Romania: Exports, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Romania

Exports of goods and services as percent of GDP

 Latest value 42.97
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1990 - 2022
 Average 30.20
 Min - Max 16.73 - 42.97
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Romania from 1990 to 2022. The average value for Romania during that period was 30.2 percent with a minimum of 16.73 percent in 1990 and a maximum of 42.97 percent in 2022. The latest value from 2022 is 42.97 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 149 countries is 47.96 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Romania - Exports, percent of GDP - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Romania - Exports, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1990-2022




The exports of Romania and other countries are calculated as the total amount of goods and services produced at home and sold abroad. Exports are often reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate their magnitude relative to the size of the economy.

If exports are about 15 percent or less of GDP the economy is considered relatively closed as only 15 percent of its products are sold internationally. That, for example, applies to the U.S. In contrast, many small European countries export over 40 percent of their production. They are considered more open to international trade.
Definition: Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 99.27 2021 percent
 Trade openness 92.82 2022 percent
 Financial openness 1.793 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 42.97 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 129.22 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 9.56 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 49.84 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 149.88 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 3.82 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 11.88 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -249.70 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -7.00 2023 percent
 Current account, in dollars -27.33 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -6.87 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -19.92 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 55.81 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.88 2022 percent
 Remittances 8,659.80 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 3,793.42 2022 million USD
 External debt 57.51 2020 percent
 Short-term external debt 12.48 2020 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 34.04 2020 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 65.12 9/2023 billion
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