Montenegro: Current account, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Montenegro

Current account balance as percent of GDP

 Latest value -15
 Year 2019
 Measure percent
 Data availability 2001 - 2019
 Average -18.64
 Min - Max -49.47 - -6.87
 Source International Monetary Fund (IMF)
For that indicator, we provide data for Montenegro from 2001 to 2019. The average value for Montenegro during that period was -18.64 percent with a minimum of -49.47 percent in 2008 and a maximum of -6.87 percent in 2003. The latest value from 2019 is -15 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2019 based on 187 countries is -1.97 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Montenegro - Current account, percent of GDP - recent values

Historical chart
Montenegro - Current account, percent of GDP - historical chart - 2001-2019




The current account of Montenegro and other countries has three components: 1) the exports of goods and services minus the imports of goods and services; 2) the difference of incomes that countries pay to each other; and 3) the difference in transfers that countries make to each other. Current account deficits are reported with a minus sign and surpluses are reported with a plus sign.

A current account deficit means that the country needs to find financing for its imports. The foreign currencies it receives from selling products abroad are not enough to pay for the products it wants to buy from other countries. The needed amounts of foreign currencies can be obtained by, for example, borrowing. For instance, in the last several years the U.S. has been borrowing money from China in order to buy Chinese products.

This is not necessarily a problem. The current account deficit starts to be a problem if it exceeds 3-4 percent of GDP for many years. Over that time, the country accumulates a significant amount of foreign debt that eventually has to be repaid.
Definition: Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Trade openness 128.66 2022 percent
 Exports, percent of GDP 52.68 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 3.21 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 22.69 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 75.97 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 4.63 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 14.01 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.87 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -0.13 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -15.00 2019 percent
 Current account, in dollars -0.82 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -22.83 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -1.44 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 2.04 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 13.33 2022 percent
 Remittances 457.17 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 596.97 2022 million USD
 External debt 141.76 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 2.25 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 9.74 2022 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 1.62 9/2023 billion
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