.04 billion U.S. dollars in 1966 and a maximum of 8.21 billion U.S. dollars in 2014. The latest value from 2021 is 3.14 billion U.S. dollars. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 157 countries is 95.38 billion U.S. dollars. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Sri Lanka - Reserves - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Sri Lanka - Reserves - historical chart - 1960-2021

The reserves of Sri Lanka and other countries include their holdings of foreign currencies and gold. These are the reserves of the central bank and the treasury of the country, not the private sector.

When countries export products or attract investment from other countries, they receive foreign currencies. They use some of these currencies to buy imports and to invest in other countries. The rest is held in reserves and some of the reserves may be converted to gold.
Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 97.29 2021 percent
 Trade openness 46.52 2022 percent
 Financial openness -1.242 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 21.48 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 15.98 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 10.22 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 25.04 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 18.63 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 1.21 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.90 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -216.54 2020 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -1.90 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars -1.45 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -3.55 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -3.07 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 3.14 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 5.13 2022 percent
 Remittances 3,818.00 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -513.01 2022 million USD
 External debt 81.00 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 14.63 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 274.99 2021 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 1,360.08 9/2023 billion
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