Spain: Labor force

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Spain

Labor force, million people

 Latest value 23.79
 Year 2023
 Measure million people
 Data availability 1991 - 2023
 Average 20.69
 Min - Max 15.62 - 23.79
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Spain from 1991 to 2023. The average value for Spain during that period was 20.69 million people with a minimum of 15.62 million people in 1991 and a maximum of 23.79 million people in 2023. The latest value from 2023 is 23.79 million people. For comparison, the world average in 2023 based on 178 countries is 20.30 million people. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Spain - Labor force - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Spain - Labor force - historical chart - 1991-2023




Definition: Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

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Unemployment: structural, frictional, and cyclical



 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Labor force 23.79 2023 million people
 Unemployment rate 12.92 2022 percent
 Female unemployment 13.98 2023 percent
 Male unemployment 10.50 2023 percent
 Youth unemployment 28.49 2023 percent
 Labor force participation 57.59 2023 percent
 Labor force: percent female 46.94 2023 percent
 Female labor force participation 52.63 2023 percent
 Male labor force participation 62.84 2023 percent
 Self-employment 15.34 2022 percent
 Employment 21.43 Q3/2023 million employed people
 Unemployment rate 12.10 9/2023 percent
 Labor cost 108.90 Q3/2023 index points
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