Peru: Reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Peru

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD

 Latest value 74.78
 Year 2020
 Measure billion U.S. dollars
 Data availability 1960 - 2020
 Average 15.53
 Min - Max 0.08 - 74.78
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Peru from 1960 to 2020. The average value for Peru during that period was 15.53 billion U.S. dollars with a minimum of 0.08 billion U.S. dollars in 1960 and a maximum of 74.78 billion U.S. dollars in 2020. The latest value from 2020 is 74.78 billion U.S. dollars. For comparison, the world average in 2020 based on 163 countries is 87.84 billion U.S. dollars. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Peru - Reserves - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Peru - Reserves - historical chart - 1960-2020




The reserves of Peru and other countries include their holdings of foreign currencies and gold. These are the reserves of the central bank and the treasury of the country, not the private sector.

When countries export products or attract investment from other countries, they receive foreign currencies. They use some of these currencies to buy imports and to invest in other countries. The rest is held in reserves and some of the reserves may be converted to gold.
Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 127.99 2021 percent
 Trade openness 58.41 2022 percent
 Financial openness 2.299 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 29.32 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 71.13 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 5.93 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 29.09 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 70.59 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 4.47 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 10.85 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -109.60 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -4.05 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars -9.91 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 0.22 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 1.69 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 74.78 2020 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 1.53 2022 percent
 Remittances 3,707.56 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -4,426.68 2022 million USD
 External debt 38.99 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 11.95 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 13.75 2020 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 71.31 9/2023 billion
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