South Korea: Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 South Korea

Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP

 Latest value 1.08
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1970 - 2022
 Average 0.74
 Min - Max 0.01 - 4.57
 Source The World Bank

For that indicator, we provide data for South Korea from 1970 to 2022. The average value for South Korea during that period was 0.74 percent with a minimum of 0.01 percent in 1974 and a maximum of 4.57 percent in 1972. The latest value from 2022 is 1.08 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 101 countries is 4.23 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
South Korea - Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP - recent values

Historical chart
South Korea - Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1970-2022

Foreign direct investment in South Korea and other countries reflects the foreign ownership of production facilities. To be classified as foreign direct investment, the share of the foreign ownership has to be equal to at least 10 percent of the value of the company. The investment could be in manufacturing, services, agriculture, or other sectors. It could have originated as green field investment (building something new), as acquisition (buying an existing company) or joint venture (partnership).

FDI is reported on an annual basis, i.e. how much new investment was received in the country during the current year. It typically runs at about 2-3 percent of the size of the economy measured by its gross domestic product. If a country routinely receives FDI that exceeds 5-6% of GDP each year, then this is a significant success.

Definition: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.
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