Poland: Labor force

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Poland

Labor force, million people

 Latest value 17.99
 Year 2023
 Measure million people
 Data availability 1991 - 2023
 Average 17.84
 Min - Max 17.32 - 18.52
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Poland from 1991 to 2023. The average value for Poland during that period was 17.84 million people with a minimum of 17.32 million people in 2004 and a maximum of 18.52 million people in 2021. The latest value from 2023 is 17.99 million people. For comparison, the world average in 2023 based on 178 countries is 20.30 million people. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Poland - Labor force - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Poland - Labor force - historical chart - 1991-2023




Definition: Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Labor force 17.99 2023 million people
 Unemployment rate 2.89 2022 percent
 Female unemployment 2.72 2023 percent
 Male unemployment 2.88 2023 percent
 Youth unemployment 11.49 2023 percent
 Labor force participation 58.93 2023 percent
 Labor force: percent female 45.55 2023 percent
 Female labor force participation 51.58 2023 percent
 Male labor force participation 66.91 2023 percent
 Self-employment 19.86 2022 percent
 Employment 17.24 Q3/2023 million employed people
 Unemployment rate 2.90 9/2023 percent
 Labor cost 137.90 Q3/2023 index points
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