Peru: Government debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Peru

Government debt as percent of GDP

 Latest value 33.84
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1999 - 2022
 Average 32.53
 Min - Max 19.20 - 51.46
 Source Central bank of Peru
For that indicator, we provide data for Peru from 1999 to 2022. The average value for Peru during that period was 32.53 percent with a minimum of 19.2 percent in 2013 and a maximum of 51.46 percent in 1999. The latest value from 2022 is 33.84 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 161 countries is 61.64 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Peru - Government debt - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Peru - Government debt - historical chart - 1999-2022




The government debt in Peru and other countries is calculated as the total amount owed by the national government to domestic and international lenders. It is reported as percent of GDP so that we can evaluate its magnitude relative to the size of the economy.

Government debt of about 60 percent or less of GDP is not considered a problem. The government can make payments without strain and even has some room to borrow more. If debt levels reach 80-90 percent that may have negative effects on the economy. Debt above 120 percent of GDP is quite detrimental.
Definition: Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Government spending, percent of GDP 13.49 2022 percent
 Government spending, in dollars 32.72 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Fiscal balance, percent of GDP -1.70 2022 percent
 Government debt 33.84 2022 percent
 Government expenditure 30.14 Q3/2023 billion
 Tax revenue 16.11 2021 percent
 Commercial tax rate 36.80 2019 percent
 Tax preparation time 260 2019 hours
 Number of taxes 8 2019 taxes
 Taxes on goods and services 36.33 2021 percent
 Taxes on international trade 0.79 2021 percent
 Income and profits taxes 29.46 2021 percent
 Foreign aid 303.65 2021 million U.S. dollars
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