Rwanda: Government debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Rwanda

Government debt as percent of GDP

 Latest value 62.05
 Year 2023
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1995 - 2023
 Average 53.08
 Min - Max 18.28 - 100.75
 Source International Monetary Fund (IMF)
For that indicator, we provide data for Rwanda from 1995 to 2023. The average value for Rwanda during that period was 53.08 percent with a minimum of 18.28 percent in 2008 and a maximum of 100.75 percent in 1995. The latest value from 2023 is 62.05 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2023 based on 47 countries is 70.34 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Rwanda - Government debt - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Rwanda - Government debt - historical chart - 1995-2023




The government debt in Rwanda and other countries is calculated as the total amount owed by the national government to domestic and international lenders. It is reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate its magnitude relative to the size of the economy.

Government debt of about 60 percent or less of GDP is not considered a problem. The government can make payments without strain and even has some room to borrow more. If debt levels reach 80-90 percent that may have negative effects on the economy. Debt above 120 percent of GDP is quite detrimental.
Definition: Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Government spending, percent of GDP 17.04 2022 percent
 Government spending, in dollars 2.27 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Fiscal balance, percent of GDP -5.50 2019 percent
 Government debt 62.05 2023 percent
 Government expenditure 662.00 Q3/2023 billion
 Tax revenue 15.08 2020 percent
 Commercial tax rate 33.20 2019 percent
 Tax preparation time 91 2019 hours
 Number of taxes 9 2019 taxes
 Taxes on goods and services 27.67 2020 percent
 Taxes on international trade 4.65 2020 percent
 Income and profits taxes 24.97 2020 percent
 Foreign aid 1,314.66 2021 million U.S. dollars
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