Somalia: Exports, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Exports of goods and services as percent of GDP

 Latest value 16.78
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1960 - 2022
 Average 16.29
 Min - Max 4.82 - 33.18
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Somalia from 1960 to 2022. The average value for Somalia during that period was 16.29 percent with a minimum of 4.82 percent in 1988 and a maximum of 33.18 percent in 1980. The latest value from 2022 is 16.78 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 133 countries is 47.15 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Somalia - Exports, percent of GDP - recent values

Historical chart
Somalia - Exports, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1960-2022

The exports of Somalia and other countries are calculated as the total amount of goods and services produced at home and sold abroad. Exports are often reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate their magnitude relative to the size of the economy.

If exports are about 15 percent or less of GDP the economy is considered relatively closed as only 15 percent of its products are sold internationally. That, for example, applies to the U.S. In contrast, many small European countries export over 40 percent of their production. They are considered more open to international trade.
Definition: Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.

 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 121.58 2021 percent
 Trade openness 122.89 2022 percent
 Exports, percent of GDP 16.78 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 1.80 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 12.14 1989 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 90.92 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 8.18 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 6.10 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.64 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 0.00 1989 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -17.10 2022 percent
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -61.21 2022 percent
 Reserves 0.02 1989 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 16.65 2022 percent
 External debt 51.53 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 28.30 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 842.53 1989 percent
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