South Africa: Labor force participation

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 South Africa

Labor force participation rate

 Latest value 58.08
 Year 2023
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1991 - 2023
 Average 59.33
 Min - Max 54.17 - 63.34
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for South Africa from 1991 to 2023. The average value for South Africa during that period was 59.33 percent with a minimum of 54.17 percent in 2010 and a maximum of 63.34 percent in 1991. The latest value from 2023 is 58.08 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2023 based on 178 countries is 60.88 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
South Africa - Labor force participation - Recent values chart

Historical chart
South Africa - Labor force participation - historical chart - 1991-2023




The labor force participation rate is the percent of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active. That includes the employed and the unemployed individuals.
Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Labor force 25.16 2023 million people
 Unemployment rate 28.84 2022 percent
 Female unemployment 30.51 2023 percent
 Male unemployment 26.52 2023 percent
 Youth unemployment 50.47 2023 percent
 Labor force participation 58.08 2023 percent
 Labor force: percent female 46.98 2023 percent
 Female labor force participation 52.38 2023 percent
 Male labor force participation 64.27 2023 percent
 Self-employment 28.99 2022 percent
 Informal employment 31.50 2020 percent
 Employment 16.75 Q3/2023 million employed people
 Unemployment rate 31.90 Q3/2023 percent
 Labor cost 145.10 Q3/2023 index points
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