Somalia: Unemployment rate

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Unemployment rate

 Latest value 19.29
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1991 - 2022
 Average 18.87
 Min - Max 18.29 - 20.11
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Somalia from 1991 to 2022. The average value for Somalia during that period was 18.87 percent with a minimum of 18.29 percent in 2016 and a maximum of 20.11 percent in 1994. The latest value from 2022 is 19.29 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 179 countries is 7.25 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Somalia - Unemployment rate - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Somalia - Unemployment rate - historical chart - 1991-2022

The unemployment rate in Somalia and other countries is defined as the number of unemployed people as percent of the labor force. The labor force includes the people who are either employed or unemployed, i.e. who don't have a job but are actively looking for one. The labor force does not include people who are not looking for work, children, and the retired.

The unemployment rate seldom declines below 4-5 percent even during boom times. There are always people who move between different sectors of the economy or between cities. When the economy goes into recession, then unemployment can reach much higher numbers, sometimes even in the double digits.
Definition: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Labor force 3.28 2023 million people
 Unemployment rate 19.29 2022 percent
 Female unemployment 24.86 2023 percent
 Male unemployment 16.62 2023 percent
 Youth unemployment 34.48 2023 percent
 Labor force participation 34.11 2023 percent
 Labor force: percent female 31.25 2023 percent
 Female labor force participation 21.15 2023 percent
 Male labor force participation 47.28 2023 percent
 Self-employment 51.23 2022 percent
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